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PH Levels in The Discus Tank


Because it is imperative that discus fish have optimal water conditions, much has been written about this subject, This is the plan put in place to insure proper PH water levels in our hatchery.

Allnut Enterprises' breeder, Nick Lockhart of Noblesville, Indiana, has many ingenious ideas as to how to accomplish things in the hatchery. We begin our experiment with two matched pairs: two red melons, and two leopardskins. They are lovely, friendly fish, and have been getting acclimated to our tanks and the aquarist since the end of June.

Initially, we begin to prepare for the new arrivals by setting up the tanks in this manner: water was tested for PH and nitrite levels, and a proper ecosystem for active bacteria was begin by populating the tank with cichlids that Nick has been raising prior to the purchase of the discus. When we felt that the water/bacteria levels were correct, we set up the meeting with the breeder, and made the trip to Bloomington, Indiana.

Upon arrival at home base with a travel time of about an hour and a half, we immediately begin to acclimate the pairs to their new home. We were advised by the breeder to let them acclimate to the new tank water by "floating" the bags containing the fish for approximately one hour to equalize the temperatures, and to add a cup of water to the bag from the tank to equalize PH levels.

We did not, however, follow this procedure. We took approximately six hours to acclimate by adding a cup of the tank water to the bag each hour, and keeping a close eye on the discus and PH levels, because they were stressed from the trip. A Hanna PH digital meter was used for testing, which gave us a very accurate reading. As large changes in PH in a short period can shock the discus, we were careful in this approach. Our water at the time matched the water in PH levels from the breeder closely.

Because the two pair were bought for breeding purposes, Nick was not comfortable with the PH level, which at that time was at approximately 7.5, high for optimal breeding conditions of 6.5-6.9. What to do?

We had read that hanging a mesh bag of peat moss would help to lower the PH, but were not happy with the idea of having debris from the Peat in our tanks, which are kept scrupulously clean. We knew there had to be a better way to accomplish this goal.

Because Nick lives in town, and has city water, he uses a Reverse Osmosis filtering system to insure that the water is free of chemicals and suitable for the aquarium. Knowing that Peat Moss will lower the PH in an aquarium system, and having a large bag left over from making culture for Grindal and White Worms, he took a 5 gallon pail, and drilled a series of holes around the perimeter of the bottom of the pail, using a 3/32" drill. He then lined the bottom of the pail with a think layer of regular aquarium filter floss, and topped that off with a thick layer of Peat Moss, with the finished pail being about two-thirds full.

The outlet hose from the RO system was then allowed to drain into this pail. Setting the pail over the top of the holding tank, the water slowly drained down through this medium into the holding tank.

Initial test of the recycled water showed a drop in PH to below the base of 7.0. We have been adding the water to the discus tanks slowly through water changes so as to not shock the fish, and at our business meeting this weekend, Nick informed me that the PH levels in the discus tanks are now at approximately 6.6, which is the optimal level for breeding discus.

Cost of the project? If you already are using an RO system, and have a holding tank, you will spend a twenty dollar bill getting the Peat Moss and filter floss. Not bad, considering a breeding pair of dicus can run you $425 dollars!

Alden Smith is CEO of Allnut Enterprises, a diversified company, and is involved with discus breeding. His website is http://www.kingdiscus.blogspot.com


TODAYS NEWS BY OFFICEJAX FREE ADVERTISING AND AD EXCHANGE SOLUTIONSMORE PETS INFORMATION RESOURCES updated Mon. April / 19 / 2021

Ask the Vet: Tails can be a source of problems for pets - Toledo Blade
Ask the Vet: Tails can be a source of problems for pets  Toledo Blade

Peloton treadmill could kill small children and pets, consumer agency warns - MyWabashValley.com
Peloton treadmill could kill small children and pets, consumer agency warns  MyWabashValley.com

Pets Experience Separation Anxiety as Owners Return to Work - BRProud.com
Pets Experience Separation Anxiety as Owners Return to Work  BRProud.com

Standard Journal Pets of the Week for the Wednesday, April 21, 2021 edition - The Catoosa County News
Standard Journal Pets of the Week for the Wednesday, April 21, 2021 edition  The Catoosa County News

How to Help Pets Deal With Post-Quarantine Separation Anxiety, According to Veterinarians - New York Magazine
How to Help Pets Deal With Post-Quarantine Separation Anxiety, According to Veterinarians  New York Magazine

Lyme disease in pets being reported in high numbers - The Columbus Dispatch
Lyme disease in pets being reported in high numbers  The Columbus Dispatch

East Bay pets of the week for April 23 - East Bay Times
East Bay pets of the week for April 23  East Bay Times

Pet of the Week: Leo | Pets | independenttribune.com - Independent Tribune
Pet of the Week: Leo | Pets | independenttribune.com  Independent Tribune

Pets of the Week | Pets | indexjournal.com - Index-Journal
Pets of the Week | Pets | indexjournal.com  Index-Journal

Rabid Skunk Confirmed in Oconee; Two Pets Exposed - SCDHEC
Rabid Skunk Confirmed in Oconee; Two Pets Exposed  SCDHEC

5 pets die in house fire in Posey Co. - 14 News WFIE Evansville
5 pets die in house fire in Posey Co.  14 News WFIE Evansville

Pets of the week: A velvety rabbit and a sweet senior dog - Duluth News Tribune
Pets of the week: A velvety rabbit and a sweet senior dog  Duluth News Tribune

Is your office ready for pets? - Fortune
Is your office ready for pets?  Fortune

Research looks at SARS-CoV-2 transmission from people to pets - News-Medical.Net
Research looks at SARS-CoV-2 transmission from people to pets  News-Medical.Net

“The pitbull saved our life” – family speaks after losing 5 pets in house fire west of Mt. Vernon - Eyewitness News (WEHT/WTVW)
“The pitbull saved our life” – family speaks after losing 5 pets in house fire west of Mt. Vernon  Eyewitness News (WEHT/WTVW)

KCBD’s Pet of the Day: Meet Trooper - KCBD
KCBD’s Pet of the Day: Meet Trooper  KCBD

Pet Scene: Summit County's adoptable pets for the week of April 18, 2021 - Summit Daily News
Pet Scene: Summit County's adoptable pets for the week of April 18, 2021  Summit Daily News

Pets of the week: Polly wants to be your buddy. Potato needs a new home - MLive.com
Pets of the week: Polly wants to be your buddy. Potato needs a new home  MLive.com

Pet Wise: Grooming pets provides health and safety benefits - Baltimore Sun
Pet Wise: Grooming pets provides health and safety benefits  Baltimore Sun

Galveston County Animal Resource Center pets of the week - Galveston County Daily News
Galveston County Animal Resource Center pets of the week  Galveston County Daily News

The time has come to start training the pets for your return to work - CNN
The time has come to start training the pets for your return to work  CNN

Pet adoption fees lowered during Empty the Shelters event - Brunswick News
Pet adoption fees lowered during Empty the Shelters event  Brunswick News

Now is the time to prepare your pets for when you leave them for the day - Yahoo News
Now is the time to prepare your pets for when you leave them for the day  Yahoo News

Experts: Prepare dogs, cats to be home alone when you go back to work - Newsday
Experts: Prepare dogs, cats to be home alone when you go back to work  Newsday

Please keep ID on your pet | Letters | timesnews.net - Kingsport Times News
Please keep ID on your pet | Letters | timesnews.net  Kingsport Times News

How Much Do These Unusual Pets Actually Cost? - Yahoo Finance
How Much Do These Unusual Pets Actually Cost?  Yahoo Finance

Flea and tick prevention tips for pets - WDIV ClickOnDetroit
Flea and tick prevention tips for pets  WDIV ClickOnDetroit

Can't find your pet's favorite food? Pandemic problems may be to blame - WGRZ.com
Can't find your pet's favorite food? Pandemic problems may be to blame  WGRZ.com

Midcoast Humane helps lost pets reunite with their owners through microchips - WGME
Midcoast Humane helps lost pets reunite with their owners through microchips  WGME

Pet Care Is a Booming Business and PetIQ Is a Smart Way to Play It. - Barron's
Pet Care Is a Booming Business and PetIQ Is a Smart Way to Play It.  Barron's

Here's how successful support dogs are trained - Journal Gazette and Times-Courier
Here's how successful support dogs are trained  Journal Gazette and Times-Courier

Video The Impact of Reopening on Our Pets - WebMD
Video The Impact of Reopening on Our Pets  WebMD

Faith Temple Food Giveaway expanding to pet food - KELOLAND.com
Faith Temple Food Giveaway expanding to pet food  KELOLAND.com

Hoover's PowerDash Pet Carpet Cleaner Is 31% Off on Amazon - PEOPLE.com
Hoover's PowerDash Pet Carpet Cleaner Is 31% Off on Amazon  PEOPLE.com

Expert advice: Keeping your family and pets safe during tick season in the Tri-Cities - WJHL-TV News Channel 11
Expert advice: Keeping your family and pets safe during tick season in the Tri-Cities  WJHL-TV News Channel 11

NOW: Local non-profit helping pet families feed furry friends - ABC 57 News - ABC 57 News
NOW: Local non-profit helping pet families feed furry friends - ABC 57 News  ABC 57 News

U.K. police hunt rabbit thief after giant celebrity pet Darius goes missing - NBC News
U.K. police hunt rabbit thief after giant celebrity pet Darius goes missing  NBC News

Good Day Pets – Meet Madden! - KCAU 9
Good Day Pets – Meet Madden!  KCAU 9

Dilworth City Council to discuss limiting pets, microchip licensing - INFORUM
Dilworth City Council to discuss limiting pets, microchip licensing  INFORUM

Looking for a home: Adoptable pets in Lane County - The Register-Guard
Looking for a home: Adoptable pets in Lane County  The Register-Guard

Some Arizona pets testing presumptive positive for COVID-19 - ABC15 Arizona
Some Arizona pets testing presumptive positive for COVID-19  ABC15 Arizona

Lather, rinse, repeat: Pet groomers get busy with canine shampoos and haircuts - Toledo Blade
Lather, rinse, repeat: Pet groomers get busy with canine shampoos and haircuts  Toledo Blade

After lost dog found, KCK owner says local pet rescue not giving him back - WDAF FOX4 Kansas City
After lost dog found, KCK owner says local pet rescue not giving him back  WDAF FOX4 Kansas City

Lake Humane Society taking part in Bissell Pet Foundation's 'Empty the Shelters' program - News-Herald.com
Lake Humane Society taking part in Bissell Pet Foundation's 'Empty the Shelters' program  News-Herald.com

Dog food drive in San Antonio aims to help pet families in need - KSAT San Antonio
Dog food drive in San Antonio aims to help pet families in need  KSAT San Antonio

Pet food shortage in stores, online | wgrz.com - WGRZ.com
Pet food shortage in stores, online | wgrz.com  WGRZ.com

Young-Williams Pet of the Week: Lady - WATE 6 On Your Side
Young-Williams Pet of the Week: Lady  WATE 6 On Your Side

Kids can practice reading skills while spending time with shelter pets - ABC15 Arizona
Kids can practice reading skills while spending time with shelter pets  ABC15 Arizona

Paws for Pets: Angelica (loves being out in the sun, going on walks & playing ball) - Yahoo News
Paws for Pets: Angelica (loves being out in the sun, going on walks & playing ball)  Yahoo News

Pets Of The Week: Animal Lifeline Pittsburgh – News, Sports, Weather, Traffic and the Best of Pittsburgh - CBS Pittsburgh
Pets Of The Week: Animal Lifeline Pittsburgh – News, Sports, Weather, Traffic and the Best of Pittsburgh  CBS Pittsburgh

AVMA celebrating what pets have meant to people during pandemic - American Veterinary Medical Association
AVMA celebrating what pets have meant to people during pandemic  American Veterinary Medical Association

EPA Investigating Pet Incidents Involving Seresto Collars - NBC10 Boston
EPA Investigating Pet Incidents Involving Seresto Collars  NBC10 Boston

Senate passes bills on police mental health, protecting pets, to-go alcohol - Columbia Missourian
Senate passes bills on police mental health, protecting pets, to-go alcohol  Columbia Missourian

Adopt-a-Pet April 19 - Chadds Ford Live - Chadds Ford Live
Adopt-a-Pet April 19 - Chadds Ford Live  Chadds Ford Live

Maccy G Pets appeal to survive after huge Covid challenges - Norwich Evening News
Maccy G Pets appeal to survive after huge Covid challenges  Norwich Evening News

Pender Co. officials urge owners to vaccinate pets after rabid bobcat killed - WECT
Pender Co. officials urge owners to vaccinate pets after rabid bobcat killed  WECT

Officials urging people to not leave pets unattended inside car as weather heats up - KVAL
Officials urging people to not leave pets unattended inside car as weather heats up  KVAL

Pet rescue organization shuts down after abuse complaints - WSIL TV
Pet rescue organization shuts down after abuse complaints  WSIL TV

Council Bluffs pet owner promises better conditions after animals seized - WOWT
Council Bluffs pet owner promises better conditions after animals seized  WOWT

Pets Became Purrfect Pals During Pandemic While Startup Funding Didn't Lay Down - Crunchbase News
Pets Became Purrfect Pals During Pandemic While Startup Funding Didn't Lay Down  Crunchbase News

Pets Help Children Reduce Their Stress and Stay Active During COVID-19 Pandemic, Survey Finds - PEOPLE
Pets Help Children Reduce Their Stress and Stay Active During COVID-19 Pandemic, Survey Finds  PEOPLE

Pet adoption: Oswego County 'princess' dog looking for home after owner passes away - CNYcentral.com
Pet adoption: Oswego County 'princess' dog looking for home after owner passes away  CNYcentral.com

Netflix Reality Show Pet Stars Follows Hollywood Pet Talent Agents - PEOPLE
Netflix Reality Show Pet Stars Follows Hollywood Pet Talent Agents  PEOPLE

Meet Briggs! This week's Perfect Pet | kcentv.com - KCENTV.com
Meet Briggs! This week's Perfect Pet | kcentv.com  KCENTV.com

Animal league comes to Glens Falls for week-long pet adoption event - NEWS10 ABC
Animal league comes to Glens Falls for week-long pet adoption event  NEWS10 ABC

Global Pet Grooming Services Market Trajectory & Analytics Report 2021, Featuring Aussie Pet Mobile, Chewy, Hollywood Grooming Inc., Muddy Paws and More - Yahoo Finance
Global Pet Grooming Services Market Trajectory & Analytics Report 2021, Featuring Aussie Pet Mobile, Chewy, Hollywood Grooming Inc., Muddy Paws and More  Yahoo Finance

Pet Scene: Summit County's adoptable pets for the week of April 11, 2021 - Summit Daily News
Pet Scene: Summit County's adoptable pets for the week of April 11, 2021  Summit Daily News

Search for Idaho man’s missing pet raccoon comes to bittersweet end in Oklahoma - KFOR Oklahoma City
Search for Idaho man’s missing pet raccoon comes to bittersweet end in Oklahoma  KFOR Oklahoma City

No, your pet won't die if it eats a cicada. What to know about Brood X - CNET
No, your pet won't die if it eats a cicada. What to know about Brood X  CNET

Tampa Bay area pets looking for new families - Tampa Bay Times
Tampa Bay area pets looking for new families  Tampa Bay Times

Bicycle Pet Seats Global Market Report – Top Companies and Crucial Challenges – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper - KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
Bicycle Pet Seats Global Market Report – Top Companies and Crucial Challenges – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper  KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

Dog's begging routine makes the pet a viral star - Fox News
Dog's begging routine makes the pet a viral star  Fox News

Alejandro Davidovich Fokina Launches Spanish Pet Adoption Platform - ATP Tour
Alejandro Davidovich Fokina Launches Spanish Pet Adoption Platform  ATP Tour

News Salmonella Scare Drives Pet Food Recall - WebMD
News Salmonella Scare Drives Pet Food Recall  WebMD

Multiple pets die in morning house fire in Evansville - 14 News WFIE Evansville
Multiple pets die in morning house fire in Evansville  14 News WFIE Evansville

Pet Tales: Spring brings baby animals and birds to wildlife center - Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
Pet Tales: Spring brings baby animals and birds to wildlife center  Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

Oldtown Church to offer pet vaccinations April 24 | Communities | thesunchronicle.com - The Sun Chronicle
Oldtown Church to offer pet vaccinations April 24 | Communities | thesunchronicle.com  The Sun Chronicle

Pokémon Pet Sematary: Hydreigon | Pokémon GO Hub - Pokemon GO Hub
Pokémon Pet Sematary: Hydreigon | Pokémon GO Hub  Pokemon GO Hub

Couples evacuate Miami duplex after fire breaks out; pet birds killed - WSVN 7News | Miami News, Weather, Sports | Fort Lauderdale
Couples evacuate Miami duplex after fire breaks out; pet birds killed  WSVN 7News | Miami News, Weather, Sports | Fort Lauderdale

Pets Keep Us Paws-itive During the Pandemic - Duke Today
Pets Keep Us Paws-itive During the Pandemic  Duke Today

Adoptable pets from Arizona Humane Society and Maricopa County Animal Care (4/14/2021) - ABC15 Arizona
Adoptable pets from Arizona Humane Society and Maricopa County Animal Care (4/14/2021)  ABC15 Arizona

Meet Ruby, Newswest 9's Pet of the Week - NewsWest9.com
Meet Ruby, Newswest 9's Pet of the Week  NewsWest9.com

A Financial Guide for New Pet Owners - Yahoo Finance
A Financial Guide for New Pet Owners  Yahoo Finance

Global Mobile Pet Care Market Detailed Survey and Outlook Report Shows How Top Companies Is Able to Survive in Future – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper - KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper
Global Mobile Pet Care Market Detailed Survey and Outlook Report Shows How Top Companies Is Able to Survive in Future – KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper  KSU | The Sentinel Newspaper

There’s a Huge Dog-Food Recall Due to Salmonella Risk to Pets and People - Self
There’s a Huge Dog-Food Recall Due to Salmonella Risk to Pets and People  Self

Midwestern Pet Foods Voluntarily Recall Due to Possible Salmonella Health Risk - FDA.gov
Midwestern Pet Foods Voluntarily Recall Due to Possible Salmonella Health Risk  FDA.gov

Pet supplement maker adds Fort Collins manufacturing facility - Loveland Reporter-Herald
Pet supplement maker adds Fort Collins manufacturing facility  Loveland Reporter-Herald

National Pet Industry Exceeds Over $100 Billion in Sales for First Time in Industry History - PRNewswire
National Pet Industry Exceeds Over $100 Billion in Sales for First Time in Industry History  PRNewswire

How the Furbo Dog Camera helped me leave my pet home alone - NBC News
How the Furbo Dog Camera helped me leave my pet home alone  NBC News

'My pet has helped me so much during the pandemic' - BBC News
'My pet has helped me so much during the pandemic'  BBC News

Dilworth to consider limit on pets per household - Valley News Live
Dilworth to consider limit on pets per household  Valley News Live

PET TALK: Cognitive decline in aging dogs: What to know - Paris News
PET TALK: Cognitive decline in aging dogs: What to know  Paris News

Meet Austin FC's Newest Mascot(s): Adoptable Dogs from Austin Pets Alive! - Austin Monthly
Meet Austin FC's Newest Mascot(s): Adoptable Dogs from Austin Pets Alive!  Austin Monthly

Some pet dogs need expensive therapy after lockdowns - Fox News
Some pet dogs need expensive therapy after lockdowns  Fox News

Pets & Animals - The Gazette: Eastern Iowa Breaking News and Headlines
Pets & Animals  The Gazette: Eastern Iowa Breaking News and Headlines

Search ends for missing 50-pound pet raccoon - Norman Transcript
Search ends for missing 50-pound pet raccoon  Norman Transcript

Unfortunately, we like pets that are likely to be invasive species - Ars Technica
Unfortunately, we like pets that are likely to be invasive species  Ars Technica

Jacksonville’s best pet bakery: Redbones Gourmet Dog Bakery and Boutique - WJXT News4JAX
Jacksonville’s best pet bakery: Redbones Gourmet Dog Bakery and Boutique  WJXT News4JAX

Pets with Potential: Meet Stallone - WCAX
Pets with Potential: Meet Stallone  WCAX

Fitch Rates Central Garden & Pet Company's Proposed Unsecured Notes 'BB'/'RR4' - Fitch Ratings
Fitch Rates Central Garden & Pet Company's Proposed Unsecured Notes 'BB'/'RR4'  Fitch Ratings

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