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Tank Requirements For Discus Fish


For Discus fish, there are 2 consideration in tanks - tank depth and volume. Because of their size and swimming habits, a minimum of 18" is needed for tank depth, the deeper the better. Regarding volume, a good rule of thumb is that each adult discus will need 10 gallons of water. Larger tanks will also give more stable water conditions, and taking into account other considerations the minimum size for a discus show tank should be no less than 55 gallons. It is also advisable to use a rectangular tank. Not only are they cheaper, but are more efficient, because they maximize surface area. Surface area is the most important factor in buying a tank. Why? Because it is only at the surface of the tank that gas exchange occurs. (Oxygen in, Carbon dioxide out.) Assuming you have a seventy five gallon show tank, and it's biological filter is working as required, up to twenty young fish 3 inches in size, or 6 or 8 fully adult discus can comfortably inhabit the tank. An outside filter may be added to large tanks to increase basic aeration and biological filtration needs.

Keep in mind that when young discus fish are small,they grow fast and become quite large in a short period of time if fed well and water quality is maintained. If your tank is too small they will not be happy and it will quickly stunt their growth. Juvenile discus should not be kept in overly large tanks. Being a social fish, Discus tend to become very skittish in large tanks. In our hatchery, we place 6 Discus up to 1.5" in a 29-gallon tank. They will be moved tp larger tanks when they get to 2.5", and show possible signs of "pairing off". Always try to buy the largest tank you can afford for discus fish.

If breeding Discus is a consideration later on, tanks can be down sized to twenty gallons per pair. At our hatchery, 29 gallon rectangular glass tanks are utilized for every breeding pair. A bare bottomed tank with at 2 ½ gallons of water per inch of fish, a couple of sponge filters and a canister filter with activated carbon in it is used to begin the process. This is maintained at 6.6 - 6.8 PH, and the temperature is set at 82 to 84 degrees F. We make 50% water changes weekly, and some breeders will go as high as 95%. Optimal results would be achieved with a 15% water change daily. Because Discus produce slime on their body, and it is shed regularly,it coats the inner surface of the tank and promotes bacterial growth. A safe bet is to wipe down every discus tank every week. There are commercial sponges and brushes available to do this chore.

Because Discus are large fish, they require clean water and proper filtration. The tank must be "cycled" and tested for nitrates/nitrites before placement of Discus in the tank. Our policy is to use fish such as some of the more common cichlids to "cycle" the tank. A good rule of thumb here is to wait at least 4 weeks before attempting to place Discus with the "cycling" fish. If you are active in the aquarist community, a friend might possibly loan you some "cycling fish" to begin your project, and the "cyclers" can be returned to their owner upon completion of the cycle.

Discus prefer soft water, due to the constant rainfall and run-off in their natural habitat. We are more concerned, however, with cleanliness. It is much better to have a high quality of hygiene in the tank than it is having optimal water conditions, though we strive for both. Discus will adapt to most conditions, including PH up to 7.8 and 350-ppm microsiemens of hardness, but cannot survive in constantly changing water conditions or dirty water.

Alden Smith is a published author, and has been marketing on the internet for 7 years. His website, King Discus, is an active gathering place for discus breeders and lovers of discus fish. His wife Betsy is the administrator of All The Best Recipes a site rich in online recipes and cookbooks.


TODAYS NEWS BY OFFICEJAX FREE ADVERTISING AND AD EXCHANGE SOLUTIONSMORE PETS INFORMATION RESOURCES updated Tue. May / 26 / 2020

Pets can get coronavirus, but vets say no cause for concern - Carolinacoastonline
  1. Pets can get coronavirus, but vets say no cause for concern  Carolinacoastonline
  2. What to know about pets and coronavirus  amNY
  3. Premier Pet Supply owner gives tips on keeping your pet occupied  WDIV ClickOnDetroit
  4. How the coronavirus pet adoption boom is reducing stress  Medical Xpress
  5. View Full Coverage on Google News

Pets can provide positives for seniors | Seniors - Elizabethtown News Enterprise
Pets can provide positives for seniors | Seniors  Elizabethtown News Enterprise

Jancs win PETS membership drive - Red Bluff Daily News
Jancs win PETS membership drive  Red Bluff Daily News

Local veterinarians seeing an increase of pets with snake bites - WBRC
Local veterinarians seeing an increase of pets with snake bites  WBRC

Talking About Pets: Shelter fosters deserve gratitude, not criticism - News Chief
Talking About Pets: Shelter fosters deserve gratitude, not criticism  News Chief

Pets for Life helps Madison pet owners get through pandemic - Minneapolis Star Tribune
Pets for Life helps Madison pet owners get through pandemic  Minneapolis Star Tribune

Fewer pets being left at shelters | Local | Journal Gazette - Fort Wayne Journal Gazette
Fewer pets being left at shelters | Local | Journal Gazette  Fort Wayne Journal Gazette

Back to work: What does the routine change mean for your pets? - WKBN.com
Back to work: What does the routine change mean for your pets?  WKBN.com

East Bay pets of the week for May 29 - East Bay Times
East Bay pets of the week for May 29  East Bay Times

Food bank and animal shelter join forces to provide human and pet food pantry - WHSV
Food bank and animal shelter join forces to provide human and pet food pantry  WHSV

Safer-at-Home with Your Pets this Summer – Pasadena Weekendr - Pasadena Now
Safer-at-Home with Your Pets this Summer – Pasadena Weekendr  Pasadena Now

Your Ultimate Guide To Family Friendly Pets — Hometown Station - KHTS Radio
Your Ultimate Guide To Family Friendly Pets — Hometown Station  KHTS Radio

N.J. pets in need: May 25, 2020 - nj.com
N.J. pets in need: May 25, 2020  nj.com

Mid-valley rescue shelters continue finding pets homes despite pandemic difficulties - Albany Democrat Herald
Mid-valley rescue shelters continue finding pets homes despite pandemic difficulties  Albany Democrat Herald

Ask The Vet: Flea and tick prevention important for all pets - Arizona Daily Sun
Ask The Vet: Flea and tick prevention important for all pets  Arizona Daily Sun

Animal Humane Society hoping families adopt pocket pets who still need a home - KSTP
Animal Humane Society hoping families adopt pocket pets who still need a home  KSTP

Kennels at Austin Pets Alive! flood due to severe weather - FOX 7 Austin
Kennels at Austin Pets Alive! flood due to severe weather  FOX 7 Austin

Homeowner, 2 pets killed in Security house fire - KKTV 11 News
Homeowner, 2 pets killed in Security house fire  KKTV 11 News

India Pet Grooming & Healthcare Market (2020 to 2025) - Featuring Wellpet, Blue Buffalo & Diamond Pet Foods Among Others - ResearchAndMarkets.com - Yahoo Finance
India Pet Grooming & Healthcare Market (2020 to 2025) - Featuring Wellpet, Blue Buffalo & Diamond Pet Foods Among Others - ResearchAndMarkets.com  Yahoo Finance

Let's be honest. Our pets have been the real MVPs of this quarantine - they've b... - Portsmouth Press
Let's be honest. Our pets have been the real MVPs of this quarantine - they've b...  Portsmouth Press

Pets of the Week | Community - Index-Journal
Pets of the Week | Community  Index-Journal

Pets are playing an important role helping people amid the coronavirus pandemic - WXYZ
Pets are playing an important role helping people amid the coronavirus pandemic  WXYZ

Animal rescue, Paula's Donuts attempt to find pets forever homes - WGRZ.com
Animal rescue, Paula's Donuts attempt to find pets forever homes  WGRZ.com

Moody Pet Guardian Angel program seeks volunteers - WALB
Moody Pet Guardian Angel program seeks volunteers  WALB

AZGFD: Letting your pets go free in the wild can be disastrous - KTAR.com
AZGFD: Letting your pets go free in the wild can be disastrous  KTAR.com

Giving Back: In Memory of Diesel lends a hand to pet owners in need - Pressconnects
Giving Back: In Memory of Diesel lends a hand to pet owners in need  Pressconnects

Mutual Rescue: Pets Helping Cope with Stress During Pandemic - WSYM-TV
Mutual Rescue: Pets Helping Cope with Stress During Pandemic  WSYM-TV

Some People Are Abandoning Their Pets During Pandemic As Animal Anxiety Spreads - Yahoo Entertainment
Some People Are Abandoning Their Pets During Pandemic As Animal Anxiety Spreads  Yahoo Entertainment

Mass. Pets Getting Seriously Hurt in Grooming Mishaps, Veterinarians Say - nbcboston.com
Mass. Pets Getting Seriously Hurt in Grooming Mishaps, Veterinarians Say  nbcboston.com

Startup Year One: Goodboy's data-driven approach to pet health care - Fortune
Startup Year One: Goodboy's data-driven approach to pet health care  Fortune

Choose to adopt a new pet | Community - KTBS
Choose to adopt a new pet | Community  KTBS

Butternut and Apricat are our Pets of the Week - WGHP FOX 8 Greensboro
Butternut and Apricat are our Pets of the Week  WGHP FOX 8 Greensboro

Betty White: 'Slow down, enjoy what you have: family, friends, pets' - WISHTV.com
Betty White: 'Slow down, enjoy what you have: family, friends, pets'  WISHTV.com

Medvedchuk: Selling pets for debt is savagery and cynicism - 112 International
Medvedchuk: Selling pets for debt is savagery and cynicism  112 International

What to Consider Before Adopting a Pet in a Pandemic - Mpls.St.Paul Magazine
What to Consider Before Adopting a Pet in a Pandemic  Mpls.St.Paul Magazine

Pets are also going through the coronavirus pandemic. Here's why they need an emergency fund, too. - USA TODAY
Pets are also going through the coronavirus pandemic. Here's why they need an emergency fund, too.  USA TODAY

How pets of homeless people get fed - SBS
How pets of homeless people get fed  SBS

Adoptable pet: Meet Ella - Tallahassee Democrat
Adoptable pet: Meet Ella  Tallahassee Democrat

COVID-19 Pets: What you need to know – Keremeos Review - Keremeos Review
COVID-19 Pets: What you need to know – Keremeos Review  Keremeos Review

Families Foster Classroom Pets During Coronavirus Shutdown - NPR
Families Foster Classroom Pets During Coronavirus Shutdown  NPR

Coronavirus and pets: Scams exploit animal lovers in crisis - Los Angeles Times
Coronavirus and pets: Scams exploit animal lovers in crisis  Los Angeles Times

Adopt-A-Pet Tuesday: Scruffy, Jim, Bronco - 9 & 10 News - 9&10 News
Adopt-A-Pet Tuesday: Scruffy, Jim, Bronco - 9 & 10 News  9&10 News

Pet cemetery abruptly closes, leaving pet owners shocked - WOAI
Pet cemetery abruptly closes, leaving pet owners shocked  WOAI

We have 19 special pets ready to be adopted: May 23-24 - SILive.com
We have 19 special pets ready to be adopted: May 23-24  SILive.com

Pet of the Week: Whiskey, a man's best friend! - WOAI
Pet of the Week: Whiskey, a man's best friend!  WOAI

Houston nonprofit launches free pet boarding program to aid survivors of domestic violence - KPRC Click2Houston
Houston nonprofit launches free pet boarding program to aid survivors of domestic violence  KPRC Click2Houston

How Safe Are Pets from Coronavirus? - Bloomberg
How Safe Are Pets from Coronavirus?  Bloomberg

Pookie and more pets up for adoption in Phoenix-area shelters this week - AZCentral
Pookie and more pets up for adoption in Phoenix-area shelters this week  AZCentral

Kerrville Pets Alive sets fundraising goal to extend message - dailytimes.com
Kerrville Pets Alive sets fundraising goal to extend message  dailytimes.com

19 Pet Quarantine Projects To Keep You Busy And Your Pets Entertained - BuzzFeed
19 Pet Quarantine Projects To Keep You Busy And Your Pets Entertained  BuzzFeed

'Office' star Rainn Wilson hosts Zoom call with 900 pets - Insider - INSIDER
'Office' star Rainn Wilson hosts Zoom call with 900 pets - Insider  INSIDER

This is what happens to the pets left behind when their owners die from coronavirus - CNN
This is what happens to the pets left behind when their owners die from coronavirus  CNN

Limelight Pet Project: Meet Lamar! - Q13 News Seattle
Limelight Pet Project: Meet Lamar!  Q13 News Seattle

Top 10 Strongest Pets & Animal Companions In Anime | CBR - CBR - Comic Book Resources
Top 10 Strongest Pets & Animal Companions In Anime | CBR  CBR - Comic Book Resources

Pet Spotlight: Meet Diamond - wnbjtv.com
Pet Spotlight: Meet Diamond  wnbjtv.com

Pet of the Week: Hairy Harvey is the cutest ball of fur - WKRG News 5
Pet of the Week: Hairy Harvey is the cutest ball of fur  WKRG News 5

Meet our pets of the week: Two horses and a Belgian Maltinois mix - STLtoday.com
Meet our pets of the week: Two horses and a Belgian Maltinois mix  STLtoday.com

'People are looking for love': Adoptions of dogs, cats skyrocket during coronavirus pandemic - Milwaukee Journal Sentinel
'People are looking for love': Adoptions of dogs, cats skyrocket during coronavirus pandemic  Milwaukee Journal Sentinel

Adopting a Pet From a Shelter in California: What You Need to Know - The New York Times
Adopting a Pet From a Shelter in California: What You Need to Know  The New York Times

Your quarantined pet may be acting odd. Here’s how to help. - The Washington Post
Your quarantined pet may be acting odd. Here’s how to help.  The Washington Post

Pets for Life helps Madison pet owners survive the pandemic - Madison.com
Pets for Life helps Madison pet owners survive the pandemic  Madison.com

How to adopt your next pet safely and virtually - The Verge
How to adopt your next pet safely and virtually  The Verge

Brevard Humane Society partners with Precision Race for 'Pets 2 the Rescue' virtual walk/run event - Hometown News
Brevard Humane Society partners with Precision Race for 'Pets 2 the Rescue' virtual walk/run event  Hometown News

Helen Woodward Animal Center Adopt a Pet: Bob - - KUSI
Helen Woodward Animal Center Adopt a Pet: Bob -  KUSI

Pet Project 2020: Animals available for adoption in Massachusetts on May 22 - masslive.com
Pet Project 2020: Animals available for adoption in Massachusetts on May 22  masslive.com

Sheeba is this week's adoptable pet with the Chemung County SPCA - WENY-TV
Sheeba is this week's adoptable pet with the Chemung County SPCA  WENY-TV

Pets strange behavior amid COVID-19 - 11Alive.com WXIA
Pets strange behavior amid COVID-19  11Alive.com WXIA

SURVEY: 16% of Texas pet owners would be unable to afford them if they lose their job - KEYE TV CBS Austin
SURVEY: 16% of Texas pet owners would be unable to afford them if they lose their job  KEYE TV CBS Austin

Pet Scene: Summit County's adoptable pets for the week of May 17, 2020 - Summit Daily News
Pet Scene: Summit County's adoptable pets for the week of May 17, 2020  Summit Daily News

Pets and the Humans Who Loved Them - The Wall Street Journal
Pets and the Humans Who Loved Them  The Wall Street Journal

How's your pet's life in quarantine? - Herald-Mail Media
How's your pet's life in quarantine?  Herald-Mail Media

Veterinarians reveal the biggest mistakes you're making when buying toys for your pets - Insider - INSIDER
Veterinarians reveal the biggest mistakes you're making when buying toys for your pets - Insider  INSIDER

Protecting the pets - Toledo Blade
Protecting the pets  Toledo Blade

CDC shares latest advice on catching coronavirus from surfaces, pets - SILive.com
CDC shares latest advice on catching coronavirus from surfaces, pets  SILive.com

24 Adoptable Cincinnati Pets Who Are Looking for Families to Love - Cincinnati CityBeat
24 Adoptable Cincinnati Pets Who Are Looking for Families to Love  Cincinnati CityBeat

A Guide for First-Time Pet Owners During the Pandemic - The New York Times
A Guide for First-Time Pet Owners During the Pandemic  The New York Times

Jun 8 | Virtual Read to a Therapaws Pet | Western Springs, IL Patch - Patch.com
Jun 8 | Virtual Read to a Therapaws Pet | Western Springs, IL Patch  Patch.com

Mobile pet food pantry delivers to pets in need - WKYC.com
Mobile pet food pantry delivers to pets in need  WKYC.com

24/7 pet emergency hospital opens this week in Clarksville - The Leaf-Chronicle
24/7 pet emergency hospital opens this week in Clarksville  The Leaf-Chronicle

Pet of the Week: Shep | News | dailyindependent.com - The Independent
Pet of the Week: Shep | News | dailyindependent.com  The Independent

Pet of the Week_052620 | Services | oswegocountynewsnow.com - oswegocountynewsnow.com
Pet of the Week_052620 | Services | oswegocountynewsnow.com  oswegocountynewsnow.com

Watch your pet for ticks to help prevent Lyme disease - Chicago Daily Herald
Watch your pet for ticks to help prevent Lyme disease  Chicago Daily Herald

Fur-baby sick? Start-up takes telemedicine to pets' parents - Phys.org
Fur-baby sick? Start-up takes telemedicine to pets' parents  Phys.org

Animal Tales: Pets must deal with having owners home - Lewiston Sun Journal
Animal Tales: Pets must deal with having owners home  Lewiston Sun Journal

Miami house fire displaces three people, including woman with eight pet chickens - WPLG Local 10
Miami house fire displaces three people, including woman with eight pet chickens  WPLG Local 10

Georgia man with knife surrenders to pet police K9 - WJXT News4JAX
Georgia man with knife surrenders to pet police K9  WJXT News4JAX

Human-animal relationships bind together sharp, funny alt lit anthology ‘Pets’ - Seattle Times
Human-animal relationships bind together sharp, funny alt lit anthology ‘Pets’  Seattle Times

Thinking Of Adopting A Pet? Here Are Tips To Help You Find A New Furry Friend - WBUR
Thinking Of Adopting A Pet? Here Are Tips To Help You Find A New Furry Friend  WBUR

After Pug Tests Positive, What Does Coronavirus Mean For Pets? - WBUR
After Pug Tests Positive, What Does Coronavirus Mean For Pets?  WBUR

How safe are our pets and other animals from the coronavirus? - straits times
How safe are our pets and other animals from the coronavirus?  straits times

What to Watch Monday: New Lifetime movie on Lorena Bobbitt, ‘Gary Busey: Pet Judge’ - Raleigh News & Observer
What to Watch Monday: New Lifetime movie on Lorena Bobbitt, ‘Gary Busey: Pet Judge’  Raleigh News & Observer

2 pets killed in Apalachin house fire - WBNG-TV
2 pets killed in Apalachin house fire  WBNG-TV

Cedar Rapids animal nonprofit connects pets with vets during pandemic - KCRG
Cedar Rapids animal nonprofit connects pets with vets during pandemic  KCRG

Family 'distraught' by theft of 7 pet birds from east Stockton home - Stockton Record
Family 'distraught' by theft of 7 pet birds from east Stockton home  Stockton Record

Cats, Dogs and COVID: How Safe Are Your Pets? - WebMD
Cats, Dogs and COVID: How Safe Are Your Pets?  WebMD

500+ Utahns scammed while buying pets during pandemic - fox13now.com
500+ Utahns scammed while buying pets during pandemic  fox13now.com

Dr. Julie Butler, Vet Who Cared for Harlem and Its Pets, Dies at 62 - The New York Times
Dr. Julie Butler, Vet Who Cared for Harlem and Its Pets, Dies at 62  The New York Times

Moment of Paws: About your pets and the pandemic - Dorchester Reporter
Moment of Paws: About your pets and the pandemic  Dorchester Reporter

Stanford's resident fellows, their families and pets greet their far-away undergraduate residents | The Dish - Stanford University News
Stanford's resident fellows, their families and pets greet their far-away undergraduate residents | The Dish  Stanford University News

Veterinarian shares coronavirus symptoms to look for in pets - WITI FOX 6 Milwaukee
Veterinarian shares coronavirus symptoms to look for in pets  WITI FOX 6 Milwaukee

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