OfficeJax Pet Information center

 
      Pet News, Pet Care, Pet Training, Pet Supplies, cat pictures, dog pictures, pet pictures

Advertising | Affiliate revenue sharing  |  Auctions  |   Best Tips and Home Remedies   |  Blogging  |  Crafts & Hobbies  |  Currency Trading  |  mesothelioma lung cancer and asbestos |  Mortgage and refinance |  Pets  |  Web Site design 

We would like to thank the local libraries, schools, and universities for recommending students to visit us when doing research on any of our information topics.
 Please check back frequently as new topics are added and current topics are updated daily.

 

              

pet care information from the pet information channel search the pet information channel for free online ebooks tips news reports do it yourself how to articles and remedies Pet Information Channel DIRECTORY OF TOPICS & ARTICLES pet care information from the pet information channel

Place your TextLink AD here free

Pet Ear Infections


Is your dog or cat tormented by ear infections? Do you spend time and money at the veterinarian's office trying to bring relief to your beloved pet, only to find that another infection appears over time? If so, you may want to try some more natural approaches to preventing and treating your pet's ear infections.

Dogs and cats have an incredible sense of hearing. To protect their hearing and prevent damage to the ear drum, their ear canals are L-shaped. The problem with this design is that it allows the ears to trap parasites, moisture, debris, and earwax, and any of these can lead to ear infections. Up to 80 percent of ear problems in dogs are linked to allergies, and ear mites are often the cause of infection in cats.

The traditional treatment for ear infections is to give antibiotics, antifungal medications or other drugs. The problem with this approach is that drugs upset the normal chemistry inside the ear and can possibly turn a simple infection into a long-term problem. It makes more sense to deal with underlying allergies and strengthen the immune system so that it is able to fight bacteria and other germs BEFORE they cause infection. Also, there are many natural treatments for cleaning the ears and stopping infections without using drugs.

These are the Signs of an Ear Infection:

*Pet shakes head or holds it to one side.

*Pet scratches or rubs ears, or rubs head against furniture or carpet.

*There is a yellow, brown or black discharge in one or both ears.

*Ears smell bad or are tender or red.

The Solutions

*Clean the ears with vinegar - If your pet's ears are filled with brownish-pink wax, there is a good chance that allergies have caused a yeast infection. To clear up yeast infections, clean the ears thoroughly. Veterinarians often recommend using white vinegar, also called acetic acid, because it removes dirt and debris and helps restore a healthy chemical balance in the ears.

Diluted vinegar works well. When using vinegar, pour a small amount into the ear canal, massage the area, then gently wipe the inside of the ear with a cotton ball. Do this once a day until the ear is better.

*Stop infections with pau d'arco - The herb pau d'arco, which comes from the inner bark of a South American tree, is a natural antibiotic that quickly kills fungi and bacteria. At the first sign of infection, mix equal parts pau d'arco tincture and mineral oil and put several drops in your pet's ears. Give the drops two or three times a day for several days.

*Reduce inflammation with vitamin C - The adrenal glands produce a natural steroid that can help reduce inflammation when ears get infected. Giving pets vitamin C can help the adrenal glands work more efficiently. Pets weighing under 15 pounds can take between 100 and 250 milligrams of vitamin C a day. Cats and dogs 15 to 50 pounds can take 250 to 500 milligrams a day, and larger dogs can take 500 milligrams two or three times a day. Vitamin C can cause diarrhea, so you may have to cut back the dose until you find an amount that your pet will tolerate.

*Eliminate toxins with a healthy, all natural diet - Giving your pet a healthy, homemade diet or high quality commercial food that doesn't contain corn, additives or preservatives can greatly reduce the amount of wax that the ears produce, while also helping to boost the immune system.

*Air out the ears - Increasing air circulation inside the ears can control the growth of bacteria, yeast and fungi. Trim or pluck hair inside the ears periodically to allow more air to get inside.

*Strengthen the digestive tract - Supplements such as bromelain and quercetin (with bromelain) can help prevent an allergic response in the gastrointestinal tract, making food allergies less of a problem.

*Stop ear mites with oil - When an infection is caused by ear mites, putting a few drops of almond oil or olive oil in each ear will smother the mites and may allow the infection to heal. You usually need to continue the oil treatments for three to four weeks, putting three to seven drops of oil into the ear canals each day. To help the treatment work more efficiently, clean wax and other debris from the ears before using oil.

*Try an over-the-counter remedy - One of the best ways to stop ear mites is with over-the-counter products containing pyrethrins. Made from chrysanthemums, pyrethrins are natural insecticides that are very safe to use. Just follow the instructions on the label.

When to Call the Vet

Ear infections can look and smell awful, but they usually affect only the outer part of the ear and aren't too serious. If you're unable to get to the source of the problem (especially if your pet is still scratching a lot), you will want to see your veterinarian to find out what is causing the problem. Vigorous scratching can break blood vessels in the earflap, causing the entire ear to swell like a balloon. This condition is called hematoma and must be drained by a veterinarian to prevent permanent damage.

Other symptoms to watch out for include head tilting, clumsiness, walking in circles or drooping eyes. These are signs of an inner-ear infection, and must be treated by a vet. Your pet will probably need antibiotics to knock out the infection. In addition, your vet may need to drain pus and other fluids from inside the ear!

Deena Caruso, author, teacher, & distributor of natural pet products Helps pet owners create healthy, happy pets. To receive FREE "Pet Pointers" Newsletter, go to: http://www.healthyfoodforpets.com [email protected] Ph: 760/758-7963, 877/877-0665


TODAYS NEWS BY OFFICEJAX FREE ADVERTISING AND AD EXCHANGE SOLUTIONSMORE PETS INFORMATION RESOURCES updated Mon. March / 01 / 2021

Horse farm in Scottsdale will soon be "dog hotel" for pets belonging to homeless - AZFamily
Horse farm in Scottsdale will soon be "dog hotel" for pets belonging to homeless  AZFamily

Speaking of Pets: Keep these toxic household items away from your cats - Vail Daily News
Speaking of Pets: Keep these toxic household items away from your cats  Vail Daily News

Longmont father-son duo take to skies to rescue homeless pets - Longmont Times-Call
Longmont father-son duo take to skies to rescue homeless pets  Longmont Times-Call

Animal Cares: Training With Love | Pets | caledonianrecord.com - Caledonian Record
Animal Cares: Training With Love | Pets | caledonianrecord.com  Caledonian Record

The Simpsons: All 23 Simpson Family Pets Explained | Screen Rant - Screen Rant
The Simpsons: All 23 Simpson Family Pets Explained | Screen Rant  Screen Rant

Regina King's Dog And More Pets Crashed The Golden Globes And It Improved The Show - CinemaBlend
Regina King's Dog And More Pets Crashed The Golden Globes And It Improved The Show  CinemaBlend

Pet hospice services help manage pain, anxiety and tough decisions in final days - ABC27
Pet hospice services help manage pain, anxiety and tough decisions in final days  ABC27

'Nobody forgot the animals': How Austin put lost, rescued pets before themselves in a crisis - Austin American-Statesman
'Nobody forgot the animals': How Austin put lost, rescued pets before themselves in a crisis  Austin American-Statesman

Poison Prevention Awareness Month: When to sound the alarm for pet poisoning - WRGB
Poison Prevention Awareness Month: When to sound the alarm for pet poisoning  WRGB

Pets, plants still in recovery after winter storm - Denton Record Chronicle
Pets, plants still in recovery after winter storm  Denton Record Chronicle

Prepping for pet separation anxiety after quarantine - OnMilwaukee.com
Prepping for pet separation anxiety after quarantine  OnMilwaukee.com

PETS OF THE WEEK | Lifestyle | djournal.com - Northeast Mississippi Daily Journal
PETS OF THE WEEK | Lifestyle | djournal.com  Northeast Mississippi Daily Journal

How heartworm affects household pets - Santa Clarita Valley Signal
How heartworm affects household pets  Santa Clarita Valley Signal

Pivoting to pet-friendly: Report by foundation supports rental properties allowing animals - The Spokesman-Review
Pivoting to pet-friendly: Report by foundation supports rental properties allowing animals  The Spokesman-Review

Caring for disabled pets: balancing medicine and compassion - DVM 360
Caring for disabled pets: balancing medicine and compassion  DVM 360

Dr. Maro: How to prevent pet emergencies - The Times
Dr. Maro: How to prevent pet emergencies  The Times

Here’s an idea: disaster planning for pets - WWNY
Here’s an idea: disaster planning for pets  WWNY

Pets of the week: A couple sweet, shy cats - Duluth News Tribune
Pets of the week: A couple sweet, shy cats  Duluth News Tribune

Airbnb Reveals Top Pet-Friendly Stays Around The World - Forbes
Airbnb Reveals Top Pet-Friendly Stays Around The World  Forbes

Regina King, Sarah Paulson and More Stars With Their Pets at the 2021 Golden Globes - Us Weekly
Regina King, Sarah Paulson and More Stars With Their Pets at the 2021 Golden Globes  Us Weekly

Around Town: Fire crew buys guinea pig for family who lost pets in garage fire - Palo Alto Online
Around Town: Fire crew buys guinea pig for family who lost pets in garage fire  Palo Alto Online

Miley Cyrus Tattoos: How the Singer Honors Her Pets With Her Ink - Showbiz Cheat Sheet
Miley Cyrus Tattoos: How the Singer Honors Her Pets With Her Ink  Showbiz Cheat Sheet

Scooby's Big Adventure: When pets go missing, who you gonna call? - Lewiston Sun Journal
Scooby's Big Adventure: When pets go missing, who you gonna call?  Lewiston Sun Journal

Adoptable pets in Tucson | Pets | tucson.com - Arizona Daily Star
Adoptable pets in Tucson | Pets | tucson.com  Arizona Daily Star

22 Truly Low-Maintenance Pets Because a Dog Is Out of the Question - Yahoo Lifestyle
22 Truly Low-Maintenance Pets Because a Dog Is Out of the Question  Yahoo Lifestyle

The Golden Globes’ Hottest Accessory This Year: Pets - Refinery29
The Golden Globes’ Hottest Accessory This Year: Pets  Refinery29

Bear and Clancy are a couple of the pets up for adoption in Saturday’s Tails and Paws - WJHL-TV News Channel 11
Bear and Clancy are a couple of the pets up for adoption in Saturday’s Tails and Paws  WJHL-TV News Channel 11

5 situations in which pets can be used for tax breaks - KSAT San Antonio
5 situations in which pets can be used for tax breaks  KSAT San Antonio

Pet food shortage is causing an effect on local animal shelters and stores - WFXRtv.com
Pet food shortage is causing an effect on local animal shelters and stores  WFXRtv.com

FWC approves ban on keeping invasive species as pets - Wink News - Wink News
FWC approves ban on keeping invasive species as pets - Wink News  Wink News

100 Texas pets coming to Massachusetts for adoption | Local News | gloucestertimes.com - Gloucester Daily Times
100 Texas pets coming to Massachusetts for adoption | Local News | gloucestertimes.com  Gloucester Daily Times

New Geauga County program helps keep pets in their home - WKYC.com
New Geauga County program helps keep pets in their home  WKYC.com

Sensa is ready to jump in the car and join you on your adventures - Stockton Record
Sensa is ready to jump in the car and join you on your adventures  Stockton Record

ICYMI: LI Animal Shelter Heads To Texas To Help Pets - Patch.com
ICYMI: LI Animal Shelter Heads To Texas To Help Pets  Patch.com

UK's Pets At Home sees FY profit ahead of expectations - Reuters
UK's Pets At Home sees FY profit ahead of expectations  Reuters

Cat food donations needed to feed local pets - newschannel20.com
Cat food donations needed to feed local pets  newschannel20.com

Pets with Potential: Meet Fernando - WCAX
Pets with Potential: Meet Fernando  WCAX

Dr. Fox: Cat constipation concerns | Pets | journalnow.com - Winston-Salem Journal
Dr. Fox: Cat constipation concerns | Pets | journalnow.com  Winston-Salem Journal

FOTAS: Fostering Aiken County shelter pets brings joy - Charleston Post Courier
FOTAS: Fostering Aiken County shelter pets brings joy  Charleston Post Courier

Integrative Pet Vet column: Cats and digestive disorders - Glenwood Springs Post Independent
Integrative Pet Vet column: Cats and digestive disorders  Glenwood Springs Post Independent

No Man’s Sky’s new pets are already causing chaos - Polygon
No Man’s Sky’s new pets are already causing chaos  Polygon

WATCH: Pets in Colorado have a snow day - 9News.com KUSA
WATCH: Pets in Colorado have a snow day  9News.com KUSA

Pet Adoptions Quell COVID-19 Isolation | News, Sports, Jobs - Wheeling Intelligencer
Pet Adoptions Quell COVID-19 Isolation | News, Sports, Jobs  Wheeling Intelligencer

People Will Look Like Their Pets in Alexandria - Virginia Connection Newspapers
People Will Look Like Their Pets in Alexandria  Virginia Connection Newspapers

Looking for a home: Adoptable pets in Lane County - The Register-Guard
Looking for a home: Adoptable pets in Lane County  The Register-Guard

Special Food Drive Making Sure Our Four-Legged Friends Don't Go Hungry - Bay News 9
Special Food Drive Making Sure Our Four-Legged Friends Don't Go Hungry  Bay News 9

Steve Dale’s Pet World 2/28/2021 | All things pet birds, do dogs really love us, and more - WGN Radio - Chicago
Steve Dale’s Pet World 2/28/2021 | All things pet birds, do dogs really love us, and more  WGN Radio - Chicago

House in east Sioux Falls catches fire, 2 pets killed - Argus Leader
House in east Sioux Falls catches fire, 2 pets killed  Argus Leader

Animal Justice Party calls for family violence law reform to help victims and their pets - ABC News
Animal Justice Party calls for family violence law reform to help victims and their pets  ABC News

Galveston Island Humane Society pets of the week - Galveston County Daily News
Galveston Island Humane Society pets of the week  Galveston County Daily News

Animal Tales: Pet food pantry coming to a town near you - Lewiston Sun Journal
Animal Tales: Pet food pantry coming to a town near you  Lewiston Sun Journal

Who knew? Surprising places that welcome pets - Buffalo News
Who knew? Surprising places that welcome pets  Buffalo News

Prestige Pet Peacocking Enters a New Phase. Is Your Dog Ready for Its Close-Up? - TownandCountrymag.com
Prestige Pet Peacocking Enters a New Phase. Is Your Dog Ready for Its Close-Up?  TownandCountrymag.com

Kids, Partners, Pets and More of the Cutest 'Dates' at the 2021 Golden Globe Awards - Yahoo Entertainment
Kids, Partners, Pets and More of the Cutest 'Dates' at the 2021 Golden Globe Awards  Yahoo Entertainment

Young-Williams Pet of the Week: Flossie Mae - WATE 6 On Your Side
Young-Williams Pet of the Week: Flossie Mae  WATE 6 On Your Side

Tampa Bay area pets looking for forever homes - Tampa Bay Times
Tampa Bay area pets looking for forever homes  Tampa Bay Times

That's My Pet | Lifestyles | elkvalleytimes.com - Elk Valley Times
That's My Pet | Lifestyles | elkvalleytimes.com  Elk Valley Times

Sask. family owns more than 30 pets, including a goat and pot-bellied pig - CBC.ca
Sask. family owns more than 30 pets, including a goat and pot-bellied pig  CBC.ca

All the Presidents' Pets - Today.com - Today.com - Today.com
All the Presidents' Pets - Today.com - Today.com  Today.com

These adorable pets are looking for a forever home: Feb. 27-28 - SILive.com
These adorable pets are looking for a forever home: Feb. 27-28  SILive.com

Panic-buying for pandemic puppies is just part of the reason for petfood shortage - NJ.com
Panic-buying for pandemic puppies is just part of the reason for petfood shortage  NJ.com

City holding monthly pet vaccine clinic next weekend - KGET 17
City holding monthly pet vaccine clinic next weekend  KGET 17

Pets are helping us cope during the pandemic—but that may be stressing them out - National Geographic
Pets are helping us cope during the pandemic—but that may be stressing them out  National Geographic

11 best Valentine's Day gifts for your pets in 2021 - NBC News
11 best Valentine's Day gifts for your pets in 2021  NBC News

10 Trendy Houseplants That are Safe for Pets, According to Experts - BobVila.com
10 Trendy Houseplants That are Safe for Pets, According to Experts  BobVila.com

Protecting Your Pets From The Cold - WZZM13.com
Protecting Your Pets From The Cold  WZZM13.com

Pets on 2: Pet Helpers – Ike - WCBD News 2
Pets on 2: Pet Helpers – Ike  WCBD News 2

The Most Popular Pet Name of the Century (Maybe) - The New York Times
The Most Popular Pet Name of the Century (Maybe)  The New York Times

The 'Can You Pet The Dog' Twitter account is having a big impact - The Washington Post
The 'Can You Pet The Dog' Twitter account is having a big impact  The Washington Post

Latest PETA implores people to stop calling their animals 'pets' as it's derogatory - Talk Radio 1210 WPHT
Latest PETA implores people to stop calling their animals 'pets' as it's derogatory  Talk Radio 1210 WPHT

Pet Scene: Summit County's adoptable pets for the week of Feb. 28 - Summit Daily News
Pet Scene: Summit County's adoptable pets for the week of Feb. 28  Summit Daily News

Pet Scene: Summit County's adoptable pets for the week of Feb. 21, 2021 - Summit Daily News
Pet Scene: Summit County's adoptable pets for the week of Feb. 21, 2021  Summit Daily News

41 best products of the past year, according to 40,000 Americans - NBC News
41 best products of the past year, according to 40,000 Americans  NBC News

Every Among Us Pet Ranked From Cute To Sus | Screen Rant - Screen Rant
Every Among Us Pet Ranked From Cute To Sus | Screen Rant  Screen Rant

N.J. pets in need: Feb. 22, 2021 - nj.com
N.J. pets in need: Feb. 22, 2021  nj.com

Betty White, furry friends star in 50-year-old 'Pet Set' - Associated Press
Betty White, furry friends star in 50-year-old 'Pet Set'  Associated Press

7 in 10 pet owners say they wouldn't have 'survived' 2020 without their animal companion - Fox News
7 in 10 pet owners say they wouldn't have 'survived' 2020 without their animal companion  Fox News

America's 10 Best States for Pet Lovers - TravelPulse
America's 10 Best States for Pet Lovers  TravelPulse

Poshmark enters into the pet category - Retail Dive
Poshmark enters into the pet category  Retail Dive

My Fuzzy Valentine: 10 Gifts for Pets That Show Your Love - AARP
My Fuzzy Valentine: 10 Gifts for Pets That Show Your Love  AARP

Don’t forget, pets are ‘very much at risk’ in cold weather, officials say - MLive.com
Don’t forget, pets are ‘very much at risk’ in cold weather, officials say  MLive.com

Rocky from Fairmont currently in 1st place in America’s Favorite Pet contest - WBOY.com
Rocky from Fairmont currently in 1st place in America’s Favorite Pet contest  WBOY.com

Austin Pets Alive seeks supplies, donations to keep furry friends warm amid winter freeze - Austin American-Statesman
Austin Pets Alive seeks supplies, donations to keep furry friends warm amid winter freeze  Austin American-Statesman

Time is ticking for pet owners looking for animals lost in winter storm last week - KSAT San Antonio
Time is ticking for pet owners looking for animals lost in winter storm last week  KSAT San Antonio

In Praise of Positive Reinforcement for Your Pets - WIRED
In Praise of Positive Reinforcement for Your Pets  WIRED

Pets of the week: Two sweet cats and a puppy need new homes - MLive.com
Pets of the week: Two sweet cats and a puppy need new homes  MLive.com

Huntsville ordinance pushes to protect pets during freezing temps - WAFF
Huntsville ordinance pushes to protect pets during freezing temps  WAFF

Opinion | Will Anything Stop Putin’s Pet Project? - The New York Times
Opinion | Will Anything Stop Putin’s Pet Project?  The New York Times

Shop the most popular picks for your pet from Chewy - GMA
Shop the most popular picks for your pet from Chewy  GMA

No bad dogs? Pet owner's personality can affect canine training success, study finds - NBC News
No bad dogs? Pet owner's personality can affect canine training success, study finds  NBC News

Pet shops left behind as Amazon, Chewy reap benefits from adoption surge - Fox Business
Pet shops left behind as Amazon, Chewy reap benefits from adoption surge  Fox Business

Improving PET scans are good news for doctors and patients alike - Harvard Health Blog - Harvard Health
Improving PET scans are good news for doctors and patients alike - Harvard Health Blog  Harvard Health

Small pet turtles linked to Pennsylvania salmonella outbreak - TribLIVE
Small pet turtles linked to Pennsylvania salmonella outbreak  TribLIVE

Ice storm warning prompts Code Blue for pets in Berks - 69News WFMZ-TV
Ice storm warning prompts Code Blue for pets in Berks  69News WFMZ-TV

Online pet retail giant Chewy plans to hire several hundred at new Seattle-area office - GeekWire
Online pet retail giant Chewy plans to hire several hundred at new Seattle-area office  GeekWire

100 Animals Dead After Fire Erupts Inside Indianapolis Pet Store - PEOPLE
100 Animals Dead After Fire Erupts Inside Indianapolis Pet Store  PEOPLE

'Jerk cat' made famous by brutally honest Akron pet rescue social media post finds a home - WKYC.com
'Jerk cat' made famous by brutally honest Akron pet rescue social media post finds a home  WKYC.com

3 Experts Explain When (And Why) We Should Throw Out Our Pet's Toys - Yahoo Lifestyle
3 Experts Explain When (And Why) We Should Throw Out Our Pet's Toys  Yahoo Lifestyle

Woman steals tortoise from pet store, Elyria police say - Cleveland 19 News
Woman steals tortoise from pet store, Elyria police say  Cleveland 19 News

Happy National Love Your Pet Day! Help us celebrate by sharing a photo - KXLY Spokane
Happy National Love Your Pet Day! Help us celebrate by sharing a photo  KXLY Spokane

akron pet suppliesThe Animal Rescue Site needs your clicks to help support their endeavors
 visiting just one sponsor per day feeds an animal for one day. Thank you!

Get on board the TrafficTrain Click Here for Free Traffic! Get Your site listed in 2 Mins! visit and join each ad offer to include your ad on the TrafficTrain

Surplus Overstock and used PET SUPPLIES

university of akron university housing available

 

Find used office equipment in Ohio at www.OfficeJax.Has.It

Find the best fleamarkets at www.FleaMarketWorld.Has.It

www.Akron.Has.It

Find electric powered vehicles at www.NoGas.Drives.It

Akron City directory

Anonymous and Confidential U.S. Mail Drops - No ID Required reship worldwide

Katrina's pet sitting and house sitting services Akron Ohio

Free Automatic Link Exchange

Flea Market World

Find homes for rent
in Akron Ohio
www.homes4rent.has.it

Closeouts
www.close-outs.info

 

Northwest Veterinary Practice Tallmadge, Ohio

 

 

officejax surplus office furniture outlet Akron, ohio

[Back to Top]

 

Click here to
OfficeJax free ad space available here

auction news and listings for Akron, Ohio

Akron crafts and hobby news center

Akron currency trading

Akron Ohio pet news

The Akron blogging news center

Akron Ohio web site design news

Akron Mortgaging and refinancing

Advertising and promotions Akron, Ohio

 

HOME | SITE MAP
© 2012 - 2021 All Rights Reserved

Improve your web site pagerank
 automaticaly with HitsSurfer

free pagerank checker and seo evaluation tools 

akron ohio pet supply pet store littlest pet shop pet store supply pet shop adoption pet insurance pet grooming pet pet virtual pet services pet shop groomers pet care pet medication pet adopt pet food pet product cemetery pet sale health pet animal pet bed pet carrier pet name pet door pet nutrition pet wonder general pet memorial pet scan boarding grooming pet teacher pet plus supply gate pet friendly hotel pet exotic pet medicine pet discount pet sound pet tag dog pet supply wholesale pet hotel pet rescue bird pet sitter pet boarding pet online pet store boarding pet sitting pet care salt water aquariums fresh water aquariums pet health pet meds pet classifieds pet id pet tag dog free pet puppy pet loss pet related services animal pet rabbit pet turtle pet sex little pet shop exotic pet store dubai pet travel pet place own pet services sitting flea dip pet pharmacy food natural pet products pet training pet shelter pet finder animals pet rat clothes pet pet stroller pet shampoos health insurance pet fish pet lost pet grooming mobile pet banfield hospital pet hospitals free pet stuff pet finder pet supermarket pets allowed pet kennel pet contest pet photo free pet online pet edge pet grooming pet cat pet holistic veterinarian pet care for your pet sitting eye nose ears pet finder dog clothing Westminster dog show online pet store dog eating feces? bad dog behavior problems? puppies for sale Westminster kennel dog itchy itchyitchydog baghdad dog insider dog training tips remedies report reviews recommended procedures