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How To Grow Daphnia For The Aquarium


The benefits of feeding live food to fish in a community tank are many: live food will improve vigor and color, and more closely resemble the food found in the fish's natural habitat. Live food is easily obtained.

Some drawbacks include the transmission of diseases or parasites to the aquarium, it is time consuming to maintain the cultures, and a lot of space needs to be devoted to raising live foods. The cost of equipment and supplies needed to maintain cultures is also a consideration for the beginner.

In this article I will discuss how to raise Daphnia. This article will be part of an on-going series on live foods. You can find many more related pet articles from the pet information channel: at http://www.kingdiscus.com.

Daphnia belong to a group known as the Daphniidae, and are close relatives of the freshwater shrimp, and the brine shrimp (Artemia). Their generic name is generally referred to as "water flea." This common name is derived from the jerky movements of Daphnia in the water. The over 150 different species can be found in North America, with a similar amount of species growing in Europe. Some of these species find common ground on both continents.

Daphnia are a small crustacean, and are great to use as a fresh food because they will exist in the tank water until eaten by the fish. Daphnia can also be sterilized if it is felt necessary by placing in a 5% solution of Clorox for 3 to 5 minutes. Very few micro-organisms can survive this. Be sure, however, to rinse them thoroughly before feeding!

Daphnia can be raised both indoors and outside. Many people raise daphnia in a small children's wading pool. A more controlled environment, however, is done indoors, and can be done year round if one lives in northern climes. This can be as simple as a couple of two liter bottles, to a 20 gallon tub purchased from a store such as Menard's. The ideal situation is to have as much oxygenated surface area as possible, so if there is room for a larger container, by all means use it. A shallower environment suits daphnia best for prolific growth.

Setting up the environment for daphnia is quite simple. Many methods are used for collecting the water to use for the culture. The best advice I have heard is from Joe F. of Circle City Aquarium Club in Indianapolis, IN. He gave a presentation at the August meeting of Southwestern Michigan Aquarium Society, and recommends using tank water saved from a tank change. Joe has been raising live foods for a long time, and has had good success. His video presentation was top notch.

PH levels for successful Daphnia cultures should be in the range of 6-8, and should be more alkaline than acidic. If raised outdoors, no aeration is needed. If raised indoors, aeration should be adjusted to produce large bubbles. Small bubbles in the daphnia culture will cause the bubbles to become lodged in the carapace of the culture, and they will die.

Water temperatures for Daphnia magna are not a high requirement, but the optimal temperature should be in the 64-72 degree range. they are very tolerant to changes in temperature, and can withstand fluctuations down to freezing. In fact, Daphnia can be frozen and kept in the freezer, and then revived when needed. Moina withstand a higher fluctuation in temperature than do D. magna.

Lighting should be in the neighborhood of eight or more hours light per day and light intensity equal to or greater than 850 lux. A simple light and a timer can accomplish this indoors.

Feeding the Daphnia is where most aquarists fail. Daphnia feed on dissolved organic matter, yeast, various groups of bacteria, microalgae, and detritus, or mulm. Organic fertilizers, such as fresh cow manure. It is not recommended by our breeder, though, because of the antibiotics and supplements fed to dairy and beef cattle. A much better mixture is a combination of one tablespoon each of spirulina, soy flour, and active dry yeast, added to a pint of water. This mixture should be added so that the water is cloudy, but you are able to see the bottom clearly, and observe the Daphnia swimming in the culture. This mixture should be added carefully every two or three days, being careful not to over feed. At this time, you should see an abundance of Daphnia, and they can be harvested to feed your fish.

Harvesting is quite simple - simply use a small aquarium net, observing that the smaller Daphnia fall through the netting to grow further. In this way, the adults are harvested, and can be fed to your fish. The younger Daphnia can go on to produce still more fish food. Harvested Daphnia can be kept in the refrigerator for several days in clean water.

Daphnia are high in protein, and a very good diet for tropical fish. Some aquarists feed them exclusively. They provide up to 70% protein to your tropical fish, and are an excellent source of live food for the aquarium.

Much can be written on the culturing of Daphnia. This guide is only meant to help the beginner to live foods to establish a colony, and feed live food high in protein to their fish. A series of article on live foods is forthcoming, and can be viewed at http://www.kingdiscus.com.

Alden Smith is a published author, and has been marketing on the internet for 7 years. Read more articles at his website, King Discus, an active gathering place for discus breeders and lovers of discus fish. His wife Betsy is the administrator of All The Best Recipes a site rich in free online recipes and cookbooks.


TODAYS NEWS BY OFFICEJAX FREE ADVERTISING AND AD EXCHANGE SOLUTIONSMORE PETS INFORMATION RESOURCES updated Tue. August / 16 / 2022

Dog tests positive for monkeypox: CDC updates guidance on pets - Axios
  1. Dog tests positive for monkeypox: CDC updates guidance on pets  Axios
  2. Dog tests positive for monkeypox in first suspected human-to-pet transmission  The Hill
  3. How To Keep Your Pets Safe After Family Dog Found To Have Monkeypox  Kaiser Health News
  4. Monkeypox Confirmed in Pet Dog  WebMD
  5. Dog catches monkeypox in first reported human-to-pet transmission  Boing Boing
  6. View Full Coverage on Google News

The Best Carpet Cleaners For Pets That Make It Possible To Take Back Your Home - Forbes
The Best Carpet Cleaners For Pets That Make It Possible To Take Back Your Home  Forbes

Senate Passes Bipartisan Bill to Protect Pets and Other Animals During and After Natural Disasters - HS Today - HSToday
Senate Passes Bipartisan Bill to Protect Pets and Other Animals During and After Natural Disasters - HS Today  HSToday

Are Spotted Lanternflies safe for pets to eat? - WPMT FOX 43
Are Spotted Lanternflies safe for pets to eat?  WPMT FOX 43

A final resting place for people — and their pets - Star Tribune
A final resting place for people — and their pets  Star Tribune

Drew Barrymore Loves This Internet-Famous Waste Bag Holder That Makes it ‘So Easy’ to Clean Up After Pets - SheKnows
Drew Barrymore Loves This Internet-Famous Waste Bag Holder That Makes it ‘So Easy’ to Clean Up After Pets  SheKnows

These Seven Animals Are Illegal To Have As Pets In California - KFI AM 640
These Seven Animals Are Illegal To Have As Pets In California  KFI AM 640

League of Legends Is Adding Jungle Pets - ComicBook.com
League of Legends Is Adding Jungle Pets  ComicBook.com

7 Best Pet Insurance Companies in New Mexico (2022) - MarketWatch
7 Best Pet Insurance Companies in New Mexico (2022)  MarketWatch

Airlines are separating families, kids and pets on rebooked flights - The Washington Post
Airlines are separating families, kids and pets on rebooked flights  The Washington Post

4 pets rescued, 2 other pets die in Ocala apartment fire - FOX 35 Orlando
4 pets rescued, 2 other pets die in Ocala apartment fire  FOX 35 Orlando

House fire in Ames kills six family pets - Ames Tribune
House fire in Ames kills six family pets  Ames Tribune

UK rising cost of living forcing Britons to part ways with pets - Fox Business
UK rising cost of living forcing Britons to part ways with pets  Fox Business

Brookhaven residents can adopt pets at no charge - Reporter Newspapers
Brookhaven residents can adopt pets at no charge  Reporter Newspapers

Clarksville Area Pets of the Week for August 15th, 2022 - Clarksville Online
Clarksville Area Pets of the Week for August 15th, 2022  Clarksville Online

42% Of Pet Owners Can't Cover A Surprise Vet Bill Amid Inflation - Forbes
42% Of Pet Owners Can't Cover A Surprise Vet Bill Amid Inflation  Forbes

Exotic pets first brought monkeypox to the U.S., and 19 years later, we still barely regulate them - San Francisco Chronicle
Exotic pets first brought monkeypox to the U.S., and 19 years later, we still barely regulate them  San Francisco Chronicle

Danville Fire Department gets new masks for pets - WDBJ
Danville Fire Department gets new masks for pets  WDBJ

Schuyler County SPCA ‘overwhelmed’ with pets; asking for adoptions or donations - WETM - MyTwinTiers.com
Schuyler County SPCA ‘overwhelmed’ with pets; asking for adoptions or donations  WETM - MyTwinTiers.com

Ellie’s Rainy Day Fund helps families, pets - Dayton Daily News
Ellie’s Rainy Day Fund helps families, pets  Dayton Daily News

Pets in the Metaverse: Can Technology Put an End to Overflowing Animal Shelters? - Sentient Media
Pets in the Metaverse: Can Technology Put an End to Overflowing Animal Shelters?  Sentient Media

Wellness tips all pet parents should know - KMPH Fox 26
Wellness tips all pet parents should know  KMPH Fox 26

Animal shelter urges owners to vaccinate pets amid uptick in diseases - WANE
Animal shelter urges owners to vaccinate pets amid uptick in diseases  WANE

Neighbor warns after suspecting coyotes for missing pets - News3LV
Neighbor warns after suspecting coyotes for missing pets  News3LV

‘Bullet Train’ & ‘Super-Pets’ Lick $100M+ Worldwide; ‘Minions’ Nears $800M – International Box Office - Deadline
‘Bullet Train’ & ‘Super-Pets’ Lick $100M+ Worldwide; ‘Minions’ Nears $800M – International Box Office  Deadline

Animal care sanctuary adopts record-setting 22 pets during event - Morning Times
Animal care sanctuary adopts record-setting 22 pets during event  Morning Times

Molly Maid® Launches Contest to Find the Nation's Messiest Kids and Pets - PR Newswire
Molly Maid® Launches Contest to Find the Nation's Messiest Kids and Pets  PR Newswire

Stockton readers send in pets, wildlife for August photo challenge - Stockton Record
Stockton readers send in pets, wildlife for August photo challenge  Stockton Record

Audubon park hosts pet hike - Eyewitness News (WEHT/WTVW)
Audubon park hosts pet hike  Eyewitness News (WEHT/WTVW)

As court case closes, Pets In Need opens up about revamped protocols - Mountain View Voice
As court case closes, Pets In Need opens up about revamped protocols  Mountain View Voice

Florida Gators, Florida Credit Union Launch “Pet of the Game” During Football Season to Benefit Humane Society of North Central Florida - Learfield
Florida Gators, Florida Credit Union Launch “Pet of the Game” During Football Season to Benefit Humane Society of North Central Florida  Learfield

Pets of the Week: Debbie, Billie and Bruce - Mississippi's Best Community Newspaper | Mississippi's Best Community Newspaper - Natchez Democrat
Pets of the Week: Debbie, Billie and Bruce - Mississippi's Best Community Newspaper | Mississippi's Best Community Newspaper  Natchez Democrat

Dr. Maro: Pet owners can find solutions for 'bad' pet behaviors - The Times
Dr. Maro: Pet owners can find solutions for 'bad' pet behaviors  The Times

Pets Alive to build new animal shelter - Mid Hudson News Website
Pets Alive to build new animal shelter  Mid Hudson News Website

'Pay-what-you-can' for adoption of pets from Berks ARL - 69News WFMZ-TV
'Pay-what-you-can' for adoption of pets from Berks ARL  69News WFMZ-TV

These pet-friendly Palm Beach hotels and resorts welcome dogs - Palm Beach Daily News
These pet-friendly Palm Beach hotels and resorts welcome dogs  Palm Beach Daily News

Cats and dogs know and choose when they will die: pet psychic - New York Post
Cats and dogs know and choose when they will die: pet psychic  New York Post

PAUL'S PETS: 'Pepper' the dog up for adoption at Human Educational Society in Chattanooga - Local 3 News
PAUL'S PETS: 'Pepper' the dog up for adoption at Human Educational Society in Chattanooga  Local 3 News

Local animal shelter supporting pets in need - ABC4.com
Local animal shelter supporting pets in need  ABC4.com

Dear Annie: Comfort for grieving pet lovers - Lowell Sun
Dear Annie: Comfort for grieving pet lovers  Lowell Sun

Is it possible to obtain maintenance orders for pets? - Lexology
Is it possible to obtain maintenance orders for pets?  Lexology

Higher housing costs force more pet owners to surrender their dogs - CNBC
Higher housing costs force more pet owners to surrender their dogs  CNBC

Palm Valley to host pet drive-thru at new location - KVEO-TV
Palm Valley to host pet drive-thru at new location  KVEO-TV

State Regulators Approve Pet Health Insurance Model - ThinkAdvisor
State Regulators Approve Pet Health Insurance Model  ThinkAdvisor

Pets: Styx - Sun Community News & Printing
Pets: Styx  Sun Community News & Printing

Pet fees hit Texas renters unequally, but landlord group says they’re necessary - KVEO-TV
Pet fees hit Texas renters unequally, but landlord group says they’re necessary  KVEO-TV

Workers of pet-related businesses would need training and certification, under new Clark County proposal - Fox 5 Las Vegas
Workers of pet-related businesses would need training and certification, under new Clark County proposal  Fox 5 Las Vegas

More owners surrendering pets at shelter, blaming economy - WJXT News4JAX
More owners surrendering pets at shelter, blaming economy  WJXT News4JAX

Clear the Shelters: Humane Society of Tampa Bay looking for families for hundreds of pets - WFLA
Clear the Shelters: Humane Society of Tampa Bay looking for families for hundreds of pets  WFLA

These scientists are working to extend the life span of pet dogs—and their owners - MIT Technology Review
These scientists are working to extend the life span of pet dogs—and their owners  MIT Technology Review

How to keep your dog and other pets cool in the heat - CNN
How to keep your dog and other pets cool in the heat  CNN

Nebraska pet rescue in ongoing dispute with authorities after records seized - WOWT
Nebraska pet rescue in ongoing dispute with authorities after records seized  WOWT

Pets of all kinds shine at Carnation Festival show - The-review
Pets of all kinds shine at Carnation Festival show  The-review

What animals belong in Atttalla? Exotic pets, cruelty discussed - Gadsden Times
What animals belong in Atttalla? Exotic pets, cruelty discussed  Gadsden Times

Maxed out! Maricopa County animal shelters overflowing with pets - Arizona's Family
Maxed out! Maricopa County animal shelters overflowing with pets  Arizona's Family

SOMA Animal Hospital Welcomes Pet Patients - The Potrero View
SOMA Animal Hospital Welcomes Pet Patients  The Potrero View

Ontario pet rescues overwhelmed by 'pandemic pets' | CTV News - CTV News London
Ontario pet rescues overwhelmed by 'pandemic pets' | CTV News  CTV News London

Robotic Pets, Real Comfort? What the Research Says - PsychCentral.com
Robotic Pets, Real Comfort? What the Research Says  PsychCentral.com

Brad Pitt starrer 'Bullet Train’ chugs past ‘DC League of Super-Pets’ to dominate box office - MEAWW
Brad Pitt starrer 'Bullet Train’ chugs past ‘DC League of Super-Pets’ to dominate box office  MEAWW

Chewy achieves pet food donation milestone - Pet Food Processing
Chewy achieves pet food donation milestone  Pet Food Processing

Paint Your Pet With LoveJoy Creations - There San Diego
Paint Your Pet With LoveJoy Creations  There San Diego

EFD: House fire claims the lives of 4 pets, 2 people displaced - 14 News WFIE Evansville
EFD: House fire claims the lives of 4 pets, 2 people displaced  14 News WFIE Evansville

Paws Humane Society to host pet food pantry for Ga. and Ala. residents - WTVM
Paws Humane Society to host pet food pantry for Ga. and Ala. residents  WTVM

New Phillipsburg-area pet salon and spa is for the dogs (and some cats) - lehighvalleylive.com
New Phillipsburg-area pet salon and spa is for the dogs (and some cats)  lehighvalleylive.com

2nd Chance Pet: Sheba - WNDU
2nd Chance Pet: Sheba  WNDU

Dogs in grocery stores, restaurants have Palo Alto woman peeved - The Mercury News
Dogs in grocery stores, restaurants have Palo Alto woman peeved  The Mercury News

Pets at Home Group (LON:PETS) Stock Price Crosses Above Fifty Day Moving Average of $317.18 - Defense World
Pets at Home Group (LON:PETS) Stock Price Crosses Above Fifty Day Moving Average of $317.18  Defense World

This Year's Funniest-Looking Pets Are Here - Gizmodo
This Year's Funniest-Looking Pets Are Here  Gizmodo

The DC super-pets that didn’t make it into the movie (but should have) - Polygon
The DC super-pets that didn’t make it into the movie (but should have)  Polygon

Eight Home Design Features for Pets - Santa Barbara Independent
Eight Home Design Features for Pets  Santa Barbara Independent

Traveling with pets for the first time? Here's what you need to know. - USA TODAY
Traveling with pets for the first time? Here's what you need to know.  USA TODAY

How people, pets and infrastructure can respond to extreme heat - NPR
How people, pets and infrastructure can respond to extreme heat  NPR

Roblox: How To Get The Best Pets In Adopt Me! - TheGamer
Roblox: How To Get The Best Pets In Adopt Me!  TheGamer

'DC League of Super-Pets' goes to the dogs in more ways than one - CNN
'DC League of Super-Pets' goes to the dogs in more ways than one  CNN

Pets of the Week - Meet Neeson & Carl - City of Arlington
Pets of the Week - Meet Neeson & Carl  City of Arlington

How Robotic Pets Can Help With Memory Care - University of Utah Health Care
How Robotic Pets Can Help With Memory Care  University of Utah Health Care

How Paw-fect Pets Improve Life With Chronic Illness | Benefits of... - Multiple Sclerosis News Today
How Paw-fect Pets Improve Life With Chronic Illness | Benefits of...  Multiple Sclerosis News Today

LifeLine Animal Project Needs Your Help to Find Homes for 500 Pets - Fulton County Government
LifeLine Animal Project Needs Your Help to Find Homes for 500 Pets  Fulton County Government

Adoptable Pets in St. Petersburg - The Gabber Newspaper
Adoptable Pets in St. Petersburg  The Gabber Newspaper

How Much Should I Spend to Keep My Elderly Dog Alive? - The New York Times
How Much Should I Spend to Keep My Elderly Dog Alive?  The New York Times

Cancer care for pets is hugely costly - The Washington Post
Cancer care for pets is hugely costly  The Washington Post

No More Pet Store Puppies? New York May Finally Ban Sales. - The New York Times
No More Pet Store Puppies? New York May Finally Ban Sales.  The New York Times

Monroe County Pets of the Week - Monroe Evening News
Monroe County Pets of the Week  Monroe Evening News

Pets are freaking out over their owners playing Stray - Polygon
Pets are freaking out over their owners playing Stray  Polygon

Pets 'dumped' outside MB shelter with note, staff stresses proper way to surrender - wpde.com
Pets 'dumped' outside MB shelter with note, staff stresses proper way to surrender  wpde.com

Local canine rescues see a rise in returns of pandemic pets - WGRZ.com
Local canine rescues see a rise in returns of pandemic pets  WGRZ.com

PHOTOS: Here Are Pets You Can Adopt Today For NBC 7/T20's ‘Clear the Shelters' - NBC San Diego
PHOTOS: Here Are Pets You Can Adopt Today For NBC 7/T20's ‘Clear the Shelters'  NBC San Diego

Monroe County Animal Control's Pets of the Week - Monroe Evening News
Monroe County Animal Control's Pets of the Week  Monroe Evening News

Heartland pet shelter hoping to adopt out hundreds of pets to help empty the shelter - KFVS
Heartland pet shelter hoping to adopt out hundreds of pets to help empty the shelter  KFVS

Pet surrenders increase as inflation ups the price of ownership - NPR
Pet surrenders increase as inflation ups the price of ownership  NPR

Video: Pets showing Emory pride - Emory News Center
Video: Pets showing Emory pride  Emory News Center

Pets of the Week: July 28, 2022 - WSIL TV
Pets of the Week: July 28, 2022  WSIL TV

Shelters: more pets being returned, abandoned, abused - NEWS10 ABC
Shelters: more pets being returned, abandoned, abused  NEWS10 ABC

'Super-Pets,' 'Vengeance': Movies to see (or skip) this weekend - Detroit News
'Super-Pets,' 'Vengeance': Movies to see (or skip) this weekend  Detroit News

Road Trip Do's and Don'ts: Pet Safety Edition - Bay Area News
Road Trip Do's and Don'ts: Pet Safety Edition  Bay Area News

Pets can boost your brain power, study says - CNN
Pets can boost your brain power, study says  CNN

The best pets of 2022 (so far) - Mashable
The best pets of 2022 (so far)  Mashable

It’s a Pet’s Life - PHOENIX magazine
It’s a Pet’s Life  PHOENIX magazine

Keep Pets Safe in Hot Weather - American Red Cross
Keep Pets Safe in Hot Weather  American Red Cross

Pet Ownership Statistics: 78% of Pet Owners Acquired Pets During Pandemic – Forbes Advisor - Forbes
Pet Ownership Statistics: 78% of Pet Owners Acquired Pets During Pandemic – Forbes Advisor  Forbes

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