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Parachromis Managuense


Parachromis managuense has a bad reputation, just like many of the other large predatory cichlids. This reputation is largely undeserved, and besides, the positive sides of these fishes more than make up for any negative ones. Not to mention that an adult P. managuense is incredibly beautiful.

I've kept these cichlids and have nothing but good to say about them as long as you have an aquarium large enough to handle this species that grows to 55 cm/22 inches. I would say that the absolute minimum to keep these cichlids together with other cichlids is a tank of 540 litres/120 gallons. And that's a minimum; a larger aquarium is preferable. Large specimens require even larger aquariums. They can be bred in aquariums that are at least 250 litres/55 gallons.

The aquarium should be decorated so that natural territory boundaries are created and so that there are a lot of hiding places for the female, as the male can be quite mean to her if she isn't ready to breed when he is. Larger rocks should be placed directly on the bottom of the aquarium since this species digs a lot and can move large stones. Use silica to glue caves and stone formations together so that they don't fall down.

This species hasn't got any bigger demands and thrives in most water conditions as long as pH and DH levels aren't too extreme in either direction.

P. managuense can be kept with other cichlids from the region as long as they aren't too small and can stand up for themselves. This is true for most cichlids species from Central America. P. managuense can be aggressive, but in my experience their aggressiveness is greatly exaggerated and P. managuense leaves most fishes alone. However, during breeding they will protect their young and their territory furiously, and since they are quite large they can claim large territories especially if normal boundaries aren't created in the aquarium. But I wish to stress that P. managuense normally isn't that aggressive and doesn't beat other fish to death. Just don't keep them with fish small enough to eat (except for Ancistrus which usually survive despite their small size).

Feeding P. managuense is easy and they accept just about any food. I recommend feeding them a diet of pellets, shrimps and fish bits. To vary the diet I sometimes feed them live feeders, usually convicts since it seems that one always have spare convicts one can't get rid of by selling or giving away. I usually feed my P. managuense twice a day with the occasional week without food.

Sexing P. managuense is usually easy and follows the line of most other cichlids. Females are smaller and rounder. Breeding P. managuense is according to my experience also easy as long as you give them their own aquarium. Breeding them in aquariums with other cichlids is harder, but not too hard. The biggest problem is deciding what to do with and how to raise the very large number of fry. Each spawning can generate up to 2000-3000 fry.

They are usually very good parents and the fry grow very fast. They guard their young for up to 6 weeks during which time the fry reach a size of 1.5 - 2 cm, or approximately ¾ inch. After that the parents spawn again and the fry have to be removed or the parents will kill them while protecting the new batch. However on rare occasions the parents can protect two batches simultaneously. This usually ends in the second batch being eaten by their older sisters and brothers, which will grow very fast on this diet. :-)

Spawnings are usually 4-7 weeks apart. They usually lay their eggs on a rock or root that has been carefully cleaned, and then dig very big craters right down to the glass bottom in which to keep their young. The fry are small but accept most kinds of food. The parents will spit out pellets that they've chewed into tiny pieces for the fry to eat. The growth rate I mentioned above is based on my own experiences when I feed only pellets. However, I don't recommend you to rely too heavily on the parents chewing food for their young. You might observe whether the fry get the food they need this way, but if they don't I recommend you feed the fry if you want them to survive.

Raising the fry without their parents is much harder and I wouldn't recommend separating fry unless it's absolutely necessary. If possible, it's better to wait a few weeks until the fry have grown a little.

If you like predatory fish and are willing to take my word that most of its reputation is undeserved, then I recommend you to try this very beautiful fish.

About The Author

Article by William Berg writer for Aquatic Community with more then 20 years of aquarium experience. Find more of Williams articles about other cichlids or maybe something completely different like dogs

Article may be reproduce as long as it is not edited and this resource box is included "as is with live links" on the bottom of the page. (Java links and PHP links are not allowed, I.e. SE friendly links only)


TODAYS NEWS BY OFFICEJAX FREE ADVERTISING AND AD EXCHANGE SOLUTIONSMORE PETS INFORMATION RESOURCES updated Tue. May / 11 / 2021

Pet of the Week: Hailey - Tysons Reporter
Pet of the Week: Hailey  Tysons Reporter

Pets adopted during the pandemic are being returned in record numbers - New York Post
Pets adopted during the pandemic are being returned in record numbers  New York Post

Pets of the week - Chicago Tribune
Pets of the week  Chicago Tribune

PACC needs help making room for incoming pets - Tucson Weekly
PACC needs help making room for incoming pets  Tucson Weekly

Understanding animal heat exhaustion for safe outings with your pets - WDVM 25
Understanding animal heat exhaustion for safe outings with your pets  WDVM 25

How to prepare your pets for hurricane season - WTSP.com
How to prepare your pets for hurricane season  WTSP.com

Houstonians returning pets they adopted during Covid lockdown - Houston Chronicle
Houstonians returning pets they adopted during Covid lockdown  Houston Chronicle

See The Latest Adoptable Pets In The Washington DC Area - Washington, DC Patch
See The Latest Adoptable Pets In The Washington DC Area  Washington, DC Patch

People Are Returning Their Pandemic Pets at Alarming Rates - Fatherly
People Are Returning Their Pandemic Pets at Alarming Rates  Fatherly

Pets adopted during the pandemic are being returned at record numbers: report - FOX 13 Tampa Bay
Pets adopted during the pandemic are being returned at record numbers: report  FOX 13 Tampa Bay

Defying predictions and anecdotes, Midstate and national pandemic pet shelter surrenders are down, not up - ABC27
Defying predictions and anecdotes, Midstate and national pandemic pet shelter surrenders are down, not up  ABC27

Meet Baxter, Penny, and Lady Delacroix, this week’s Pets of the Week in the San Gabriel Valley/Whittier - The San Gabriel Valley Tribune
Meet Baxter, Penny, and Lady Delacroix, this week’s Pets of the Week in the San Gabriel Valley/Whittier  The San Gabriel Valley Tribune

Livonia council approves leash law, shoots down weather guidelines for pet owners - Hometown Life
Livonia council approves leash law, shoots down weather guidelines for pet owners  Hometown Life

Experts share how to protect pets during peak tick season - WABI
Experts share how to protect pets during peak tick season  WABI

Phoenix woman faces multiple charges after malnourished dog and other pets rescued - ABC15 Arizona
Phoenix woman faces multiple charges after malnourished dog and other pets rescued  ABC15 Arizona

Helping pets through separation anxiety WCVB Boston - WCVB Boston
Helping pets through separation anxiety WCVB Boston  WCVB Boston

Best alien creatures in Mass Effect that can be pets - Windows Central
Best alien creatures in Mass Effect that can be pets  Windows Central

Commissaries offer savings for pet food, supplies in May - Dayton Daily News
Commissaries offer savings for pet food, supplies in May  Dayton Daily News

As more people return to work, more pets returned to shelters — but not in Chicago - WGN TV Chicago
As more people return to work, more pets returned to shelters — but not in Chicago  WGN TV Chicago

Low-cost rabies vaccine clinic for pets happening on James Island - WCBD News 2
Low-cost rabies vaccine clinic for pets happening on James Island  WCBD News 2

People Are Surrendering Their “Pandemic Pets” — Here's How to Rehome a Dog - Green Matters
People Are Surrendering Their “Pandemic Pets” — Here's How to Rehome a Dog  Green Matters

Furever Friends: Pets available for adoption - WJAC Johnstown
Furever Friends: Pets available for adoption  WJAC Johnstown

Texas ChainPaw Is Adoption for Horror Film Lookalike Pets - Nerdist
Texas ChainPaw Is Adoption for Horror Film Lookalike Pets  Nerdist

Pet Owners and Their Dogs Love Meilimiyu's Cooling Pet Blanket | PEOPLE.com - PEOPLE
Pet Owners and Their Dogs Love Meilimiyu's Cooling Pet Blanket | PEOPLE.com  PEOPLE

Family loses pets as firefighters battle flames from home in southeast Topeka - KSNT News
Family loses pets as firefighters battle flames from home in southeast Topeka  KSNT News

A passion to help pets: BG animal lover creates Facebook group - Sentinel-Tribune
A passion to help pets: BG animal lover creates Facebook group  Sentinel-Tribune

Talking About Pets | Kitten season is upon us - Daytona Beach News-Journal
Talking About Pets | Kitten season is upon us  Daytona Beach News-Journal

Pet Releaf® Focuses on Veterinarians with the Launch of Sentesa™ for Dogs - The Grand Junction Daily Sentinel
Pet Releaf® Focuses on Veterinarians with the Launch of Sentesa™ for Dogs  The Grand Junction Daily Sentinel

Pet Insurance Industry Breeds Record Growth; NAIC Grooms Model Act Discussion - JD Supra
Pet Insurance Industry Breeds Record Growth; NAIC Grooms Model Act Discussion  JD Supra

Shipt and Purina Launch Pet Lookalike Sweepstakes in Honor of National Pet Month - PRNewswire
Shipt and Purina Launch Pet Lookalike Sweepstakes in Honor of National Pet Month  PRNewswire

Do you look like your dog? Here’s how Houston pet-owners can win a year supply of food for their furry friend - KPRC Click2Houston
Do you look like your dog? Here’s how Houston pet-owners can win a year supply of food for their furry friend  KPRC Click2Houston

Eddington man who threatened to kill relative and pets in standoff pleads guilty to federal gun charge - Bangor Daily News
Eddington man who threatened to kill relative and pets in standoff pleads guilty to federal gun charge  Bangor Daily News

Neu-Tech Unveils a Pet Safe Sanitizing Blue Light That Kills a Wide Range of Bacteria - PRNewswire
Neu-Tech Unveils a Pet Safe Sanitizing Blue Light That Kills a Wide Range of Bacteria  PRNewswire

Did High Levels Of Forever Chemicals Make These NC Pets Sick? - WFAE
Did High Levels Of Forever Chemicals Make These NC Pets Sick?  WFAE

Pet food pantry growing and helping more pets across west Michigan - Fox17 - Fox17
Pet food pantry growing and helping more pets across west Michigan - Fox17  Fox17

PFAS found at high levels in pets near Chemours plant - NC Health News - North Carolina Health News
PFAS found at high levels in pets near Chemours plant - NC Health News  North Carolina Health News

Tolonen Family Pet Shop one of downtown Farmington's newest businesses - Hometown Life
Tolonen Family Pet Shop one of downtown Farmington's newest businesses  Hometown Life

The 16 best dog toys to entertain every type of dog in 2021 - NBC News
The 16 best dog toys to entertain every type of dog in 2021  NBC News

Creative Acres Sanctuary founder says owners are giving up 'pandemic pets' as they head back to work - The Denver Channel
Creative Acres Sanctuary founder says owners are giving up 'pandemic pets' as they head back to work  The Denver Channel

Graduating A&M student develops vitals-monitoring device for pets - Bryan-College Station Eagle
Graduating A&M student develops vitals-monitoring device for pets  Bryan-College Station Eagle

KCBD’s Pet of the Day: Meet Edna - KCBD
KCBD’s Pet of the Day: Meet Edna  KCBD

Some Houstonians are returning pets they adopted during pandemic - Houston Chronicle
Some Houstonians are returning pets they adopted during pandemic  Houston Chronicle

Pets meant to bring companionship during pandemic are being brought back to animal rescues - WRGB
Pets meant to bring companionship during pandemic are being brought back to animal rescues  WRGB

Tiger filmed roaming Houston raises concerns about exotic pet ownership in the Lone Star State - Fox News
Tiger filmed roaming Houston raises concerns about exotic pet ownership in the Lone Star State  Fox News

Pet of the Week: Noble - Newnan Times-Herald
Pet of the Week: Noble  Newnan Times-Herald

Pets of the week: Bonded cats looking for a home together - Duluth News Tribune
Pets of the week: Bonded cats looking for a home together  Duluth News Tribune

Sick puppy tales lead Orange County to consider ban of retail pet sales - Orlando Sentinel
Sick puppy tales lead Orange County to consider ban of retail pet sales  Orlando Sentinel

Nevada SPCA continuing Pet Food Pantry by appointment - KLAS - 8 News Now
Nevada SPCA continuing Pet Food Pantry by appointment  KLAS - 8 News Now

GRPD: Armed robbery at 28th St. pet supply store - WOODTV.com
GRPD: Armed robbery at 28th St. pet supply store  WOODTV.com

Exotic pets are in the spotlight at expo in Chesapeake - 13newsnow.com WVEC
Exotic pets are in the spotlight at expo in Chesapeake  13newsnow.com WVEC

N.J. pets in need: May 10, 2021 - nj.com
N.J. pets in need: May 10, 2021  nj.com

President of Answers Pet Food Addresses “False Narratives” Surrounding Company - PetProductNews.com
President of Answers Pet Food Addresses “False Narratives” Surrounding Company  PetProductNews.com

Second Chance opens online auction to help pets in need - WWLP.com
Second Chance opens online auction to help pets in need  WWLP.com

Meredith Debuts 'Paw Print,' Print Magazine For Pet Owners 05/12/2021 - MediaPost Communications
Meredith Debuts 'Paw Print,' Print Magazine For Pet Owners 05/12/2021  MediaPost Communications

Livonia senator's 'Beagle Bill' inspired by city's efforts to protect pets in cold weather - Hometown Life
Livonia senator's 'Beagle Bill' inspired by city's efforts to protect pets in cold weather  Hometown Life

Scruffy to Fluffy makeover for adoptable pet Buster - WATE 6 On Your Side
Scruffy to Fluffy makeover for adoptable pet Buster  WATE 6 On Your Side

Pet of the week - WOAI
Pet of the week  WOAI

Here's why you should clean and replace your pet's toys - Journal Times
Here's why you should clean and replace your pet's toys  Journal Times

Boston News Crew Spots and Saves Stolen Dog During Segment on the Missing Pet - PEOPLE
Boston News Crew Spots and Saves Stolen Dog During Segment on the Missing Pet  PEOPLE

FWC To Pet Owners: Tag Your Tegus... And Your Green Iguanas, Too! - WFSU
FWC To Pet Owners: Tag Your Tegus... And Your Green Iguanas, Too!  WFSU

Don’t forget your pets in your family’s emergency preparedness plan - WJXT News4JAX
Don’t forget your pets in your family’s emergency preparedness plan  WJXT News4JAX

How Losing a Pet Can Make You Stronger - The New York Times
How Losing a Pet Can Make You Stronger  The New York Times

How To Find Affordable Pet Insurance - Forbes
How To Find Affordable Pet Insurance  Forbes

Shelter pets find new forever homes thanks to recent adoption events - 69News WFMZ-TV
Shelter pets find new forever homes thanks to recent adoption events  69News WFMZ-TV

Adopt-A-Pet Tuesday: Sonata, Lennon & Moxie - 9 & 10 News - 9&10 News
Adopt-A-Pet Tuesday: Sonata, Lennon & Moxie - 9 & 10 News  9&10 News

No Kitten Around! OC Firefighters Called In Rescue Family Pet - Patch.com
No Kitten Around! OC Firefighters Called In Rescue Family Pet  Patch.com

Andis Partners with Celebrity Pet Groomer | Industry News | petbusiness.com - Pet Business Magazine
Andis Partners with Celebrity Pet Groomer | Industry News | petbusiness.com  Pet Business Magazine

Pandemic Pets and Pet Companionship: Seven Benefits/Considerations for Care Coordination and Estate Planning - JD Supra
Pandemic Pets and Pet Companionship: Seven Benefits/Considerations for Care Coordination and Estate Planning  JD Supra

Local pet services company collars new North Austin location after 'ruff' year - CultureMap Austin
Local pet services company collars new North Austin location after 'ruff' year  CultureMap Austin

Spike in pet surrenders prompts Virginia Beach SPCA to educate owners on separation anxiety as some return to work - WAVY.com
Spike in pet surrenders prompts Virginia Beach SPCA to educate owners on separation anxiety as some return to work  WAVY.com

Pet Advice: Considerations before boarding your dog - KSNT News
Pet Advice: Considerations before boarding your dog  KSNT News

Celebrity Pet Groomer Jess Rona Partners With Andis® Company To Engage Pet Parents Across The Globe With Award-winning Tools - PRNewswire
Celebrity Pet Groomer Jess Rona Partners With Andis® Company To Engage Pet Parents Across The Globe With Award-winning Tools  PRNewswire

Tampa Bay area pets hoping to be adopted - Tampa Bay Times
Tampa Bay area pets hoping to be adopted  Tampa Bay Times

Pet Expert on Microchipping Cats and Dogs: It's 'the Safest Way to Find and Keep Your Pets' - PEOPLE
Pet Expert on Microchipping Cats and Dogs: It's 'the Safest Way to Find and Keep Your Pets'  PEOPLE

‘The Traveling Zoo’: Life on the Road, With Pets at Their Side - The New York Times
‘The Traveling Zoo’: Life on the Road, With Pets at Their Side  The New York Times

Pet Cats Fall For Optical Illusions Too - NPR
Pet Cats Fall For Optical Illusions Too  NPR

Vegan couple banned from owning pets after feeding their severely malnourished puppies a meat-free diet - Yahoo! Voices
Vegan couple banned from owning pets after feeding their severely malnourished puppies a meat-free diet  Yahoo! Voices

Pet photos from USA TODAY readers to brighten your day - USA TODAY
Pet photos from USA TODAY readers to brighten your day  USA TODAY

Pet of the Week: May 11, 2021, Denise - WTVD-TV
Pet of the Week: May 11, 2021, Denise  WTVD-TV

National Pet Day 2021: The best deals you can still shop for your dog or cat - USA TODAY
National Pet Day 2021: The best deals you can still shop for your dog or cat  USA TODAY

The Unshakeable Interspecies Bond of Pet Moms - Vogue
The Unshakeable Interspecies Bond of Pet Moms  Vogue

Police hunt murder suspect's pet tiger - WXIX
Police hunt murder suspect's pet tiger  WXIX

"Texas ChainPaw Massacre" Helps You Adopt Pets That Look Like Animals from Horror Movies! - Bloody Disgusting
"Texas ChainPaw Massacre" Helps You Adopt Pets That Look Like Animals from Horror Movies!  Bloody Disgusting

10 Eco-Friendly Pet Products to Help You Celebrate Earth Day with Your Cat or Dog - PEOPLE
10 Eco-Friendly Pet Products to Help You Celebrate Earth Day with Your Cat or Dog  PEOPLE

Development Notes: Banfield Pet Hospital to Collins Town Center - Jacksonville Daily Record
Development Notes: Banfield Pet Hospital to Collins Town Center  Jacksonville Daily Record

Paws Abilities, a locally-owned pet store, now open on 41st Street - KELOLAND.com
Paws Abilities, a locally-owned pet store, now open on 41st Street  KELOLAND.com

Tampa Bay area pets hope to share their love with you - Tampa Bay Times
Tampa Bay area pets hope to share their love with you  Tampa Bay Times

Advocates, opponents of Illinois bill regulating retail pet stores push their position - The Center Square
Advocates, opponents of Illinois bill regulating retail pet stores push their position  The Center Square

Stolen pet dies shortly after return - WILX-TV
Stolen pet dies shortly after return  WILX-TV

Vote 4 the Best: Pets - Voting - WDIV ClickOnDetroit
Vote 4 the Best: Pets - Voting  WDIV ClickOnDetroit

NVA Compassion-First pet hospital taking shape in east Vancouver - The Columbian
NVA Compassion-First pet hospital taking shape in east Vancouver  The Columbian

15-year-old cockatiel allegedly stolen from Topic Waters Pet Center - WEAU
15-year-old cockatiel allegedly stolen from Topic Waters Pet Center  WEAU

National Adopt a Shelter Pet Day: 40 essentials for new pet owners - New York Post
National Adopt a Shelter Pet Day: 40 essentials for new pet owners  New York Post

Are our pets fueling climate change and environmental hazards? - Vox
Are our pets fueling climate change and environmental hazards?  Vox

Many Pandemic Pets In Colorado Need Fur-ever Homes… Again - CBS Denver
Many Pandemic Pets In Colorado Need Fur-ever Homes… Again  CBS Denver

Tampa Bay area pets looking for loving homes - Tampa Bay Times
Tampa Bay area pets looking for loving homes  Tampa Bay Times

Pet of the Week | Rescued from hoarding situation, Cypress looks for comfortable home - Santa Cruz Sentinel
Pet of the Week | Rescued from hoarding situation, Cypress looks for comfortable home  Santa Cruz Sentinel

Need More Cute Animal Content? Follow the Pets of Netflix's Pet Stars on Instagram! - POPSUGAR
Need More Cute Animal Content? Follow the Pets of Netflix's Pet Stars on Instagram!  POPSUGAR

'The Joy of Pets' topic of virtual women's forum - Santa Rosa Press Democrat
'The Joy of Pets' topic of virtual women's forum  Santa Rosa Press Democrat

Meet the Plus-Size Orphan Pets That Are Seeking New Homes and Healthier Routines in California - PEOPLE
Meet the Plus-Size Orphan Pets That Are Seeking New Homes and Healthier Routines in California  PEOPLE

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