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How To Grow Daphnia For The Aquarium


The benefits of feeding live food to fish in a community tank are many: live food will improve vigor and color, and more closely resemble the food found in the fish's natural habitat. Live food is easily obtained.

Some drawbacks include the transmission of diseases or parasites to the aquarium, it is time consuming to maintain the cultures, and a lot of space needs to be devoted to raising live foods. The cost of equipment and supplies needed to maintain cultures is also a consideration for the beginner.

In this article I will discuss how to raise Daphnia. This article will be part of an on-going series on live foods. You can find many more related pet articles from the pet information channel: at http://www.kingdiscus.com.

Daphnia belong to a group known as the Daphniidae, and are close relatives of the freshwater shrimp, and the brine shrimp (Artemia). Their generic name is generally referred to as "water flea." This common name is derived from the jerky movements of Daphnia in the water. The over 150 different species can be found in North America, with a similar amount of species growing in Europe. Some of these species find common ground on both continents.

Daphnia are a small crustacean, and are great to use as a fresh food because they will exist in the tank water until eaten by the fish. Daphnia can also be sterilized if it is felt necessary by placing in a 5% solution of Clorox for 3 to 5 minutes. Very few micro-organisms can survive this. Be sure, however, to rinse them thoroughly before feeding!

Daphnia can be raised both indoors and outside. Many people raise daphnia in a small children's wading pool. A more controlled environment, however, is done indoors, and can be done year round if one lives in northern climes. This can be as simple as a couple of two liter bottles, to a 20 gallon tub purchased from a store such as Menard's. The ideal situation is to have as much oxygenated surface area as possible, so if there is room for a larger container, by all means use it. A shallower environment suits daphnia best for prolific growth.

Setting up the environment for daphnia is quite simple. Many methods are used for collecting the water to use for the culture. The best advice I have heard is from Joe F. of Circle City Aquarium Club in Indianapolis, IN. He gave a presentation at the August meeting of Southwestern Michigan Aquarium Society, and recommends using tank water saved from a tank change. Joe has been raising live foods for a long time, and has had good success. His video presentation was top notch.

PH levels for successful Daphnia cultures should be in the range of 6-8, and should be more alkaline than acidic. If raised outdoors, no aeration is needed. If raised indoors, aeration should be adjusted to produce large bubbles. Small bubbles in the daphnia culture will cause the bubbles to become lodged in the carapace of the culture, and they will die.

Water temperatures for Daphnia magna are not a high requirement, but the optimal temperature should be in the 64-72 degree range. they are very tolerant to changes in temperature, and can withstand fluctuations down to freezing. In fact, Daphnia can be frozen and kept in the freezer, and then revived when needed. Moina withstand a higher fluctuation in temperature than do D. magna.

Lighting should be in the neighborhood of eight or more hours light per day and light intensity equal to or greater than 850 lux. A simple light and a timer can accomplish this indoors.

Feeding the Daphnia is where most aquarists fail. Daphnia feed on dissolved organic matter, yeast, various groups of bacteria, microalgae, and detritus, or mulm. Organic fertilizers, such as fresh cow manure. It is not recommended by our breeder, though, because of the antibiotics and supplements fed to dairy and beef cattle. A much better mixture is a combination of one tablespoon each of spirulina, soy flour, and active dry yeast, added to a pint of water. This mixture should be added so that the water is cloudy, but you are able to see the bottom clearly, and observe the Daphnia swimming in the culture. This mixture should be added carefully every two or three days, being careful not to over feed. At this time, you should see an abundance of Daphnia, and they can be harvested to feed your fish.

Harvesting is quite simple - simply use a small aquarium net, observing that the smaller Daphnia fall through the netting to grow further. In this way, the adults are harvested, and can be fed to your fish. The younger Daphnia can go on to produce still more fish food. Harvested Daphnia can be kept in the refrigerator for several days in clean water.

Daphnia are high in protein, and a very good diet for tropical fish. Some aquarists feed them exclusively. They provide up to 70% protein to your tropical fish, and are an excellent source of live food for the aquarium.

Much can be written on the culturing of Daphnia. This guide is only meant to help the beginner to live foods to establish a colony, and feed live food high in protein to their fish. A series of article on live foods is forthcoming, and can be viewed at http://www.kingdiscus.com.

Alden Smith is a published author, and has been marketing on the internet for 7 years. Read more articles at his website, King Discus, an active gathering place for discus breeders and lovers of discus fish. His wife Betsy is the administrator of All The Best Recipes a site rich in free online recipes and cookbooks.


TODAYS NEWS BY OFFICEJAX FREE ADVERTISING AND AD EXCHANGE SOLUTIONSMORE PETS INFORMATION RESOURCES updated Fri. May / 29 / 2020

3 ways your pets feel the COVID-19 anxiety, too - Futurity: Research News
3 ways your pets feel the COVID-19 anxiety, too  Futurity: Research News

Pets Q&A: Dealing with a digger - Minneapolis Star Tribune
Pets Q&A: Dealing with a digger  Minneapolis Star Tribune

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Pets of the Week | Pets  Index-Journal

How to introduce a new dog to other pets - WTOC
How to introduce a new dog to other pets  WTOC

Briona and more pets up for adoption in Phoenix-area shelters this week - AZCentral
Briona and more pets up for adoption in Phoenix-area shelters this week  AZCentral

Captain’s Log: Pet Food Oddities for Odd Pets During the Pandemic - Noozhawk
Captain’s Log: Pet Food Oddities for Odd Pets During the Pandemic  Noozhawk

Letter: Legislation would protect pets, livestock and people - Reading Eagle
Letter: Legislation would protect pets, livestock and people  Reading Eagle

Rio animal shelter delivers pets to Brazilians in lockdown – in pictures - The Guardian
Rio animal shelter delivers pets to Brazilians in lockdown – in pictures  The Guardian

Your pets are stressed out, too - Purdue News Service
Your pets are stressed out, too  Purdue News Service

Is it safe to take your pet to groomers as states reopen? Here’s what experts say - Fresno Bee
Is it safe to take your pet to groomers as states reopen? Here’s what experts say  Fresno Bee

Animals Matter: How to prepare your pet and prevent separation anxiety when you return to work - San Antonio Express-News
Animals Matter: How to prepare your pet and prevent separation anxiety when you return to work  San Antonio Express-News

10 things to do with pets in L.A. this coronavirus summer - Los Angeles Times
10 things to do with pets in L.A. this coronavirus summer  Los Angeles Times

Fire and Rescue saves ten pets from house fire in Toledo, Ohio - WCYB
Fire and Rescue saves ten pets from house fire in Toledo, Ohio  WCYB

A Paws for Pets - York News-Times
A Paws for Pets  York News-Times

Betty Chinn's Homeless Foundation Receives Grant to Care for Pets - North Coast Journal
Betty Chinn's Homeless Foundation Receives Grant to Care for Pets  North Coast Journal

Adoptable pets for May 29-June 4 - Knoxville News Sentinel
Adoptable pets for May 29-June 4  Knoxville News Sentinel

You likely won't get COVID-19 from your pets—but you could give it to them - Medical Xpress
You likely won't get COVID-19 from your pets—but you could give it to them  Medical Xpress

Pets perish in fire | News, Sports, Jobs - Fort Dodge Messenger
Pets perish in fire | News, Sports, Jobs  Fort Dodge Messenger

Pet Of The Week And Free Food For Pets - The Transylvania Times
Pet Of The Week And Free Food For Pets  The Transylvania Times

dvm360® and Banfield Pet Hospital Set to Host Virtual Career Fair - Odessa American
dvm360® and Banfield Pet Hospital Set to Host Virtual Career Fair  Odessa American

Animal Welfare League of Alexandria distributes 5K pounds of free pet supplies during coronavirus pandemic - WTOP
Animal Welfare League of Alexandria distributes 5K pounds of free pet supplies during coronavirus pandemic  WTOP

Pet of the Week Ruby | News - Independent Tribune
Pet of the Week Ruby | News  Independent Tribune

'The Kaylee Project' warns against dangers of leaving pets, kids in hot cars - WBAY
'The Kaylee Project' warns against dangers of leaving pets, kids in hot cars  WBAY

Global Pet Oral Care Products Market Forecast to Generate Revenue of USD 2.81 billion by end of 2025 - PRNewswire
Global Pet Oral Care Products Market Forecast to Generate Revenue of USD 2.81 billion by end of 2025  PRNewswire

Yolo County Animal Shelter shares tips on taking care of pets during the summer heat - ABC10.com KXTV
Yolo County Animal Shelter shares tips on taking care of pets during the summer heat  ABC10.com KXTV

Rescue pets of the week: Ella and Shadow and Pirate and Slipper - SC Times
Rescue pets of the week: Ella and Shadow and Pirate and Slipper  SC Times

Toledo Fire and Rescue saves ten pets from house fire in East Toledo - WNWO NBC 24
Toledo Fire and Rescue saves ten pets from house fire in East Toledo  WNWO NBC 24

Oshkosh Area Humane Society has small pets for adoption - WBAY
Oshkosh Area Humane Society has small pets for adoption  WBAY

Man’s grooming routine for ‘pets’ will make you ROFL. Watch - Hindustan Times
Man’s grooming routine for ‘pets’ will make you ROFL. Watch  Hindustan Times

Give Back Thursday: H.O.P.E. For Animals – low cost vet for pets - WANE
Give Back Thursday: H.O.P.E. For Animals – low cost vet for pets  WANE

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How to Cope with Losing a Pet  Tufts Now

Pets of the week: Muese is a sight for sore eyes - Bucks County Courier Times
Pets of the week: Muese is a sight for sore eyes  Bucks County Courier Times

Pets of the Week: Speckles and Blythe - Daily Bulldog
Pets of the Week: Speckles and Blythe  Daily Bulldog

Craven-Pamlico pets of the week - New Bern Sun Journal
Craven-Pamlico pets of the week  New Bern Sun Journal

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Homeward Bound Pet Rescue's Pet of the Week - Simon - Gilmer  Fetchyournews.com

PET OF THE WEEK, JUNE 1, 2020: MEET NALA - wvua23.com
PET OF THE WEEK, JUNE 1, 2020: MEET NALA  wvua23.com

Adoptable Pet Of The Week - Sol - Santa Monica Daily Press
Adoptable Pet Of The Week - Sol  Santa Monica Daily Press

Greeley cop log: ‘Cracked out’ women fight on yard; upstairs pets relieve themselves on porch, leaking to lower level - Greeley Tribune
Greeley cop log: ‘Cracked out’ women fight on yard; upstairs pets relieve themselves on porch, leaking to lower level  Greeley Tribune

Local pet kennel comes to aid of victims of abuse and their pets - Steamboat Pilot & Today
Local pet kennel comes to aid of victims of abuse and their pets  Steamboat Pilot & Today

DIGGING DEEPER: Pandemic pet problem - KVOA Tucson News
DIGGING DEEPER: Pandemic pet problem  KVOA Tucson News

Veterinarian Addresses Concerns About Pets & COVID-19 - WHMI
Veterinarian Addresses Concerns About Pets & COVID-19  WHMI

AWLA Provides 5,000 Lbs. of Pet Supplies to Pet Owners This Spring - Alexandria Living Magazine
AWLA Provides 5,000 Lbs. of Pet Supplies to Pet Owners This Spring  Alexandria Living Magazine

KCBD’s Pet of the Day: Meet Coco - KCBD
KCBD’s Pet of the Day: Meet Coco  KCBD

24 Adoptable Shelter Pets Available Right Now in San Antonio - San Antonio Current
24 Adoptable Shelter Pets Available Right Now in San Antonio  San Antonio Current

Pets of the Week: May 28, 2020 - WSIL TV
Pets of the Week: May 28, 2020  WSIL TV

Furloughed workers hold pet food drive - WANE
Furloughed workers hold pet food drive  WANE

Colonial Capital pets of the week - New Bern Sun Journal
Colonial Capital pets of the week  New Bern Sun Journal

Ariana Grande Has Almost 1 Dozen Pets; Here Are Their Names and Types - Showbiz Cheat Sheet
Ariana Grande Has Almost 1 Dozen Pets; Here Are Their Names and Types  Showbiz Cheat Sheet

Are you paying more attention to your dog or cat during coronavirus quarantine? You're not alone, survey shows - USA TODAY
Are you paying more attention to your dog or cat during coronavirus quarantine? You're not alone, survey shows  USA TODAY

Pet Tales: Guardian Angels train and meet up with partners, finally - Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
Pet Tales: Guardian Angels train and meet up with partners, finally  Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

Virus delays flooding solutions at Austin Pets Alive! building - KXAN.com
Virus delays flooding solutions at Austin Pets Alive! building  KXAN.com

PetValu invites pet owners to enter photo calendar contest - Middletown Press
PetValu invites pet owners to enter photo calendar contest  Middletown Press

May 29 roundup: Lawsuit protections, no layoffs and Pet Friday - Inside Higher Ed
May 29 roundup: Lawsuit protections, no layoffs and Pet Friday  Inside Higher Ed

18 products that actually remove pet hair - USA TODAY
18 products that actually remove pet hair  USA TODAY

Online Pet Adoptions a Success, Chicago Shelters Say - WTTW News
Online Pet Adoptions a Success, Chicago Shelters Say  WTTW News

Hidden Paws Network helping pet owners in need with free food, supplies - WeAreGreenBay.com
Hidden Paws Network helping pet owners in need with free food, supplies  WeAreGreenBay.com

Animal Humane Society hoping families adopt pocket pets who still need a home - KSTP
Animal Humane Society hoping families adopt pocket pets who still need a home  KSTP

How to Handle Your Pet's Anxiety - Lifehacker
How to Handle Your Pet's Anxiety  Lifehacker

Thief makes off with dozens of puppies and birds from Bronx pet store - New York Post
Thief makes off with dozens of puppies and birds from Bronx pet store  New York Post

Adopting a Pet During the Coronavirus Pandemic - NBC 10 Philadelphia
Adopting a Pet During the Coronavirus Pandemic  NBC 10 Philadelphia

Pet Talk | Features | mtexpress.com - Idaho Mountain Express and Guide
Pet Talk | Features | mtexpress.com  Idaho Mountain Express and Guide

Mass. Pets Getting Seriously Hurt in Grooming Mishaps, Veterinarians Say - nbcboston.com
Mass. Pets Getting Seriously Hurt in Grooming Mishaps, Veterinarians Say  nbcboston.com

Families Foster Classroom Pets During Coronavirus Shutdown - NPR
Families Foster Classroom Pets During Coronavirus Shutdown  NPR

Local veterinarians seeing an increase of pets with snake bites - WBRC
Local veterinarians seeing an increase of pets with snake bites  WBRC

This is what happens to the pets left behind when their owners die from coronavirus - CNN
This is what happens to the pets left behind when their owners die from coronavirus  CNN

Grad student ‘brings’ pets to group homes - University of Georgia
Grad student ‘brings’ pets to group homes  University of Georgia

Coronavirus and pets: Scams exploit animal lovers in crisis - Los Angeles Times
Coronavirus and pets: Scams exploit animal lovers in crisis  Los Angeles Times

Pet of the Week, May 29, 2020 | News | kokomotribune.com - Kokomo Tribune
Pet of the Week, May 29, 2020 | News | kokomotribune.com  Kokomo Tribune

N.J. pets in need: May 25, 2020 - nj.com
N.J. pets in need: May 25, 2020  nj.com

Your quarantined pet may be acting odd. Here’s how to help. - The Washington Post
Your quarantined pet may be acting odd. Here’s how to help.  The Washington Post

Local realtors team up with animal rescue for pet food giveaway in Boardman - WKBN.com
Local realtors team up with animal rescue for pet food giveaway in Boardman  WKBN.com

Which Celebrity's Pets Would You Want to Quarantine With? Vote! - Billboard
Which Celebrity's Pets Would You Want to Quarantine With? Vote!  Billboard

This Nationwide Virtual Pet Adoption Is a ‘First-Ever’ - NBC Southern California
This Nationwide Virtual Pet Adoption Is a ‘First-Ever’  NBC Southern California

Will pets have separation anxiety when we go back to work? - Globalnews.ca
Will pets have separation anxiety when we go back to work?  Globalnews.ca

Pets strange behavior amid COVID-19 - 11Alive.com WXIA
Pets strange behavior amid COVID-19  11Alive.com WXIA

How to tell your dog or cat that Beshear said it's OK to leave and go back to work now - Courier Journal
How to tell your dog or cat that Beshear said it's OK to leave and go back to work now  Courier Journal

Pets and the Humans Who Loved Them - The Wall Street Journal
Pets and the Humans Who Loved Them  The Wall Street Journal

Pets will feel the shock when you go back to work. Here's how you can help - KUTV 2News
Pets will feel the shock when you go back to work. Here's how you can help  KUTV 2News

Man stabbed his dog, dumped pet in garbage bin, police say - The Spokesman-Review
Man stabbed his dog, dumped pet in garbage bin, police say  The Spokesman-Review

Protecting the pets | Toledo Blade - Toledo Blade
Protecting the pets | Toledo Blade  Toledo Blade

Veterinarians reveal the biggest mistakes you're making when buying toys for your pets - Insider - INSIDER
Veterinarians reveal the biggest mistakes you're making when buying toys for your pets - Insider  INSIDER

We have 19 special pets ready to be adopted: May 23-24 - SILive.com
We have 19 special pets ready to be adopted: May 23-24  SILive.com

Owner's negative energy may adversely impact pets - The Daily Journal
Owner's negative energy may adversely impact pets  The Daily Journal

Pet of the Week: Meet Tyson - The News-Messenger
Pet of the Week: Meet Tyson  The News-Messenger

9 organizations giving a voice to US pet food processors - Pet Food Processing
9 organizations giving a voice to US pet food processors  Pet Food Processing

Hill's Pet Nutrition to Support Animal Shelters Impacted by COVID-19 - PetProductNews.com
Hill's Pet Nutrition to Support Animal Shelters Impacted by COVID-19  PetProductNews.com

Meet this week’s Perfect Pet: Pablo - WSAV-TV
Meet this week’s Perfect Pet: Pablo  WSAV-TV

Pet of the Week: Meet Gaia! - WKOW
Pet of the Week: Meet Gaia!  WKOW

Nightmare scenarios as travelers attempt to fly with pets amid coronavirus - ABC News
Nightmare scenarios as travelers attempt to fly with pets amid coronavirus  ABC News

Cumberland County family looking for escaped pet bird - ABC27
Cumberland County family looking for escaped pet bird  ABC27

Pets for Life helps Madison pet owners survive the pandemic - Madison.com
Pets for Life helps Madison pet owners survive the pandemic  Madison.com

How Safe Are Pets from Coronavirus? - Yahoo Finance
How Safe Are Pets from Coronavirus?  Yahoo Finance

Local veterinarian gives tips on preventing pet separation anxiety - 47abc - WMDT
Local veterinarian gives tips on preventing pet separation anxiety - 47abc  WMDT

How to adopt your next pet safely and virtually - The Verge
How to adopt your next pet safely and virtually  The Verge

Kennels at Austin Pets Alive! flood due to severe weather - FOX 7 Austin
Kennels at Austin Pets Alive! flood due to severe weather  FOX 7 Austin

Expert Tips on How to Keep Pets Happy and Safe at Home During the Coronavirus Pandemic - PEOPLE
Expert Tips on How to Keep Pets Happy and Safe at Home During the Coronavirus Pandemic  PEOPLE

'People are looking for love': Adoptions of dogs, cats skyrocket during coronavirus pandemic - Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
'People are looking for love': Adoptions of dogs, cats skyrocket during coronavirus pandemic  Milwaukee Journal Sentinel

Integrative Pet Vet column: Outdoors, springtime and eyes - Glenwood Springs Post Independent
Integrative Pet Vet column: Outdoors, springtime and eyes  Glenwood Springs Post Independent

Pet cemetery abruptly closes, leaving pet owners shocked - WOAI
Pet cemetery abruptly closes, leaving pet owners shocked  WOAI

What to know before taking a pet to the groomer in Massachusetts during the coronavirus pandemic - MassLive.com
What to know before taking a pet to the groomer in Massachusetts during the coronavirus pandemic  MassLive.com

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