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Canine Communication and Body Language


A couple of years ago a Japanese electronics company came up with a Gizmo which they claimed could convert dogs barks, yips and whines into human language, thereby allowing us to understand "Doggie" speak for the first time. I was on a radio program recently, discussing the merits and usefulness of a new dog collar that was also a mobile phone. You could ring up and converse with your dog at any time and enjoy a nice cosy chat. You might as well text your pet for all the good phoning it would do; the mostly likely outcome of this idea would be to startle and frighten your pet.

In reality, real canine language is not just verbal; it is a rich visual language, where dogs are able to converse with each other irrespective of breed or nationality. A Collie from Wales can converse with an Akita from Japan and a Poodle living in France with a village dog in Ethiopia.

Dogs have a truly universal language that can be incredibly subtle and wide ranging. This marvellous language is one that we can also learn and understand, and through that ability communicate with our dogs far more effectively.

However this is a language that needs to be practiced for our dogs to be fluent. That is why early socialisation, puppy classes, and controlled play with other vaccinated dogs is so vitally important, especially in the critical periods from 7 to 16 weeks. As a behaviorist I get to treat many of these animals that are unable to give calming signals or are stunted in their ability to meet and greet because of the lack of early socialisation.

These are normally the ones that have fear and animosity towards other dogs and sometimes humans, culminating in the most common aggression of all "Fear". In many cases, they are unable to understand or signal their intentions; a classic example is boxers who are often attacked by other dogs. They have been bred with flattened features that are almost immobile, then we dock their tail to a tiny useless stub, making them unable to display some of the facial and tail signals that are so important in the greeting ritual.

I said earlier that we can learn this language, however some aspects of canine language are so complex, that we cannot even start to reproduce it with our puny two legs, small immobile ears, and lack of tail.

We are further hampered by the fact that we tend to think that our pets can understand complex thought patterns; we assume a dog's level of understanding is on a par with our own. This is known as "anthropomorphism", the dictionary definition is "The attribution of human motivation, characteristics, or behavior to nonhuman organisms or inanimate objects". It is a bit like saying that a vine climbed up the tree to getter a better view of the garden.

Dogs and Vocalisation

Dogs do bark and vocalise it is a part of their ability to converse, however this is only one factor in your dogs language repertoire, effectively when they bark they are saying "Heyyyyy". This can be happy, demanding or questioning. They also communicate verbally in other ways the excited Yip when you get the lead out, the bark they make when someone is at the door, quite different from the nervous bark when they hear something unusual.

Having said that true communication comes from the glance, the head position, the body posture, and a myriad of other signals constantly being passed back and forth. Dogs try to converse with us, but without understanding the subtly of the language we often miss most of what they are trying to convey. This can cause misunderstanding and confusion and may be one of the main reasons we get the behavioral problems we see today.

Greeting and Appeasing Signals

We humans are the direct descendants of primates including ape's chimpanzees, bonobos and gorillas. That is not to denigrate our unique position on the evolutionary ladder, but our heritage is none the less, Primate. Dog's ancestry is intrinsically linked to the wolf, therefore Canids, which include wolves, coyotes, and jackals, a very different species with very different body language.

Where communication sometimes breaks down is when we greet other species, we tend approach then as we would humans, face on making full eye contact; we often hug, face to face, putting our faces close together. Just look at the common greeting of kissing both cheeks. To a dog, this is a threatening gesture and is deemed rude and inappropriate.

Have you ever seen dogs hug? In the main most of our pets suffer this indignity in silence but not always. This is one of the reasons people are bitten, especially young children under five, who tend to cuddle everything they can get their hands on. This coupled with the fact that you cannot negotiate with a child under five, you have more chance of negotiating with a terrorist. Ask any mother, this sadly makes the toddler one of the most frequent victims of dog bites.

If you stand over a dog and ruffle the top of its head this can also be perceived as threatening, imagine someone coming up to you and ruffling your hair every time you met, how would you feel?

Turid Rugaas (1) The Norwegian behaviorist and acknowledged expert on reading the intricate body language of our canine companion's states that dogs have a highly developed set of calming signals that act as diffusers of aggression and conflict. These signals include circling, lip licking, yawning, sniffing the ground, looking away, moving very slowly and deliberately, the body shake as if shedding water, distracted sniffing, and either sitting or lying down. These signals are aimed at other dogs but are also directed at us, who are also perceived loosely as pack members.

Just as we expect our pets to understand our every word, then dogs think we can interpret their signals, quite often these are the ones we miss when our dogs are stressed or worried. If you can spot them you can actually signal back calming gestures in response such as yawning, lip licking, moving slowly, and looking away. This helps to diffuse the situation and relax your pet.

If you think about it, these actions are the opposite of the aggressive stance that dogs take as a prequel to an attack or dogfight.

Aggression

As opposed to the calming signals, this body language is initially easier to read and includes ears pinned back flat against head, or sometimes pointed forward, hackles raised, hard stare, low head stance, stiff legged walk, lips skinned back, and tail either upright and quivering or straight out not wagging. There may be low growling or a snarl. Sometimes the dog gives a whale eye this is when the head is turned slightly away but the eyes showing the whites are turned towards you. This is often the look when the dog is guarding something like a bone. All these signals are a threat, the dog is saying stop what you are doing or there could be violence.

In Wolf packs these threat displays are a way of controlling the hierarchical structure, the breeding males and females will control their pack position by these overtly aggressive stance . Rarely does it turn into violence these animals cannot really afford to be injured or hurt in an all out fight, therefore threat displays normally suffice.

Because of our and sometimes other dogs, inability to read the postures and body language and give calming signals in return means that sometimes the threats can actually escalate into physical violence.

Timid Dogs: If you find that your dog is very fearful or timid round strangers get them to walk him on a lead with you, it calms and gives confidence to the stressed dog, make sure you are walking next to the dog at the same time

In conclusion, we need to watch and learn from our pets, if you write down the numerous signals your pet gives and in what context you will gradually build up an understanding of what he is saying to you.

You can then signal back appeasing signals in return turn your head away, yawn, or lick your lips at a fearful or aggressive dog and you may just diffuse the situation.

With practice, you should find yourself more able to communicate with your dog with a more enriched and sophisticated vocabulary. This will benefit both you and your dog and allow you to have a better understanding and more relaxed relationship with your pet.

Stan Rawlinson
© June 2005

Dog Behaviorist and Obedience Trainer, Stan Rawlinson has owned and worked dogs for over 25 years, starting with gundogs but also specialising in the behavioral and obedience side of training companion dogs. He now has a successful practice covering Greater London, Surrey, and Middlesex.

Stan is recommended by numerous Vets, Rescue Centres, and Charities and writes for numerous magazines including Dogs Monthly, Our Dogs and K9 Magazine he also serves as an expert on K9 Magazine's Animal Advisory Panel.

http://www.doglistener.co.uk [email protected] 0208 979 2019


TODAYS NEWS BY OFFICEJAX FREE ADVERTISING AND AD EXCHANGE SOLUTIONSMORE PETS INFORMATION RESOURCES updated Wed. July / 06 / 2022

Arizona Humane Society helps reunite lost pets after loud holiday weekend - Arizona's Family
  1. Arizona Humane Society helps reunite lost pets after loud holiday weekend  Arizona's Family
  2. Plano offers tips for finding lost pets after July 4 holiday  The Dallas Morning News
  3. Fireworks increase chance of lost pets  KAUZ
  4. Lowcountry animal shelter sees mass influx of lost pets after July 4th celebrations  ABC NEWS 4
  5. Front Street Animal Shelter waives fees for lost pets after Fourth of July  KCRA Sacramento
  6. View Full Coverage on Google News

Pets of the Week: Benn is easy going. Denise is all about the attention - MLive.com
Pets of the Week: Benn is easy going. Denise is all about the attention  MLive.com

You Love Your Pets, But What to Do With Their Poop? - LX
You Love Your Pets, But What to Do With Their Poop?  LX

On the road again and traveling with your pets - Vermont Biz
On the road again and traveling with your pets  Vermont Biz

Fourth of July fireworks - and nature's - lead to dozens of stray pets turning up at HSCO - KTVZ
Fourth of July fireworks - and nature's - lead to dozens of stray pets turning up at HSCO  KTVZ

CASPCA offering event to help pets during fireworks - NBC 29
CASPCA offering event to help pets during fireworks  NBC 29

East Texas heat can prove dangerous for pets - KLTV
East Texas heat can prove dangerous for pets  KLTV

Fire destroys home east of Cortez; two pets die - The Durango Herald
Fire destroys home east of Cortez; two pets die  The Durango Herald

Pets of the Week | ClarksvilleNow.com - Clarksville Now
Pets of the Week | ClarksvilleNow.com  Clarksville Now

Tampa Bay area pets available for adoption - Tampa Bay Times
Tampa Bay area pets available for adoption  Tampa Bay Times

Pyramid Hill hosts ‘Yappy Hour’ for folks with pets to enjoy park - Hamilton Journal News
Pyramid Hill hosts ‘Yappy Hour’ for folks with pets to enjoy park  Hamilton Journal News

U.S. Durable Dog and Cat Pet Care Products Market Report 2022: Focus on Product Quality Driving Growth - ResearchAndMarkets.com - Business Wire
U.S. Durable Dog and Cat Pet Care Products Market Report 2022: Focus on Product Quality Driving Growth - ResearchAndMarkets.com  Business Wire

Tallahassee Animal Services overpopulated as more pets are being surrendered - WCTV
Tallahassee Animal Services overpopulated as more pets are being surrendered  WCTV

Officials stress importance of microchipping pets after holiday weekend - NBC2 News
Officials stress importance of microchipping pets after holiday weekend  NBC2 News

Richardson extends dog park hours - The Dallas Morning News
Richardson extends dog park hours  The Dallas Morning News

Free vaccines available for Missouri pet owners | News | columbiamissourian.com - Columbia Missourian
Free vaccines available for Missouri pet owners | News | columbiamissourian.com  Columbia Missourian

West Des Moines firework show next door to animal shelter spooks pets - KCCI Des Moines
West Des Moines firework show next door to animal shelter spooks pets  KCCI Des Moines

July 4th fireworks spark rise in lost pets at some shelters in Inland Empire - San Bernardino County Sun
July 4th fireworks spark rise in lost pets at some shelters in Inland Empire  San Bernardino County Sun

Petco piloting wellness center concept for pets, farm animals - Retail Customer Experience
Petco piloting wellness center concept for pets, farm animals  Retail Customer Experience

Raleigh leaders vote to ban wild animals as pets - WRAL News
Raleigh leaders vote to ban wild animals as pets  WRAL News

Pets are part of the family, survey of Oregon pet owners finds - Central Oregon Daily
Pets are part of the family, survey of Oregon pet owners finds  Central Oregon Daily

South Florida animal shelters at capacity after July 4th fireworks send scared dogs running - CBS Miami
South Florida animal shelters at capacity after July 4th fireworks send scared dogs running  CBS Miami

Surrendered, abandoned pets in Minnesota see 'dramatic uptick': Here's how you can help - KARE11.com
Surrendered, abandoned pets in Minnesota see 'dramatic uptick': Here's how you can help  KARE11.com

Netherlands to ban exotic pets: report - NL Times
Netherlands to ban exotic pets: report  NL Times

English bulldog wins Rancho Bernardo's 'Most Patriotic Pet' title - The San Diego Union-Tribune
English bulldog wins Rancho Bernardo's 'Most Patriotic Pet' title  The San Diego Union-Tribune

Preserving memories of beloved pets - Mankato Free Press
Preserving memories of beloved pets  Mankato Free Press

News 12 has tips on keeping kids and pets safe from hot car tragedies - News 12 New Jersey
News 12 has tips on keeping kids and pets safe from hot car tragedies  News 12 New Jersey

Pa. SPCA Hopes Large Adoption Event Helps Finds Pets Home - NBC 10 Philadelphia
Pa. SPCA Hopes Large Adoption Event Helps Finds Pets Home  NBC 10 Philadelphia

Adopt me! Pets from North State rescues in July 2022 - Record Searchlight
Adopt me! Pets from North State rescues in July 2022  Record Searchlight

Dog remains found buried at Spicewood pet resort, BCSO investigating - KXAN.com
Dog remains found buried at Spicewood pet resort, BCSO investigating  KXAN.com

Shelter takes in pets for residents evacuating from Electra Fire in Amador County - CBS News
Shelter takes in pets for residents evacuating from Electra Fire in Amador County  CBS News

First Lady Advocates for Pets | News for Page Lake Powell Arizona - lakepowelllife
First Lady Advocates for Pets | News for Page Lake Powell Arizona  lakepowelllife

Pet of the Week: Mabel - Newnan Times-Herald
Pet of the Week: Mabel  Newnan Times-Herald

Pets: BoBo & JJ - Sun Community News & Printing
Pets: BoBo & JJ  Sun Community News & Printing

City to allow use of pet shock collars, sparking opposition among Mitchell resident, several council members - Mitchell Republic
City to allow use of pet shock collars, sparking opposition among Mitchell resident, several council members  Mitchell Republic

Dog Days of Summer: Charlie and Paradise Pets - NBC 5 Dallas-Fort Worth
Dog Days of Summer: Charlie and Paradise Pets  NBC 5 Dallas-Fort Worth

PHOTOS: Take a look at these pets from the Gwinnett County community - Gwinnettdailypost.com
PHOTOS: Take a look at these pets from the Gwinnett County community  Gwinnettdailypost.com

Find out if your pet has an allergy with this simple kit - WJXT News4JAX
Find out if your pet has an allergy with this simple kit  WJXT News4JAX

Howard retires from Fairview Veterinary Clinic after 42 years of helping pets, owners - The Stanly News & Press | The Stanly News & Press - Stanly News & Press
Howard retires from Fairview Veterinary Clinic after 42 years of helping pets, owners - The Stanly News & Press | The Stanly News & Press  Stanly News & Press

🌱Sachem Daily: LI Ice Cream Tour + Local Pets Available For Adoption - Patch
🌱Sachem Daily: LI Ice Cream Tour + Local Pets Available For Adoption  Patch

Pet food trend in Russia changes direction - All About Feed
Pet food trend in Russia changes direction  All About Feed

PHOTO GALLERY: Local Pets Take Center Stage at National Cherry Festival Kids Pet Show - 9 & 10 News - 9&10 News
PHOTO GALLERY: Local Pets Take Center Stage at National Cherry Festival Kids Pet Show - 9 & 10 News  9&10 News

Pets are being given up as Florida owners struggle to pay bills - WJXT News4JAX
Pets are being given up as Florida owners struggle to pay bills  WJXT News4JAX

Best pet carrier backpack - KXAN.com
Best pet carrier backpack  KXAN.com

Twin Ports non-profit offering pet foster homes for owners experiencing crisis - KBJR 6
Twin Ports non-profit offering pet foster homes for owners experiencing crisis  KBJR 6

Pet-entially Yours: Sadie - Channel3000.com - WISC-TV3
Pet-entially Yours: Sadie  Channel3000.com - WISC-TV3

As San Fernando Valley sees hotter days, officials explain how to get alerts and save pets if wildfire hits - LA Daily News
As San Fernando Valley sees hotter days, officials explain how to get alerts and save pets if wildfire hits  LA Daily News

Adorable & Adoptable–Pets of the Week: Afton, Blue, & Soulsby - SweetwaterNOW
Adorable & Adoptable–Pets of the Week: Afton, Blue, & Soulsby  SweetwaterNOW

Adoption event happening all of July due to shelter overcrowding - Detroit Free Press
Adoption event happening all of July due to shelter overcrowding  Detroit Free Press

Pet Posse Codes For July 2022 - TheGamer
Pet Posse Codes For July 2022  TheGamer

Pets in Need SoMD Dog of the Week: - The Southern Maryland Chronicle
Pets in Need SoMD Dog of the Week:  The Southern Maryland Chronicle

Pets of the Week Include People-Loving Dogs That Need Homes - kool1079.com
Pets of the Week Include People-Loving Dogs That Need Homes  kool1079.com

Montgomery County Animal Shelter at critical capacity, waiving adoption fees on all pets - KPRC Click2Houston
Montgomery County Animal Shelter at critical capacity, waiving adoption fees on all pets  KPRC Click2Houston

7 pet-friendly spots in NYC recommended by Bernadette Peters - Time Out
7 pet-friendly spots in NYC recommended by Bernadette Peters  Time Out

Flying with pets? CBD can help - GreenState
Flying with pets? CBD can help  GreenState

Animal rescuers race to reach pets, livestock stranded in Sydney floods - ABC News
Animal rescuers race to reach pets, livestock stranded in Sydney floods  ABC News

4 pets killed in South Abilene house fire on 4th of July - KTAB - BigCountryHomepage.com
4 pets killed in South Abilene house fire on 4th of July  KTAB - BigCountryHomepage.com

Pet Wearable Market worth US$ 4.32 Bn by 2031 - EIN News
Pet Wearable Market worth US$ 4.32 Bn by 2031  EIN News

Campaigners Working to Reunite Stolen Pets Being Sold at Yulin Dog Meat Festival With Their Families - One Green Planet
Campaigners Working to Reunite Stolen Pets Being Sold at Yulin Dog Meat Festival With Their Families  One Green Planet

PHOTOS: Take a look at these pets in the Albany community - The Albany Herald
PHOTOS: Take a look at these pets in the Albany community  The Albany Herald

Louisville Metro Animal Services avoids euthanizing adoptable pets - Courier Journal
Louisville Metro Animal Services avoids euthanizing adoptable pets  Courier Journal

GUEST COLUMN: Keep public's pet selection options open – The Daily Gazette - The Daily Gazette
GUEST COLUMN: Keep public's pet selection options open – The Daily Gazette  The Daily Gazette

🌱 Sachem Daily: Local Job Openings + Pets Available For Adoption - Patch
🌱 Sachem Daily: Local Job Openings + Pets Available For Adoption  Patch

Pets on paracetamol: animals at risk as owners struggle with vet bills - The Guardian
Pets on paracetamol: animals at risk as owners struggle with vet bills  The Guardian

Amazon Prime Day Hasn't Even Started, but We Found 40 Incredible Deals for Pets — Up to 66% Off - PEOPLE
Amazon Prime Day Hasn't Even Started, but We Found 40 Incredible Deals for Pets — Up to 66% Off  PEOPLE

10 Best Chewy Blue Box Event Pet Deals (2022): Cat and Dog Supplies - WIRED
10 Best Chewy Blue Box Event Pet Deals (2022): Cat and Dog Supplies  WIRED

Do You Know How to Keep Your Pets Safe During a Disaster? - FEMA
Do You Know How to Keep Your Pets Safe During a Disaster?  FEMA

Adoptable Pets in St. Petersburg - The Gabber Newspaper
Adoptable Pets in St. Petersburg  The Gabber Newspaper

How pets give your kids a brain boost - BBC
How pets give your kids a brain boost  BBC

How to Block Fireworks Noise for Adults, Kids, and Pets - The New York Times
How to Block Fireworks Noise for Adults, Kids, and Pets  The New York Times

Pets of the week – Chicago Tribune - Chicago Tribune
Pets of the week – Chicago Tribune  Chicago Tribune

Animal shelter to NRA and gun restriction foes: No pets for you - NBC News
Animal shelter to NRA and gun restriction foes: No pets for you  NBC News

The best pets of 2022 (so far) - Mashable
The best pets of 2022 (so far)  Mashable

Pets of the Week - Meet Ladybug & Rookie - City of Arlington
Pets of the Week - Meet Ladybug & Rookie  City of Arlington

Packed Bay Area Animal Shelters Need Help Finding Homes for Pets - NBC Bay Area
Packed Bay Area Animal Shelters Need Help Finding Homes for Pets  NBC Bay Area

Talking pets and parasites with U of M - UMN News
Talking pets and parasites with U of M  UMN News

Pets Plus Us Pet Insurance Review 2022 - Investopedia
Pets Plus Us Pet Insurance Review 2022  Investopedia

As people surrender pets they can't always afford, Alaska's shelters struggle to house them - Anchorage Daily News
As people surrender pets they can't always afford, Alaska's shelters struggle to house them  Anchorage Daily News

Monroe County Animal Control features its Pets of the Week - Monroe Evening News
Monroe County Animal Control features its Pets of the Week  Monroe Evening News

Seattle Has the Cutest Shop Pets—Here's Proof - Seattle Met
Seattle Has the Cutest Shop Pets—Here's Proof  Seattle Met

NY pet stores fear bill banning animal sales would put them out of business - Spectrum News
NY pet stores fear bill banning animal sales would put them out of business  Spectrum News

Pets for adoption locally | Home + Life + Health | tucson.com - Arizona Daily Star
Pets for adoption locally | Home + Life + Health | tucson.com  Arizona Daily Star

Animal shelters face overcrowding as more people turnover their pets - Dayton 24/7 Now
Animal shelters face overcrowding as more people turnover their pets  Dayton 24/7 Now

Pets of the Week, Meet the Coffee kittens - Fort Leavenworth Lamp
Pets of the Week, Meet the Coffee kittens  Fort Leavenworth Lamp

Ready to save a life? Here’s why fostering animals is a ‘critical component’ for local shelters - WJXT News4JAX
Ready to save a life? Here’s why fostering animals is a ‘critical component’ for local shelters  WJXT News4JAX

The Pandemic Pet Boom Has Legs - WSJ - The Wall Street Journal
The Pandemic Pet Boom Has Legs - WSJ  The Wall Street Journal

Petlibro's Wi-Fi-Enabled Automatic Feeder Helps You Monitor Pets - Bustle
Petlibro's Wi-Fi-Enabled Automatic Feeder Helps You Monitor Pets  Bustle

Pets can boost your brain power, study says - CNN
Pets can boost your brain power, study says  CNN

How to prepare for a smooth PCS with your pets - United States Army
How to prepare for a smooth PCS with your pets  United States Army

Prepare for Your Pets this Hurricane Season - American Humane
Prepare for Your Pets this Hurricane Season  American Humane

Pet-friendly recreation - Michigan (.gov)
Pet-friendly recreation  Michigan (.gov)

Research on the pet-human bond has boomed in the pandemic. Here's what studies found - CNN
Research on the pet-human bond has boomed in the pandemic. Here's what studies found  CNN

20 Chewy pet items our readers can’t get enough of - CNN Underscored
20 Chewy pet items our readers can’t get enough of  CNN Underscored

Playing for Pets is Thursday and Friday - SIU News
Playing for Pets is Thursday and Friday  SIU News

Can Pets Monkeypox? Experts Explain Risk to Dogs, Cats and Other Animals - TODAY
Can Pets Monkeypox? Experts Explain Risk to Dogs, Cats and Other Animals  TODAY

Why Should Kids Have Pets: 8 Evidence-Based Reasons - PsychCentral.com
Why Should Kids Have Pets: 8 Evidence-Based Reasons  PsychCentral.com

Editors’ picks: 27 pet products we’ve tried and absolutely love - CNN Underscored
Editors’ picks: 27 pet products we’ve tried and absolutely love  CNN Underscored

Clarksville Area Pets of the Week for April 18th, 2022 - Clarksville Online
Clarksville Area Pets of the Week for April 18th, 2022  Clarksville Online

National Pet Day: Here are the most searched pets (besides cats and dogs) in Ohio, KY - The Cincinnati Enquirer
National Pet Day: Here are the most searched pets (besides cats and dogs) in Ohio, KY  The Cincinnati Enquirer

Best Air Purifiers for Pets of 2022 | US News - U.S. News & World Report
Best Air Purifiers for Pets of 2022 | US News  U.S. News & World Report

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