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Canine Communication and Body Language


A couple of years ago a Japanese electronics company came up with a Gizmo which they claimed could convert dogs barks, yips and whines into human language, thereby allowing us to understand "Doggie" speak for the first time. I was on a radio program recently, discussing the merits and usefulness of a new dog collar that was also a mobile phone. You could ring up and converse with your dog at any time and enjoy a nice cosy chat. You might as well text your pet for all the good phoning it would do; the mostly likely outcome of this idea would be to startle and frighten your pet.

In reality, real canine language is not just verbal; it is a rich visual language, where dogs are able to converse with each other irrespective of breed or nationality. A Collie from Wales can converse with an Akita from Japan and a Poodle living in France with a village dog in Ethiopia.

Dogs have a truly universal language that can be incredibly subtle and wide ranging. This marvellous language is one that we can also learn and understand, and through that ability communicate with our dogs far more effectively.

However this is a language that needs to be practiced for our dogs to be fluent. That is why early socialisation, puppy classes, and controlled play with other vaccinated dogs is so vitally important, especially in the critical periods from 7 to 16 weeks. As a behaviorist I get to treat many of these animals that are unable to give calming signals or are stunted in their ability to meet and greet because of the lack of early socialisation.

These are normally the ones that have fear and animosity towards other dogs and sometimes humans, culminating in the most common aggression of all "Fear". In many cases, they are unable to understand or signal their intentions; a classic example is boxers who are often attacked by other dogs. They have been bred with flattened features that are almost immobile, then we dock their tail to a tiny useless stub, making them unable to display some of the facial and tail signals that are so important in the greeting ritual.

I said earlier that we can learn this language, however some aspects of canine language are so complex, that we cannot even start to reproduce it with our puny two legs, small immobile ears, and lack of tail.

We are further hampered by the fact that we tend to think that our pets can understand complex thought patterns; we assume a dog's level of understanding is on a par with our own. This is known as "anthropomorphism", the dictionary definition is "The attribution of human motivation, characteristics, or behavior to nonhuman organisms or inanimate objects". It is a bit like saying that a vine climbed up the tree to getter a better view of the garden.

Dogs and Vocalisation

Dogs do bark and vocalise it is a part of their ability to converse, however this is only one factor in your dogs language repertoire, effectively when they bark they are saying "Heyyyyy". This can be happy, demanding or questioning. They also communicate verbally in other ways the excited Yip when you get the lead out, the bark they make when someone is at the door, quite different from the nervous bark when they hear something unusual.

Having said that true communication comes from the glance, the head position, the body posture, and a myriad of other signals constantly being passed back and forth. Dogs try to converse with us, but without understanding the subtly of the language we often miss most of what they are trying to convey. This can cause misunderstanding and confusion and may be one of the main reasons we get the behavioral problems we see today.

Greeting and Appeasing Signals

We humans are the direct descendants of primates including ape's chimpanzees, bonobos and gorillas. That is not to denigrate our unique position on the evolutionary ladder, but our heritage is none the less, Primate. Dog's ancestry is intrinsically linked to the wolf, therefore Canids, which include wolves, coyotes, and jackals, a very different species with very different body language.

Where communication sometimes breaks down is when we greet other species, we tend approach then as we would humans, face on making full eye contact; we often hug, face to face, putting our faces close together. Just look at the common greeting of kissing both cheeks. To a dog, this is a threatening gesture and is deemed rude and inappropriate.

Have you ever seen dogs hug? In the main most of our pets suffer this indignity in silence but not always. This is one of the reasons people are bitten, especially young children under five, who tend to cuddle everything they can get their hands on. This coupled with the fact that you cannot negotiate with a child under five, you have more chance of negotiating with a terrorist. Ask any mother, this sadly makes the toddler one of the most frequent victims of dog bites.

If you stand over a dog and ruffle the top of its head this can also be perceived as threatening, imagine someone coming up to you and ruffling your hair every time you met, how would you feel?

Turid Rugaas (1) The Norwegian behaviorist and acknowledged expert on reading the intricate body language of our canine companion's states that dogs have a highly developed set of calming signals that act as diffusers of aggression and conflict. These signals include circling, lip licking, yawning, sniffing the ground, looking away, moving very slowly and deliberately, the body shake as if shedding water, distracted sniffing, and either sitting or lying down. These signals are aimed at other dogs but are also directed at us, who are also perceived loosely as pack members.

Just as we expect our pets to understand our every word, then dogs think we can interpret their signals, quite often these are the ones we miss when our dogs are stressed or worried. If you can spot them you can actually signal back calming gestures in response such as yawning, lip licking, moving slowly, and looking away. This helps to diffuse the situation and relax your pet.

If you think about it, these actions are the opposite of the aggressive stance that dogs take as a prequel to an attack or dogfight.

Aggression

As opposed to the calming signals, this body language is initially easier to read and includes ears pinned back flat against head, or sometimes pointed forward, hackles raised, hard stare, low head stance, stiff legged walk, lips skinned back, and tail either upright and quivering or straight out not wagging. There may be low growling or a snarl. Sometimes the dog gives a whale eye this is when the head is turned slightly away but the eyes showing the whites are turned towards you. This is often the look when the dog is guarding something like a bone. All these signals are a threat, the dog is saying stop what you are doing or there could be violence.

In Wolf packs these threat displays are a way of controlling the hierarchical structure, the breeding males and females will control their pack position by these overtly aggressive stance . Rarely does it turn into violence these animals cannot really afford to be injured or hurt in an all out fight, therefore threat displays normally suffice.

Because of our and sometimes other dogs, inability to read the postures and body language and give calming signals in return means that sometimes the threats can actually escalate into physical violence.

Timid Dogs: If you find that your dog is very fearful or timid round strangers get them to walk him on a lead with you, it calms and gives confidence to the stressed dog, make sure you are walking next to the dog at the same time

In conclusion, we need to watch and learn from our pets, if you write down the numerous signals your pet gives and in what context you will gradually build up an understanding of what he is saying to you.

You can then signal back appeasing signals in return turn your head away, yawn, or lick your lips at a fearful or aggressive dog and you may just diffuse the situation.

With practice, you should find yourself more able to communicate with your dog with a more enriched and sophisticated vocabulary. This will benefit both you and your dog and allow you to have a better understanding and more relaxed relationship with your pet.

Stan Rawlinson
© June 2005

Dog Behaviorist and Obedience Trainer, Stan Rawlinson has owned and worked dogs for over 25 years, starting with gundogs but also specialising in the behavioral and obedience side of training companion dogs. He now has a successful practice covering Greater London, Surrey, and Middlesex.

Stan is recommended by numerous Vets, Rescue Centres, and Charities and writes for numerous magazines including Dogs Monthly, Our Dogs and K9 Magazine he also serves as an expert on K9 Magazine's Animal Advisory Panel.

http://www.doglistener.co.uk enquiries@doglistener.co.uk 0208 979 2019


TODAYS NEWS BY OFFICEJAX FREE ADVERTISING AND AD EXCHANGE SOLUTIONSMORE PETS INFORMATION RESOURCES updated Wed. August / 05 / 2020

Dollars and Pets: Protecting your pets from summer dangers - The Mercury News
Dollars and Pets: Protecting your pets from summer dangers  The Mercury News

Coronavirus in pets, French research strategy and a duplication detector - Nature.com
Coronavirus in pets, French research strategy and a duplication detector  Nature.com

San Antonio Pets Alive! places two dogs up for adoption after owner dies of COVID-19 complications - KSAT San Antonio
San Antonio Pets Alive! places two dogs up for adoption after owner dies of COVID-19 complications  KSAT San Antonio

PETS - THE BLOUNT COUNTIAN
PETS  THE BLOUNT COUNTIAN

Pet of the Week | Pets | thecrier.net - Dunwoody Crier
Pet of the Week | Pets | thecrier.net  Dunwoody Crier

Aug 3 Facts about CBD and pets - Jill Lopez
Aug 3 Facts about CBD and pets  Jill Lopez

Pasco to end retail pet store sales of dogs and cats - Tampa Bay Times
Pasco to end retail pet store sales of dogs and cats  Tampa Bay Times

Brandywine Valley SPCA adopts out more than 100 pets in less than a week - 47abc - WMDT
Brandywine Valley SPCA adopts out more than 100 pets in less than a week - 47abc  WMDT

After months at home, how will pets cope when we go back to work? - New Jersey 101.5 FM Radio
After months at home, how will pets cope when we go back to work?  New Jersey 101.5 FM Radio

Local animal shelter sees pets surrendered, separated from families after Hanna - KGBT-TV
Local animal shelter sees pets surrendered, separated from families after Hanna  KGBT-TV

Pets killed in mobile home fire near Paw Paw - WWMT-TV
Pets killed in mobile home fire near Paw Paw  WWMT-TV

PCS'ing with Pets: Covid-19 Updates and Guidance - Stripes Japan
PCS'ing with Pets: Covid-19 Updates and Guidance  Stripes Japan

Woman trying to save pets rescued from burning home in New Castle - TribLIVE
Woman trying to save pets rescued from burning home in New Castle  TribLIVE

Hot Pets Aren't Cool | News | parkerpioneer.net - Parker Pioneer
Hot Pets Aren't Cool | News | parkerpioneer.net  Parker Pioneer

How to protect your pets from getting lost - WDIV ClickOnDetroit
How to protect your pets from getting lost  WDIV ClickOnDetroit

Pets of the Week: 8-4-2020 – WBKB 11 - WBKB-TV
Pets of the Week: 8-4-2020 – WBKB 11  WBKB-TV

Pets of the Week - Clarksville Now
Pets of the Week  Clarksville Now

Calling all pets! Here's how to become a KVMR pin-up calendar critter - The Union of Grass Valley
Calling all pets! Here's how to become a KVMR pin-up calendar critter  The Union of Grass Valley

Marion County Pets: Burgess and Pooh - WCJB
Marion County Pets: Burgess and Pooh  WCJB

Army vet finds peace fostering pets, finding them homes - ArmyTimes.com
Army vet finds peace fostering pets, finding them homes  ArmyTimes.com

Give a good home to one of these North State pets - Redding Record Searchlight
Give a good home to one of these North State pets  Redding Record Searchlight

Harris County Pets announces free adoption days in August - Community Impact Newspaper
Harris County Pets announces free adoption days in August  Community Impact Newspaper

Can dogs get coronavirus? Yes, a Louisiana dog just did. Here's what pet owners should know. - The Advocate
Can dogs get coronavirus? Yes, a Louisiana dog just did. Here's what pet owners should know.  The Advocate

August is Pet Digestive Health Month.. 3 Tips to Support Your Pet's Immune System - Islander News.com
August is Pet Digestive Health Month.. 3 Tips to Support Your Pet's Immune System  Islander News.com

'He don't talk back to me!' Seniors receive robot pets to help with quarantine loneliness - WCVB Boston
'He don't talk back to me!' Seniors receive robot pets to help with quarantine loneliness  WCVB Boston

Good Day Pets – Joey & Gracie! - KCAU 9
Good Day Pets – Joey & Gracie!  KCAU 9

Palm Springs Animal Shelter says pet surrenders happening due to coronavirus pandemic - Desert Sun
Palm Springs Animal Shelter says pet surrenders happening due to coronavirus pandemic  Desert Sun

Pets and COVID-19: Humans can pass on coronavirus to dogs and cats, study finds | Daily Sabah - Daily Sabah
Pets and COVID-19: Humans can pass on coronavirus to dogs and cats, study finds | Daily Sabah  Daily Sabah

Set an Alarm for 'Connection Time' With Your Kids and Pets - Lifehacker
Set an Alarm for 'Connection Time' With Your Kids and Pets  Lifehacker

Is El Paso Animal Services no longer accepting stray pets? - KFOX El Paso
Is El Paso Animal Services no longer accepting stray pets?  KFOX El Paso

Help #ClearTheShelters by Adopting One of These Lovable Pets - NBC4 Washington
Help #ClearTheShelters by Adopting One of These Lovable Pets  NBC4 Washington

Pets of the Week: Aug. 3 - The Herald-News
Pets of the Week: Aug. 3  The Herald-News

Animatronic Pets Are Coming To RMC - The Roundup
Animatronic Pets Are Coming To RMC  The Roundup

Alligators make terrible pets: 'You're basically dealing with a dinosaur.' - National Geographic
Alligators make terrible pets: 'You're basically dealing with a dinosaur.'  National Geographic

Smithtown Adoptable Pets Of The Week: 4 Kittens - Smithtown, NY Patch
Smithtown Adoptable Pets Of The Week: 4 Kittens  Smithtown, NY Patch

Pets of the week, Aug. 5 | Hickory News - Hickory Daily Record
Pets of the week, Aug. 5 | Hickory News  Hickory Daily Record

This Owl Cafe In Russia With Birds As Pets Is A 'Hoot' With Visitors! - NDTV Food
This Owl Cafe In Russia With Birds As Pets Is A 'Hoot' With Visitors!  NDTV Food

Adorable Adoptable Pets Of The Week In Howard County - Ellicott City, MD Patch
Adorable Adoptable Pets Of The Week In Howard County  Ellicott City, MD Patch

Former Soldier Finds Peace Fostering Pets, Finding them Homes - Military.com
Former Soldier Finds Peace Fostering Pets, Finding them Homes  Military.com

Northport Adoptable Pets Of The Week: Miles & Percy - Northport, NY Patch
Northport Adoptable Pets Of The Week: Miles & Percy  Northport, NY Patch

Pets in Need: Gunner - Prescott Daily Courier
Pets in Need: Gunner  Prescott Daily Courier

PHOTOS: Gwinnett Animal Shelter Adoptable Pets of the Week -- Aug. 3 - Gwinnettdailypost.com
PHOTOS: Gwinnett Animal Shelter Adoptable Pets of the Week -- Aug. 3  Gwinnettdailypost.com

Redefining an Industry, Trupanion Marks 20 Years of Innovation and Customer Trust - GlobeNewswire
Redefining an Industry, Trupanion Marks 20 Years of Innovation and Customer Trust  GlobeNewswire

Did Colorado Parks And Wildlife Have To Kill That Pet Fox? - Colorado Public Radio
Did Colorado Parks And Wildlife Have To Kill That Pet Fox?  Colorado Public Radio

Pets of the Week August 3 - 7 - The Hartselle Enquirer - Hartselle Enquirer
Pets of the Week August 3 - 7 - The Hartselle Enquirer  Hartselle Enquirer

Majority of Pet Owners Give Their Pets Some Homemade Food - The Bark
Majority of Pet Owners Give Their Pets Some Homemade Food  The Bark

Pet owners bonding with their dogs, cats during pandemic - Kankakee Daily Journal
Pet owners bonding with their dogs, cats during pandemic  Kankakee Daily Journal

Record spike in pet adoptions, fostering amid pandemic - KSAT San Antonio
Record spike in pet adoptions, fostering amid pandemic  KSAT San Antonio

East Bay pets of the week for Aug. 7 - East Bay Times
East Bay pets of the week for Aug. 7  East Bay Times

Is COVID-19 Stressing Out Your Pets? More Than You May Think! - Legal Reader
Is COVID-19 Stressing Out Your Pets? More Than You May Think!  Legal Reader

Adorable Adoptable Pets Of The Week For Baltimore County - Dundalk, MD Patch
Adorable Adoptable Pets Of The Week For Baltimore County  Dundalk, MD Patch

Seattle Fire Department Urges Residents Not To Leave Kids Or Pets In The Car - Patch.com
Seattle Fire Department Urges Residents Not To Leave Kids Or Pets In The Car  Patch.com

Knox PAWS in need of pet food, collars, leashes - WBIR.com
Knox PAWS in need of pet food, collars, leashes  WBIR.com

Clear the Shelters campaign aims to find pets forever homes - KSNB
Clear the Shelters campaign aims to find pets forever homes  KSNB

N.J. pets in need: Aug. 3, 2020 - nj.com
N.J. pets in need: Aug. 3, 2020  nj.com

Tampa named most pet-friendly city in WalletHub survey; St. Petersburg No. 26 - Tampa Bay Times
Tampa named most pet-friendly city in WalletHub survey; St. Petersburg No. 26  Tampa Bay Times

Roice-Hurst Pet of the Week: 'Meet Gryffin - KJCT
Roice-Hurst Pet of the Week: 'Meet Gryffin  KJCT

Madison apartment fire displaces 5 people, 3 pets - Channel3000.com - WISC-TV3
Madison apartment fire displaces 5 people, 3 pets  Channel3000.com - WISC-TV3

People, pets rescued from home in Cherry Grove after high water levels - WBTW
People, pets rescued from home in Cherry Grove after high water levels  WBTW

Take veterinary advice from a vet, not a pet food store - Los Angeles Times
Take veterinary advice from a vet, not a pet food store  Los Angeles Times

App Uses Pet Selfies to ID Shelter Pets - Bay News 9
App Uses Pet Selfies to ID Shelter Pets  Bay News 9

SNIPPETS: Pet cat taking advantage of every opportunity - Theredstonerocket
SNIPPETS: Pet cat taking advantage of every opportunity  Theredstonerocket

Clear The Shelters Cutest Pets Photo Contest 2020 - KXAN.com
Clear The Shelters Cutest Pets Photo Contest 2020  KXAN.com

Pet stores in Kitsap can no longer sell animals from large-scale commercial breeders - Kitsap Sun
Pet stores in Kitsap can no longer sell animals from large-scale commercial breeders  Kitsap Sun

The Hottest Industries Today - Entrepreneur
The Hottest Industries Today  Entrepreneur

Clear the Shelters 2020: How you can help pets find their forever home - WKYC.com
Clear the Shelters 2020: How you can help pets find their forever home  WKYC.com

Pets perish in morning Streetsboro mobile home blaze, firefighters say - WJW FOX 8 News Cleveland
Pets perish in morning Streetsboro mobile home blaze, firefighters say  WJW FOX 8 News Cleveland

COVID-19 can affect pets; cases confirmed | AgriLife Today - AgriLife Today
COVID-19 can affect pets; cases confirmed | AgriLife Today  AgriLife Today

Businesses for Beauty, Pets, Hair and Clean Clothes Shut Their Doors - westsiderag.com
Businesses for Beauty, Pets, Hair and Clean Clothes Shut Their Doors  westsiderag.com

2 dogs test positive, marking Japan's 1st reported pet infections - Kyodo News Plus
2 dogs test positive, marking Japan's 1st reported pet infections  Kyodo News Plus

This Pet Stock Can Be an Investor's Best Friend - Motley Fool
This Pet Stock Can Be an Investor's Best Friend  Motley Fool

Erie Humane Society to Host Bark & Brunch Pet Adoption Day this Saturday - erienewsnow.com
Erie Humane Society to Host Bark & Brunch Pet Adoption Day this Saturday  erienewsnow.com

Vets should not have to shut out pet owners | READER COMMENTARY - Baltimore Sun
Vets should not have to shut out pet owners | READER COMMENTARY  Baltimore Sun

Animal activist Marc Ching endangered pets, veterinarians say - Los Angeles Times
Animal activist Marc Ching endangered pets, veterinarians say  Los Angeles Times

KCBD’s Pet of the Day: Meet Chase - KCBD
KCBD’s Pet of the Day: Meet Chase  KCBD

Pets of the week: Phineas, Ferb and Rico need homes - MLive.com
Pets of the week: Phineas, Ferb and Rico need homes  MLive.com

Happy as pigs in mud: Harrisburg girl navigates disability with assistance pet - Corvallis Gazette Times
Happy as pigs in mud: Harrisburg girl navigates disability with assistance pet  Corvallis Gazette Times

Palm Valley Animal Society launches pet food drive-thru - KGBT-TV
Palm Valley Animal Society launches pet food drive-thru  KGBT-TV

Quad City Pet Care: Mobile Vet - KWQC-TV6
Quad City Pet Care: Mobile Vet  KWQC-TV6

Pet of the Week: 8/4/20 - WANE
Pet of the Week: 8/4/20  WANE

Pet of the Week: Meet Robin - The News-Messenger
Pet of the Week: Meet Robin  The News-Messenger

Pet of the Week: Zach - KEZI TV
Pet of the Week: Zach  KEZI TV

Smart Pets Food Dispenser Market 2025 Insights Analysis and 11 Company Profiles (Feed and Go, Jempet, Petnet, Radio Systems (PetSafe), More) - Market Research Posts
Smart Pets Food Dispenser Market 2025 Insights Analysis and 11 Company Profiles (Feed and Go, Jempet, Petnet, Radio Systems (PetSafe), More)  Market Research Posts

All About Pets: Obesity, a preventable disease in animals - Prescott Daily Courier
All About Pets: Obesity, a preventable disease in animals  Prescott Daily Courier

Waggin' Wednesday: Why You Might Consider A Pet Rat - CapeCod.com News
Waggin' Wednesday: Why You Might Consider A Pet Rat  CapeCod.com News

Owners warned stop kissing pets as U.K. latest to sound the alert over cat infected with coronavirus - MarketWatch
Owners warned stop kissing pets as U.K. latest to sound the alert over cat infected with coronavirus  MarketWatch

KC Pet Project sees uptick in surrendered animals due to evictions - KSHB
KC Pet Project sees uptick in surrendered animals due to evictions  KSHB

Pandemic Puts Strain on Pet Care Providers - WDET
Pandemic Puts Strain on Pet Care Providers  WDET

Pet owners shouldn't panic about the dog that died after COVID-19 infection - CNET
Pet owners shouldn't panic about the dog that died after COVID-19 infection  CNET

Local Pet CBD Supplements Manufacturer Partners with Loyalty Program - Pasadena Now
Local Pet CBD Supplements Manufacturer Partners with Loyalty Program  Pasadena Now

Gallery: Pets of the week: Meet Snickers - nwitimes.com
Gallery: Pets of the week: Meet Snickers  nwitimes.com

Adopt-A-Pet: Dumpling from the Goathouse Refuge - Chapelboro.com
Adopt-A-Pet: Dumpling from the Goathouse Refuge  Chapelboro.com

Lost dog found safe after escaping Banfield Pet Hospital in Brandon 5 days ago - ABC Action News
Lost dog found safe after escaping Banfield Pet Hospital in Brandon 5 days ago  ABC Action News

Adopt a pet: Oklahoma City-area pet adoption options - Oklahoman.com
Adopt a pet: Oklahoma City-area pet adoption options  Oklahoman.com

There’s no better time to adopt one of these 13 adorable pets: Aug. 1-2 - SILive.com
There’s no better time to adopt one of these 13 adorable pets: Aug. 1-2  SILive.com

RV Travel With Pets, Part 1: Safety On The Road - Forbes
RV Travel With Pets, Part 1: Safety On The Road  Forbes

Only 24/7 Rochester-area animal ER forced to turn pets away - WHEC
Only 24/7 Rochester-area animal ER forced to turn pets away  WHEC

How to reduce anxiety for pets, according to an expert - TODAY
How to reduce anxiety for pets, according to an expert  TODAY

Homeward Bound: Pets' Incredible COVID-19 Journeys To Reunite With Owners - NPR
Homeward Bound: Pets' Incredible COVID-19 Journeys To Reunite With Owners  NPR

Covid-19 kept them separated from their pets for months. So they've chartered a plane to bring them home - CNN
Covid-19 kept them separated from their pets for months. So they've chartered a plane to bring them home  CNN

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