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PH Levels in The Discus Tank


Because it is imperative that discus fish have optimal water conditions, much has been written about this subject, This is the plan put in place to insure proper PH water levels in our hatchery.

Allnut Enterprises' breeder, Nick Lockhart of Noblesville, Indiana, has many ingenious ideas as to how to accomplish things in the hatchery. We begin our experiment with two matched pairs: two red melons, and two leopardskins. They are lovely, friendly fish, and have been getting acclimated to our tanks and the aquarist since the end of June.

Initially, we begin to prepare for the new arrivals by setting up the tanks in this manner: water was tested for PH and nitrite levels, and a proper ecosystem for active bacteria was begin by populating the tank with cichlids that Nick has been raising prior to the purchase of the discus. When we felt that the water/bacteria levels were correct, we set up the meeting with the breeder, and made the trip to Bloomington, Indiana.

Upon arrival at home base with a travel time of about an hour and a half, we immediately begin to acclimate the pairs to their new home. We were advised by the breeder to let them acclimate to the new tank water by "floating" the bags containing the fish for approximately one hour to equalize the temperatures, and to add a cup of water to the bag from the tank to equalize PH levels.

We did not, however, follow this procedure. We took approximately six hours to acclimate by adding a cup of the tank water to the bag each hour, and keeping a close eye on the discus and PH levels, because they were stressed from the trip. A Hanna PH digital meter was used for testing, which gave us a very accurate reading. As large changes in PH in a short period can shock the discus, we were careful in this approach. Our water at the time matched the water in PH levels from the breeder closely.

Because the two pair were bought for breeding purposes, Nick was not comfortable with the PH level, which at that time was at approximately 7.5, high for optimal breeding conditions of 6.5-6.9. What to do?

We had read that hanging a mesh bag of peat moss would help to lower the PH, but were not happy with the idea of having debris from the Peat in our tanks, which are kept scrupulously clean. We knew there had to be a better way to accomplish this goal.

Because Nick lives in town, and has city water, he uses a Reverse Osmosis filtering system to insure that the water is free of chemicals and suitable for the aquarium. Knowing that Peat Moss will lower the PH in an aquarium system, and having a large bag left over from making culture for Grindal and White Worms, he took a 5 gallon pail, and drilled a series of holes around the perimeter of the bottom of the pail, using a 3/32" drill. He then lined the bottom of the pail with a think layer of regular aquarium filter floss, and topped that off with a thick layer of Peat Moss, with the finished pail being about two-thirds full.

The outlet hose from the RO system was then allowed to drain into this pail. Setting the pail over the top of the holding tank, the water slowly drained down through this medium into the holding tank.

Initial test of the recycled water showed a drop in PH to below the base of 7.0. We have been adding the water to the discus tanks slowly through water changes so as to not shock the fish, and at our business meeting this weekend, Nick informed me that the PH levels in the discus tanks are now at approximately 6.6, which is the optimal level for breeding discus.

Cost of the project? If you already are using an RO system, and have a holding tank, you will spend a twenty dollar bill getting the Peat Moss and filter floss. Not bad, considering a breeding pair of dicus can run you $425 dollars!

Alden Smith is CEO of Allnut Enterprises, a diversified company, and is involved with discus breeding. His website is http://www.kingdiscus.blogspot.com


TODAYS NEWS BY OFFICEJAX FREE ADVERTISING AND AD EXCHANGE SOLUTIONSMORE PETS INFORMATION RESOURCES updated Sun. July / 03 / 2022

Animal experts provide tips to keep pets safe during 4th of July Weekend - KXAN.com
  1. Animal experts provide tips to keep pets safe during 4th of July Weekend  KXAN.com
  2. Pets and fireworks: Tips for keeping dogs and other animals calm  Burlington Free Press
  3. Celebrate safely with your pets this Fourth of July  KIIITV.com
  4. Pets vs fireworks: Helping your pet's pyrotechnic panic  St George News
  5. Animal Owners are Responsible for Securing their Pets over the 4th of July Weekend  Alachua County
  6. View Full Coverage on Google News

ASPCA employee discusses how to keep pets safe this summer - Spectrum News NY1
ASPCA employee discusses how to keep pets safe this summer  Spectrum News NY1

Tips to help keep pets safe this summer - Longview News-Journal
Tips to help keep pets safe this summer  Longview News-Journal

Red, white and woof: Pets show off patriotic pride at Amarillo Community Market Pet Parade - Amarillo Globe-News
Red, white and woof: Pets show off patriotic pride at Amarillo Community Market Pet Parade  Amarillo Globe-News

The Complex Challenge of Transporting Pets - The Foreign Service Journal
The Complex Challenge of Transporting Pets  The Foreign Service Journal

Pets scared of fireworks? What Bay Area animal experts say you can do - KRON4
Pets scared of fireworks? What Bay Area animal experts say you can do  KRON4

Why You Should Rethink Letting Your Pets Sleep With You - CNET
Why You Should Rethink Letting Your Pets Sleep With You  CNET

Furry Friend Friday: Fireworks anxiety in pets - KSWO
Furry Friend Friday: Fireworks anxiety in pets  KSWO

Pets on paracetamol: animals at risk as owners struggle with vet bills - The Guardian
Pets on paracetamol: animals at risk as owners struggle with vet bills  The Guardian

Pets provide benefits to mental, physical health of children - Moscow-Pullman Daily News
Pets provide benefits to mental, physical health of children  Moscow-Pullman Daily News

Pets & Their People - Reporter Newspapers
Pets & Their People  Reporter Newspapers

KC Pet Project shelter filled back up after 300 pets arrived this week - KCTV 5
KC Pet Project shelter filled back up after 300 pets arrived this week  KCTV 5

Colorado Springs shops offer pup cups, pupcakes and more for pets - Colorado Springs Gazette
Colorado Springs shops offer pup cups, pupcakes and more for pets  Colorado Springs Gazette

Charleston Animal Society offering ‘pet amnesty’ July 5th through 8th - Live 5 News WCSC
Charleston Animal Society offering ‘pet amnesty’ July 5th through 8th  Live 5 News WCSC

Dear Mother Earth: Plastic pollution and pets | Weekend Magazine | rutlandherald.com - Rutland Herald
Dear Mother Earth: Plastic pollution and pets | Weekend Magazine | rutlandherald.com  Rutland Herald

More space for vets and pets: New 40,000-foot veterinary clinic opens at LSU - The Advocate
More space for vets and pets: New 40,000-foot veterinary clinic opens at LSU  The Advocate

KCAS Pets of the Week: Blimpie and Lola - WOODTV.com
KCAS Pets of the Week: Blimpie and Lola  WOODTV.com

Epi-Pet's FDA-Authorized K-9 Care Sunscreen for Dogs Continues to Break Sales Records - Business Wire
Epi-Pet's FDA-Authorized K-9 Care Sunscreen for Dogs Continues to Break Sales Records  Business Wire

Introducing The Gucci Pet Collection For The Most Glamorous Pets - Haute Living
Introducing The Gucci Pet Collection For The Most Glamorous Pets  Haute Living

Financial, housing insecurities leading more people to surrender pets, Seattle Humane says - KING5.com
Financial, housing insecurities leading more people to surrender pets, Seattle Humane says  KING5.com

Safety measures from first responders to prevent leaving child or pets in hot car - WHSV
Safety measures from first responders to prevent leaving child or pets in hot car  WHSV

Amid Ukraine War, Volunteers Help Displaced People and Pets - Voice of America - VOA News
Amid Ukraine War, Volunteers Help Displaced People and Pets  Voice of America - VOA News

Louisville Metro Animal Services may have to euthanize adoptable pets - Courier Journal
Louisville Metro Animal Services may have to euthanize adoptable pets  Courier Journal

Chatham's 'Patriotic Pets' Gather at Chatham Borough Farmers' Market; Help Kick off Independence Day Celebration - TAPinto.net
Chatham's 'Patriotic Pets' Gather at Chatham Borough Farmers' Market; Help Kick off Independence Day Celebration  TAPinto.net

Best DIY ideas to make your home pet friendly - Interesting Engineering
Best DIY ideas to make your home pet friendly  Interesting Engineering

Family, pets displaced after central Austin duplex fire - KXAN.com
Family, pets displaced after central Austin duplex fire  KXAN.com

Survey: 93% of pets are part of 'family' for Oregonians - Portland Tribune
Survey: 93% of pets are part of 'family' for Oregonians  Portland Tribune

Moses Lake Firefighters Save Pets from Mobile Home Fire - KPQ
Moses Lake Firefighters Save Pets from Mobile Home Fire  KPQ

Pets Don’t Just Make for Good Company—Sometimes They Help Sell Homes, Too - The Wall Street Journal
Pets Don’t Just Make for Good Company—Sometimes They Help Sell Homes, Too  The Wall Street Journal

PAAC offering free spay, neuter to pet owners in two Corpus Christi zip codes - Caller Times
PAAC offering free spay, neuter to pet owners in two Corpus Christi zip codes  Caller Times

Pets get microchipped for free ahead of 4th of July weekend - ConchoValleyHomepage.com
Pets get microchipped for free ahead of 4th of July weekend  ConchoValleyHomepage.com

Pets Fur People Pet of the Week – Jewel & Ivy - Gilmer Mirror
Pets Fur People Pet of the Week – Jewel & Ivy  Gilmer Mirror

New LEGO BrickHeadz Pets Sets for August 2022 Release - The Brick Fan
New LEGO BrickHeadz Pets Sets for August 2022 Release  The Brick Fan

'Pet Pals TV': The dangers of keeping your pets in hot cars - WISH TV Indianapolis, IN
'Pet Pals TV': The dangers of keeping your pets in hot cars  WISH TV Indianapolis, IN

Best practices for taking your pet to a veterinarian - Fox11online.com
Best practices for taking your pet to a veterinarian  Fox11online.com

Pets May Be Less Terrified July 4th, As Indiana Firework Sales Fizzle - Patch
Pets May Be Less Terrified July 4th, As Indiana Firework Sales Fizzle  Patch

Banfield Pet Hospital's secret to happier vets and healthier pets - DVM 360
Banfield Pet Hospital's secret to happier vets and healthier pets  DVM 360

Poisoned pets: ‘I will never forget about her,’ says pet owner - KMID - Local 2 News
Poisoned pets: ‘I will never forget about her,’ says pet owner  KMID - Local 2 News

Cape Fear Gardening: Protecting your pets from dangerous water - WECT
Cape Fear Gardening: Protecting your pets from dangerous water  WECT

Animal Tracks: Shelter has pets in need of homes - Dothan Eagle
Animal Tracks: Shelter has pets in need of homes  Dothan Eagle

Adoption fees waived to spare pets from fireworks, but outbreak puts cat adoptions on hold - Denton Record Chronicle
Adoption fees waived to spare pets from fireworks, but outbreak puts cat adoptions on hold  Denton Record Chronicle

🌱 Oceanside Top July Events + SD County Crime Log + Keep Pets Safe - Patch
🌱 Oceanside Top July Events + SD County Crime Log + Keep Pets Safe  Patch

Animal shelter in NMB already over capacity stresses watching pets this weekend - wpde.com
Animal shelter in NMB already over capacity stresses watching pets this weekend  wpde.com

10 Best Chewy Blue Box Event Pet Deals (2022): Cat and Dog Supplies - WIRED
10 Best Chewy Blue Box Event Pet Deals (2022): Cat and Dog Supplies  WIRED

3 Ways Pet Insurance Is Different From Human Health Insurance - The Motley Fool
3 Ways Pet Insurance Is Different From Human Health Insurance  The Motley Fool

Our Favorite Real Housewives Pets - Reality Tea
Our Favorite Real Housewives Pets  Reality Tea

BlixTerm Brings Full-Speed YouTube Video To The Commodore PET - Hackaday
BlixTerm Brings Full-Speed YouTube Video To The Commodore PET  Hackaday

Do You Know How to Keep Your Pets Safe During a Disaster? - FEMA
Do You Know How to Keep Your Pets Safe During a Disaster?  FEMA

Ventura County officials warn of heightened coyote threat to pets - VC Star
Ventura County officials warn of heightened coyote threat to pets  VC Star

Pets of the week – Chicago Tribune - Chicago Tribune
Pets of the week – Chicago Tribune  Chicago Tribune

The best pets of 2022 (so far) - Mashable
The best pets of 2022 (so far)  Mashable

Looking For a Pet? Pets in Miami Dade Shelters Are Looking for a Forever Home - NBC 6 South Florida
Looking For a Pet? Pets in Miami Dade Shelters Are Looking for a Forever Home  NBC 6 South Florida

Parasitic worms found across US parks put kids, pet owners at risk - FOX 7 Austin
Parasitic worms found across US parks put kids, pet owners at risk  FOX 7 Austin

Adoptable Pets in St. Petersburg - The Gabber Newspaper
Adoptable Pets in St. Petersburg  The Gabber Newspaper

For those who don't enjoy fireworks, some tips for this holiday weekend - MPR News
For those who don't enjoy fireworks, some tips for this holiday weekend  MPR News

Clarksville Area Pets of the Week for June 6th, 2022 - Clarksville Online
Clarksville Area Pets of the Week for June 6th, 2022  Clarksville Online

How pets give your kids a brain boost - BBC
How pets give your kids a brain boost  BBC

Packed Bay Area Animal Shelters Need Help Finding Homes for Pets - NBC Bay Area
Packed Bay Area Animal Shelters Need Help Finding Homes for Pets  NBC Bay Area

Pets of the Week - Meet Bruno & Charles - City of Arlington
Pets of the Week - Meet Bruno & Charles  City of Arlington

Animal shelter to NRA and gun restriction foes: No pets for you - NBC News
Animal shelter to NRA and gun restriction foes: No pets for you  NBC News

Photos: Bully breeds show off in Collinsville | Pets | stltoday.com - St. Louis Post-Dispatch
Photos: Bully breeds show off in Collinsville | Pets | stltoday.com  St. Louis Post-Dispatch

Clarksville Area Pets of the Week for June 20th, 2022 - Clarksville Online
Clarksville Area Pets of the Week for June 20th, 2022  Clarksville Online

Homeward Pet: Pets of the Week | Community | nwnews.com - Woodinville Northwest News
Homeward Pet: Pets of the Week | Community | nwnews.com  Woodinville Northwest News

LIST: Adoptable pets at the Houston Humane Society - KPRC Click2Houston
LIST: Adoptable pets at the Houston Humane Society  KPRC Click2Houston

How to keep your pets calm and safe during Fourth of July fireworks - The Keene Sentinel
How to keep your pets calm and safe during Fourth of July fireworks  The Keene Sentinel

Dog attack leaves one pet dead, another seriously injured in Salem, Massachusetts - WCVB Boston
Dog attack leaves one pet dead, another seriously injured in Salem, Massachusetts  WCVB Boston

Kansasville fire at mobile home center; 1 injured, pet dead - FOX 6 Milwaukee
Kansasville fire at mobile home center; 1 injured, pet dead  FOX 6 Milwaukee

KCAS Pets of the Week: Rambo and Pablo - WOODTV.com
KCAS Pets of the Week: Rambo and Pablo  WOODTV.com

Talking pets and parasites with U of M - UMN News
Talking pets and parasites with U of M  UMN News

New Data Shows Increase in Number of Pets Killed in U.S. Shelters for the First Time in 5 Years - PEOPLE
New Data Shows Increase in Number of Pets Killed in U.S. Shelters for the First Time in 5 Years  PEOPLE

'Pet Pals TV': Happy Place Therapy Farm - WISH TV Indianapolis, IN
'Pet Pals TV': Happy Place Therapy Farm  WISH TV Indianapolis, IN

Pets Plus Us Pet Insurance Review 2022 - Investopedia
Pets Plus Us Pet Insurance Review 2022  Investopedia

Idaho pet recovery group sees highest number of lost dogs around 4th of July - KTVB.com
Idaho pet recovery group sees highest number of lost dogs around 4th of July  KTVB.com

Monroe County Animal Control features its Pets of the Week - Monroe Evening News
Monroe County Animal Control features its Pets of the Week  Monroe Evening News

As people surrender pets they can't always afford, Alaska's shelters struggle to house them - Anchorage Daily News
As people surrender pets they can't always afford, Alaska's shelters struggle to house them  Anchorage Daily News

Seattle Has the Cutest Shop Pets—Here's Proof - Seattle Met
Seattle Has the Cutest Shop Pets—Here's Proof  Seattle Met

From food to fireworks: Protecting your pets from holiday hazards - NewsNation Now
From food to fireworks: Protecting your pets from holiday hazards  NewsNation Now

NY pet stores fear bill banning animal sales would put them out of business - Spectrum News
NY pet stores fear bill banning animal sales would put them out of business  Spectrum News

Front Porch, Tumbleweed, Knock Knock: How Austin Pets Alive! names its pups - KXAN.com
Front Porch, Tumbleweed, Knock Knock: How Austin Pets Alive! names its pups  KXAN.com

7 Best Pet Insurance Companies in Ohio (2022) - MarketWatch
7 Best Pet Insurance Companies in Ohio (2022)  MarketWatch

Pets of the Week, Meet the Coffee kittens - Fort Leavenworth Lamp
Pets of the Week, Meet the Coffee kittens  Fort Leavenworth Lamp

A luxurious new pet resort and market, Royal Pets, is opening in Midtown Tampa - thatssotampa.com
A luxurious new pet resort and market, Royal Pets, is opening in Midtown Tampa  thatssotampa.com

Franklin Co. Animal Shelter pushes for adoptions to avoid euthanizing pets - WFXRtv.com
Franklin Co. Animal Shelter pushes for adoptions to avoid euthanizing pets  WFXRtv.com

PLAN AHEAD FOR THE PETS & KIDS THIS STORM SEASON – OFFICIAL FLORIDA KEYS HURRICANE GUIDE - Florida Keys Weekly
PLAN AHEAD FOR THE PETS & KIDS THIS STORM SEASON – OFFICIAL FLORIDA KEYS HURRICANE GUIDE  Florida Keys Weekly

(Guest editorial) Adopting pets makes most sense | Opinion | cullmantimes.com - Cullman Times Online
(Guest editorial) Adopting pets makes most sense | Opinion | cullmantimes.com  Cullman Times Online

BBB CONSUMER TIPS: Lost pet scams: Are you at risk? - Charleston Post Courier
BBB CONSUMER TIPS: Lost pet scams: Are you at risk?  Charleston Post Courier

Ready to save a life? Here’s why fostering animals is a ‘critical component’ for local shelters - WJXT News4JAX
Ready to save a life? Here’s why fostering animals is a ‘critical component’ for local shelters  WJXT News4JAX

SoMD Pets in Need Cat of the Week: Diego - The Southern Maryland Chronicle
SoMD Pets in Need Cat of the Week: Diego  The Southern Maryland Chronicle

Adorable & Adoptable–Pets of the Week: Tommy, Lady, & Elle - SweetwaterNOW
Adorable & Adoptable–Pets of the Week: Tommy, Lady, & Elle  SweetwaterNOW

Adorable & Adoptable–Pets of the Week: Serenity, Phoebe, Piper and Prue, & Milo - SweetwaterNOW
Adorable & Adoptable–Pets of the Week: Serenity, Phoebe, Piper and Prue, & Milo  SweetwaterNOW

Pets can boost your brain power, study says - CNN
Pets can boost your brain power, study says  CNN

How to prepare for a smooth PCS with your pets - United States Army
How to prepare for a smooth PCS with your pets  United States Army

Pet-friendly recreation - Michigan (.gov)
Pet-friendly recreation  Michigan (.gov)

Clarksville Area Pets of the Week for April 18th, 2022 - Clarksville Online
Clarksville Area Pets of the Week for April 18th, 2022  Clarksville Online

Playing for Pets is Thursday and Friday - SIU News
Playing for Pets is Thursday and Friday  SIU News

Editors’ picks: 27 pet products we’ve tried and absolutely love - CNN Underscored
Editors’ picks: 27 pet products we’ve tried and absolutely love  CNN Underscored

Pet Ownership Statistics: 78% of Pet Owners Acquired Pets During Pandemic - Forbes
Pet Ownership Statistics: 78% of Pet Owners Acquired Pets During Pandemic  Forbes

Why Should Kids Have Pets: 8 Evidence-Based Reasons - PsychCentral.com
Why Should Kids Have Pets: 8 Evidence-Based Reasons  PsychCentral.com

National Pet Day: Here are the most searched pets (besides cats and dogs) in Ohio, KY - The Cincinnati Enquirer
National Pet Day: Here are the most searched pets (besides cats and dogs) in Ohio, KY  The Cincinnati Enquirer

Best Air Purifiers for Pets of 2022 | US News - U.S. News & World Report
Best Air Purifiers for Pets of 2022 | US News  U.S. News & World Report

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