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Parachromis Managuense


Parachromis managuense has a bad reputation, just like many of the other large predatory cichlids. This reputation is largely undeserved, and besides, the positive sides of these fishes more than make up for any negative ones. Not to mention that an adult P. managuense is incredibly beautiful.

I've kept these cichlids and have nothing but good to say about them as long as you have an aquarium large enough to handle this species that grows to 55 cm/22 inches. I would say that the absolute minimum to keep these cichlids together with other cichlids is a tank of 540 litres/120 gallons. And that's a minimum; a larger aquarium is preferable. Large specimens require even larger aquariums. They can be bred in aquariums that are at least 250 litres/55 gallons.

The aquarium should be decorated so that natural territory boundaries are created and so that there are a lot of hiding places for the female, as the male can be quite mean to her if she isn't ready to breed when he is. Larger rocks should be placed directly on the bottom of the aquarium since this species digs a lot and can move large stones. Use silica to glue caves and stone formations together so that they don't fall down.

This species hasn't got any bigger demands and thrives in most water conditions as long as pH and DH levels aren't too extreme in either direction.

P. managuense can be kept with other cichlids from the region as long as they aren't too small and can stand up for themselves. This is true for most cichlids species from Central America. P. managuense can be aggressive, but in my experience their aggressiveness is greatly exaggerated and P. managuense leaves most fishes alone. However, during breeding they will protect their young and their territory furiously, and since they are quite large they can claim large territories especially if normal boundaries aren't created in the aquarium. But I wish to stress that P. managuense normally isn't that aggressive and doesn't beat other fish to death. Just don't keep them with fish small enough to eat (except for Ancistrus which usually survive despite their small size).

Feeding P. managuense is easy and they accept just about any food. I recommend feeding them a diet of pellets, shrimps and fish bits. To vary the diet I sometimes feed them live feeders, usually convicts since it seems that one always have spare convicts one can't get rid of by selling or giving away. I usually feed my P. managuense twice a day with the occasional week without food.

Sexing P. managuense is usually easy and follows the line of most other cichlids. Females are smaller and rounder. Breeding P. managuense is according to my experience also easy as long as you give them their own aquarium. Breeding them in aquariums with other cichlids is harder, but not too hard. The biggest problem is deciding what to do with and how to raise the very large number of fry. Each spawning can generate up to 2000-3000 fry.

They are usually very good parents and the fry grow very fast. They guard their young for up to 6 weeks during which time the fry reach a size of 1.5 - 2 cm, or approximately ¾ inch. After that the parents spawn again and the fry have to be removed or the parents will kill them while protecting the new batch. However on rare occasions the parents can protect two batches simultaneously. This usually ends in the second batch being eaten by their older sisters and brothers, which will grow very fast on this diet. :-)

Spawnings are usually 4-7 weeks apart. They usually lay their eggs on a rock or root that has been carefully cleaned, and then dig very big craters right down to the glass bottom in which to keep their young. The fry are small but accept most kinds of food. The parents will spit out pellets that they've chewed into tiny pieces for the fry to eat. The growth rate I mentioned above is based on my own experiences when I feed only pellets. However, I don't recommend you to rely too heavily on the parents chewing food for their young. You might observe whether the fry get the food they need this way, but if they don't I recommend you feed the fry if you want them to survive.

Raising the fry without their parents is much harder and I wouldn't recommend separating fry unless it's absolutely necessary. If possible, it's better to wait a few weeks until the fry have grown a little.

If you like predatory fish and are willing to take my word that most of its reputation is undeserved, then I recommend you to try this very beautiful fish.

About The Author

Article by William Berg writer for Aquatic Community with more then 20 years of aquarium experience. Find more of Williams articles about other cichlids or maybe something completely different like dogs

Article may be reproduce as long as it is not edited and this resource box is included "as is with live links" on the bottom of the page. (Java links and PHP links are not allowed, I.e. SE friendly links only)


TODAYS NEWS BY OFFICEJAX FREE ADVERTISING AND AD EXCHANGE SOLUTIONSMORE PETS INFORMATION RESOURCES updated Wed. July / 15 / 2020

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Vets warn about heat illnesses in pets  WDHN - DothanFirst.com

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Animal control reminds everyone not to leave pets in vehicles  WWBT NBC12 News

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Coronavirus and pets, fact vs. fiction | News | athensreview.com  Athens Daily Review

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Owners urged to keep pets inside and out of cars to avoid heatstroke  Las Vegas Review-Journal

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Celebrate National Pet Fire Safety Day by planning for your furry family member with tips from Sumter Fire Department  Sumter Item

Planning For Pets During The Covid-19 Pandemic - Forbes
Planning For Pets During The Covid-19 Pandemic  Forbes

Tennessee firefighter honored for saving man, pets from fire - WVLT
Tennessee firefighter honored for saving man, pets from fire  WVLT

I Didn’t Mean to Adopt a Dozen Pet Snails - The New York Times
I Didn’t Mean to Adopt a Dozen Pet Snails  The New York Times

Rhinelander ordinance on leaving pets in hot cars - WAOW
Rhinelander ordinance on leaving pets in hot cars  WAOW

Morning Squeeze to fund raise for nonprofit for special needs pets - Your Valley
Morning Squeeze to fund raise for nonprofit for special needs pets  Your Valley

Pets of the Week: July 14, 2020 – WBKB 11 - WBKB-TV
Pets of the Week: July 14, 2020 – WBKB 11  WBKB-TV

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What the Colorado squirrel with bubonic plague means for US pet owners  New York Post

Help Pet Shelters Announces Nearly $30,000 in Grants to Local Animal Shelters - PRNewswire
Help Pet Shelters Announces Nearly $30,000 in Grants to Local Animal Shelters  PRNewswire

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Family pets | Opinion  White Bear Press

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Rabies Vaccine Clinic For Rocklands Pets  New City, NY Patch

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How to help homeless pets and wildlife in your community  WDIV ClickOnDetroit

Local business helps pets who need hospice care at home - WKRC TV Cincinnati
Local business helps pets who need hospice care at home  WKRC TV Cincinnati

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Brexit Border Bureaucracy Looms for Truckers, Pet Owners and Travelers  The New York Times

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Pets of the Week for July 14, 2020  WKRN News 2

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Pets, Love & Pandemics  Carolina Tails Magazine

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Pet Project 2020: Pets available for adoption in Massachusetts on July 10  masslive.com

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Local Snake Owners Bringing Pets To Carrington Park  newsdakota.com

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Cat owner baffled by pet's swimming goggles antics  BBC News

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N.J. pets in need: July 13, 2020  nj.com

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The World's Most, Least Pet-Friendly Airlines  TravelPulse

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Knife-Wielding Polish Man Flees Into Woods, Hoping to Keep Pet Puma  The New York Times

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Pet Doc: How to keep your pets safe if you test positive for COVID-19  WJHL-TV News Channel 11

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Can COVID-19 be spread to people from pet fur?  WLOS

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This July discount can help Houston’s senior pets find ‘fur’-ever homes, you a new friend  KPRC Click2Houston

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Pets In Need Delivers Medical Aid To Stockton Animals  Capital Public Radio News

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Pets and fireworks: how to keep your animals calm and safe on July 4  CNN

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Brainy dog owners are more likely to have badly behaved pets  Daily Mail

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Anti-Cruelty Society Will Do Pet Portraits Of Your Fuzzy Friend This Week  Block Club Chicago

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Luxury pet resort and spa coming to North Myrtle Beach  WBTW

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PHOTOS: Gwinnett Animal Shelter Adoptable Pets of the Week -- July 13  Gwinnettdailypost.com

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Seeing Pets as Human  Psychology Today

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Veterinarians urge pet owners to prepare for the arrival of rabbit hemorrhagic disease  Phys.org

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Empty the Shelters: Pet adoption fees reduced this weekend  WDIV ClickOnDetroit

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From chicken heads to kangaroo, these Louisville pet stores whip up unique gourmet treats  Courier Journal

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Mobile veterinary services tend to Tenderloin's homeless pet population  SFGate

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Photos: Pet Adoptions: SPCA Albrecht Center for Animal Welfare (7.14.20)  The Augusta Chronicle

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Pet of the Week - Bud | | kokomoperspective.com  Kokomo Perspective

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Humane Society of South Miss offers tips for taking care of pets in the heat  WXXV News 25

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Give up the pets or go homeless; Ashland resident speaks out about breed restrictions  KTVL

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Concerns rise over pandemic's impact on family pets  KEYT

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Milo and Friends Pet Boutique, Napa’s choice for dapper dogs and fancy cats  Napa Valley Register

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Mystery illness has Arp pet owners worried  KLTV

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You can look like your pet with these adorable furry face masks  WXII The Triad

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4 ways to help transition pets to post-quarantine routines | News, Sports, Jobs  Escanaba Daily Press

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FDA cautions pet owners about infecting their pets in new video  CNN

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Play It Safe: Protecting Your Pets From the Summer Heat  KOKH FOX25

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How To Ease Separation Anxiety For Pets Being Left Alone For First Time In Months  Block Club Chicago

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Live Like Roo Hosting Online Auction For Pets With Cancer  Block Club Chicago

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CDC gives recommendations on keeping pets safe from COVID-19  KYTV

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Covid-19 kept them separated from their pets for months. So they've chartered a plane to bring them home  CNN

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4PetSake distributes pet food to help out some furever friends  WKTV

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Past Pet of the Week – Bailey  Newnan Times-Herald

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Pet Owners Struggling To Reunite With Their Furry Family Members Amid The Pandemic  NPR

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23 Adorably Adoptable Cincinnati Pets That Are Looking For Homes This Summer  Cincinnati CityBeat

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The Animal Foundation takes in more than 270 lost pets in first six days of July  News3LV

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Diarrhea in dogs can point to something serious, or not: Pet Connection  GoErie.com

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Adopt-A-Pet Tuesday: Cranberry, Foxy & Cheddar - 9 & 10 News  9&10 News

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What you need to do before bringing home a new pet  The Washington Post

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Pet spot: Cats Max, Sally, Sammy enjoy group cuddling  Leader Publications

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Chicago's Anti-Cruelty Society Raises Money in Pet Portraits  NBC Chicago

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Preventing pandemic-related pet anxiety now and later  WTOP

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Eight people displaced after Jefferson City fire, two pets died  krcgtv.com

Fireworks and Pets: How to Keep Them Safe and Calm - The Weather Channel
Fireworks and Pets: How to Keep Them Safe and Calm  The Weather Channel

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National Pet Fire Safety Day: Tips from Jake the Fire Safety Dog  WOODTV.com

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Richland County Humane Society sees decrease in pet adoptions & donations due to COVID-19  Richland Source

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KRDO's Tuesday Afternoon Pet of the Week – KRDO  KRDO

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In Ancient Kazakhstan, Nomadic Herders Kept Their Toothless Pet Cat Alive  Smithsonian Magazine

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In the Know: Pet Paradise — with bone-shaped pool — nears completion off Alico Road  News-Press

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Police search for 17-year-old girl who vanished with pet poodle  WSOC Charlotte

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SAFD: Homeowner, six pets rescued from house fire on Northeast Side  KSAT San Antonio

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