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Parachromis Managuense


Parachromis managuense has a bad reputation, just like many of the other large predatory cichlids. This reputation is largely undeserved, and besides, the positive sides of these fishes more than make up for any negative ones. Not to mention that an adult P. managuense is incredibly beautiful.

I've kept these cichlids and have nothing but good to say about them as long as you have an aquarium large enough to handle this species that grows to 55 cm/22 inches. I would say that the absolute minimum to keep these cichlids together with other cichlids is a tank of 540 litres/120 gallons. And that's a minimum; a larger aquarium is preferable. Large specimens require even larger aquariums. They can be bred in aquariums that are at least 250 litres/55 gallons.

The aquarium should be decorated so that natural territory boundaries are created and so that there are a lot of hiding places for the female, as the male can be quite mean to her if she isn't ready to breed when he is. Larger rocks should be placed directly on the bottom of the aquarium since this species digs a lot and can move large stones. Use silica to glue caves and stone formations together so that they don't fall down.

This species hasn't got any bigger demands and thrives in most water conditions as long as pH and DH levels aren't too extreme in either direction.

P. managuense can be kept with other cichlids from the region as long as they aren't too small and can stand up for themselves. This is true for most cichlids species from Central America. P. managuense can be aggressive, but in my experience their aggressiveness is greatly exaggerated and P. managuense leaves most fishes alone. However, during breeding they will protect their young and their territory furiously, and since they are quite large they can claim large territories especially if normal boundaries aren't created in the aquarium. But I wish to stress that P. managuense normally isn't that aggressive and doesn't beat other fish to death. Just don't keep them with fish small enough to eat (except for Ancistrus which usually survive despite their small size).

Feeding P. managuense is easy and they accept just about any food. I recommend feeding them a diet of pellets, shrimps and fish bits. To vary the diet I sometimes feed them live feeders, usually convicts since it seems that one always have spare convicts one can't get rid of by selling or giving away. I usually feed my P. managuense twice a day with the occasional week without food.

Sexing P. managuense is usually easy and follows the line of most other cichlids. Females are smaller and rounder. Breeding P. managuense is according to my experience also easy as long as you give them their own aquarium. Breeding them in aquariums with other cichlids is harder, but not too hard. The biggest problem is deciding what to do with and how to raise the very large number of fry. Each spawning can generate up to 2000-3000 fry.

They are usually very good parents and the fry grow very fast. They guard their young for up to 6 weeks during which time the fry reach a size of 1.5 - 2 cm, or approximately ¾ inch. After that the parents spawn again and the fry have to be removed or the parents will kill them while protecting the new batch. However on rare occasions the parents can protect two batches simultaneously. This usually ends in the second batch being eaten by their older sisters and brothers, which will grow very fast on this diet. :-)

Spawnings are usually 4-7 weeks apart. They usually lay their eggs on a rock or root that has been carefully cleaned, and then dig very big craters right down to the glass bottom in which to keep their young. The fry are small but accept most kinds of food. The parents will spit out pellets that they've chewed into tiny pieces for the fry to eat. The growth rate I mentioned above is based on my own experiences when I feed only pellets. However, I don't recommend you to rely too heavily on the parents chewing food for their young. You might observe whether the fry get the food they need this way, but if they don't I recommend you feed the fry if you want them to survive.

Raising the fry without their parents is much harder and I wouldn't recommend separating fry unless it's absolutely necessary. If possible, it's better to wait a few weeks until the fry have grown a little.

If you like predatory fish and are willing to take my word that most of its reputation is undeserved, then I recommend you to try this very beautiful fish.

About The Author

Article by William Berg writer for Aquatic Community with more then 20 years of aquarium experience. Find more of Williams articles about other cichlids or maybe something completely different like dogs

Article may be reproduce as long as it is not edited and this resource box is included "as is with live links" on the bottom of the page. (Java links and PHP links are not allowed, I.e. SE friendly links only)


TODAYS NEWS BY OFFICEJAX FREE ADVERTISING AND AD EXCHANGE SOLUTIONSMORE PETS INFORMATION RESOURCES updated Fri. September / 18 / 2020

Tulsa Animal Welfare pets of the week - KTUL
Tulsa Animal Welfare pets of the week  KTUL

Pandemic pets: Auburn shelter says adoptions high since March - Auburn Citizen
Pandemic pets: Auburn shelter says adoptions high since March  Auburn Citizen

Pets with Potential: Meet Jack Rabbit - WCAX
Pets with Potential: Meet Jack Rabbit  WCAX

Parish rabies clinic open by appointment only Sept. 30 - NNY360
Parish rabies clinic open by appointment only Sept. 30  NNY360

Pets of the Week | Pets | johnsoncitypress.com - Johnson City Press (subscription)
Pets of the Week | Pets | johnsoncitypress.com  Johnson City Press (subscription)

Tech Bytes: New app is just like Tinder but for pets - WDIO
Tech Bytes: New app is just like Tinder but for pets  WDIO

28 top-rated Amazon products your pets will love - CNN
28 top-rated Amazon products your pets will love  CNN

Site similar to Tinder allows pets to go on dates - KTNV Las Vegas
Site similar to Tinder allows pets to go on dates  KTNV Las Vegas

Ways to Save Ways to Spend: Pets - KX NEWS
Ways to Save Ways to Spend: Pets  KX NEWS

Get cozy with one of these 20 adoptable pets: Sept. 19-20 - SILive.com
Get cozy with one of these 20 adoptable pets: Sept. 19-20  SILive.com

Pet Talk: Welcome Home: Introducing A New Baby to Pets - Holmes County Times Advertiser
Pet Talk: Welcome Home: Introducing A New Baby to Pets  Holmes County Times Advertiser

Detailing arthritis in pets - WJXT News4JAX
Detailing arthritis in pets  WJXT News4JAX

Pet of the week: Finn - New Haven Register
Pet of the week: Finn  New Haven Register

A Paws for Pets: Buddy and his buddy - York News-Times
A Paws for Pets: Buddy and his buddy  York News-Times

Shelter Pets | Valley Life | avpress.com - Antelope Valley Press
Shelter Pets | Valley Life | avpress.com  Antelope Valley Press

Pets can feel impact of poor air quality - Daily Record-News
Pets can feel impact of poor air quality  Daily Record-News

Sen. Kennedy introduces PUPS Act to unite pets and owners during health emergencies - KLFY
Sen. Kennedy introduces PUPS Act to unite pets and owners during health emergencies  KLFY

Ugly pet contest to benefit Wilmington Animal Centrix - WECT
Ugly pet contest to benefit Wilmington Animal Centrix  WECT

Keeping Your Pets Safe on Hot Days - Spectrum News 1
Keeping Your Pets Safe on Hot Days  Spectrum News 1

Marigold and more pets up for adoption in Phoenix-area shelters this week - The Arizona Republic
Marigold and more pets up for adoption in Phoenix-area shelters this week  The Arizona Republic

Paw-ly in the Pandemic: Pets Can Catch Virus From Owners - Courthouse News Service
Paw-ly in the Pandemic: Pets Can Catch Virus From Owners  Courthouse News Service

FUREVER HOMES: Pets of the Week | News | thecourierexpress.com - The Courier-Express
FUREVER HOMES: Pets of the Week | News | thecourierexpress.com  The Courier-Express

Walton County Fire Rescue saves 8 pets from flooded Darlington home - The Northwest Florida Daily News
Walton County Fire Rescue saves 8 pets from flooded Darlington home  The Northwest Florida Daily News

Anonymous Donor Sponsors Free Pet Adoptions at Animal Rescue League - Berks Weekly
Anonymous Donor Sponsors Free Pet Adoptions at Animal Rescue League  Berks Weekly

I Couldn't Figure Out Why My Pets Chased Their Tails, So I Asked an Animal Behaviorist - POPSUGAR
I Couldn't Figure Out Why My Pets Chased Their Tails, So I Asked an Animal Behaviorist  POPSUGAR

Ask the Vet: Aging pets need extra love - Fort Bragg Advocate-News
Ask the Vet: Aging pets need extra love  Fort Bragg Advocate-News

Adoptable pets for Sept. 18-24 - Knoxville News Sentinel
Adoptable pets for Sept. 18-24  Knoxville News Sentinel

Teachers’ pets - South Platte Sentinel
Teachers’ pets  South Platte Sentinel

Animal rescue group reunites pets with owners after Beirut explosion - Everett Post
Animal rescue group reunites pets with owners after Beirut explosion  Everett Post

Pandemic prompts surge in pet adoptions in Montgomery Co. - WTOP
Pandemic prompts surge in pet adoptions in Montgomery Co.  WTOP

Pet dating site ‘Pinder’ helps animals find love, friendship - Fox News
Pet dating site ‘Pinder’ helps animals find love, friendship  Fox News

Pets of the Week: 4-week-old terrier-mix puppies - KGET 17
Pets of the Week: 4-week-old terrier-mix puppies  KGET 17

Passaic County ready for animal rescue in next storm with new pet trailer - NorthJersey.com
Passaic County ready for animal rescue in next storm with new pet trailer  NorthJersey.com

New study shows associations between adolescents' relationships with their pets and their social media use - Newswise
New study shows associations between adolescents' relationships with their pets and their social media use  Newswise

Lucky's Pet Grooming, Barking Dogs accused of choking pets in separate incidents - KTNV Las Vegas
Lucky's Pet Grooming, Barking Dogs accused of choking pets in separate incidents  KTNV Las Vegas

Berks ARL Will Offer FREE Adoptions of All Shelter Pets September 18-20 - bctv.org
Berks ARL Will Offer FREE Adoptions of All Shelter Pets September 18-20  bctv.org

Good Day Pets – Meet Roxy! - KCAU 9
Good Day Pets – Meet Roxy!  KCAU 9

This Humble Bundle definitely lets you pet the dogs - Polygon
This Humble Bundle definitely lets you pet the dogs  Polygon

Pets of the Week: Cozy up to Finnick, Wesley and Petals - Burlington County Times
Pets of the Week: Cozy up to Finnick, Wesley and Petals  Burlington County Times

Mountain lion reportedly killing multiple pets on Colorado Front Range - Colorado Springs Gazette
Mountain lion reportedly killing multiple pets on Colorado Front Range  Colorado Springs Gazette

Salem animal hospital offers free treatment for pets hurt in area wildfires - KPTV.com
Salem animal hospital offers free treatment for pets hurt in area wildfires  KPTV.com

Pet Health: Smoky air especially harmful to pets - KOIN.com
Pet Health: Smoky air especially harmful to pets  KOIN.com

Pets in the Classroom Grant Program Gets Financial Boost - PetProductNews.com
Pets in the Classroom Grant Program Gets Financial Boost  PetProductNews.com

Here’s how to keep your pets safe from carbon monoxide poisoning - WDIV ClickOnDetroit
Here’s how to keep your pets safe from carbon monoxide poisoning  WDIV ClickOnDetroit

Dress Up Your Pet with Frightfully Fun New PetSmart® Halloween Costumes - PRNewswire
Dress Up Your Pet with Frightfully Fun New PetSmart® Halloween Costumes  PRNewswire

Minneapolis veterinarians offer free pet care to dogs and cats of owners facing homelessness - Minneapolis Star Tribune
Minneapolis veterinarians offer free pet care to dogs and cats of owners facing homelessness  Minneapolis Star Tribune

'It's about love': Nevada County Pets In Need works to keep pets and their people together, offers pet food giveaway (PHOTO GALLERY) - The Union of Grass Valley
'It's about love': Nevada County Pets In Need works to keep pets and their people together, offers pet food giveaway (PHOTO GALLERY)  The Union of Grass Valley

DHEC: Rabid skunk found in Walhalla, 1 pet exposed - WSPA 7News
DHEC: Rabid skunk found in Walhalla, 1 pet exposed  WSPA 7News

Pets of the Week: Bernard and Charles - WWLP.com
Pets of the Week: Bernard and Charles  WWLP.com

2020 Pets on Parade has online element, too - Sioux City Journal
2020 Pets on Parade has online element, too  Sioux City Journal

Alachua County pets up for adoption - WCJB
Alachua County pets up for adoption  WCJB

Woman donates pet oxygen masks after rescuing dog from wildfires - Today.com
Woman donates pet oxygen masks after rescuing dog from wildfires  Today.com

KCBD’s Pet of the Day: Meet Blondie - KCBD
KCBD’s Pet of the Day: Meet Blondie  KCBD

Why Austin's Nulo is fastest-growing big pet food maker in US - Austin Business Journal
Why Austin's Nulo is fastest-growing big pet food maker in US  Austin Business Journal

Nine People and Three Pets Displaced by West End Apartment Fire - ALXnow
Nine People and Three Pets Displaced by West End Apartment Fire  ALXnow

Meet our pets of the week: A lab mix, a cat and pony - STLtoday.com
Meet our pets of the week: A lab mix, a cat and pony  STLtoday.com

Young-Williams Pet of the Week: Hallie - WATE 6 On Your Side
Young-Williams Pet of the Week: Hallie  WATE 6 On Your Side

Pets of the Week: September 17, 2020 - WSIL TV
Pets of the Week: September 17, 2020  WSIL TV

Top Ways To Easily Clean Your Pet's Hair - KHTS Radio
Top Ways To Easily Clean Your Pet's Hair  KHTS Radio

Free microchipping event for Salt Lake County pets - fox13now.com
Free microchipping event for Salt Lake County pets  fox13now.com

All Pets Puppy Picks: North Marion vs. Elkins - WBOY.com
All Pets Puppy Picks: North Marion vs. Elkins  WBOY.com

Pet of the Week: Zoe, Zipper, and Rigby - LebTown
Pet of the Week: Zoe, Zipper, and Rigby  LebTown

Bad air quality means pets are at risk, too - KVAL
Bad air quality means pets are at risk, too  KVAL

Our Pets Teach Us the Darndest Things - Hemophilia News Today
Our Pets Teach Us the Darndest Things  Hemophilia News Today

VDH Issues Warning After Virginia Pet Exposed to Rabid Raccoon - Our Community Now at Colorado
VDH Issues Warning After Virginia Pet Exposed to Rabid Raccoon  Our Community Now at Colorado

Wildlife officials in Colorado warn roaming pets attract mountain lions, multiple pets reportedly attacked recently - KKTV
Wildlife officials in Colorado warn roaming pets attract mountain lions, multiple pets reportedly attacked recently  KKTV

WSU veterinarians say keep your pets indoors, out of the smoke - MyNorthwest.com
WSU veterinarians say keep your pets indoors, out of the smoke  MyNorthwest.com

100 pet oxygen masks being delivered to Schenectady Fire Department - WNYT
100 pet oxygen masks being delivered to Schenectady Fire Department  WNYT

Mountain Lion Preying On Pets Near Evergreen - CBS Denver
Mountain Lion Preying On Pets Near Evergreen  CBS Denver

Huntsville Animal Services wants you to vote for the 'Best Pet Story' so it can earn donations - WAAY
Huntsville Animal Services wants you to vote for the 'Best Pet Story' so it can earn donations  WAAY

Global Digital Pet Care Products and Services Market Report 2020: Covid-19 Alters Pet Owner Behavior, Fast Tracks Digital Pet Care - ResearchAndMarkets.com - Yahoo Finance
Global Digital Pet Care Products and Services Market Report 2020: Covid-19 Alters Pet Owner Behavior, Fast Tracks Digital Pet Care - ResearchAndMarkets.com  Yahoo Finance

Two Pet Ducks That Survived Santa Cruz Mountains Fire Up for Adoption - NBC Bay Area
Two Pet Ducks That Survived Santa Cruz Mountains Fire Up for Adoption  NBC Bay Area

Paws Humane Society to host third Pet Food Pantry on Sept. 19 - WRBL
Paws Humane Society to host third Pet Food Pantry on Sept. 19  WRBL

Overnight Pet Care Associate - Charlotte Agenda
Overnight Pet Care Associate  Charlotte Agenda

Pet Scene: Summit County's adoptable pets for the week of Sept. 13, 2020 - Summit Daily News
Pet Scene: Summit County's adoptable pets for the week of Sept. 13, 2020  Summit Daily News

What pet parents should know about cannabis-based medical products - KOMO News
What pet parents should know about cannabis-based medical products  KOMO News

How Pets May Improve Our Immunity - Psychology Today
How Pets May Improve Our Immunity  Psychology Today

Help Pets in Need Find a Forever Family During PetSmart Charities® National Adoption Days - PRNewswire
Help Pets in Need Find a Forever Family During PetSmart Charities® National Adoption Days  PRNewswire

Xena is pet of the week - Herald-Mail Media
Xena is pet of the week  Herald-Mail Media

Recognizing pain in your pets - WCAX
Recognizing pain in your pets  WCAX

TRENDING NOW: Pet dating sites, snail facials - WFSB
TRENDING NOW: Pet dating sites, snail facials  WFSB

Beloved pet parakeet escapes Panama City family's RV in Hillsborough County park - FOX 13 Tampa Bay
Beloved pet parakeet escapes Panama City family's RV in Hillsborough County park  FOX 13 Tampa Bay

Packaged Facts predicts top 5 trends for pet food - Pet Food Processing
Packaged Facts predicts top 5 trends for pet food  Pet Food Processing

The Gallery Collection Announces 2020 Pet Photo Contest - PRNewswire
The Gallery Collection Announces 2020 Pet Photo Contest  PRNewswire

Pet oxygen masks donated to Schenectady County fire crews - NEWS10 ABC
Pet oxygen masks donated to Schenectady County fire crews  NEWS10 ABC

Ariel | Pet of the Week - The Republic-Times
Ariel | Pet of the Week  The Republic-Times

Protect your family, pets: Questions about air quality answered - Statesman Journal
Protect your family, pets: Questions about air quality answered  Statesman Journal

Botanical Gardens--The Hidden Gems of Pet-Friendly Activities - Carlisle Sentinel
Botanical Gardens--The Hidden Gems of Pet-Friendly Activities  Carlisle Sentinel

Consumer Reports: Best vacuums for cleaning pet hair - WPVI-TV
Consumer Reports: Best vacuums for cleaning pet hair  WPVI-TV

“Cummings” Pet of The Day September 18 - WLNS
“Cummings” Pet of The Day September 18  WLNS

Reckless behavior killed beloved pet | Opinion - Hiawatha World
Reckless behavior killed beloved pet | Opinion  Hiawatha World

Protect your pets from snakes - Fox 59
Protect your pets from snakes  Fox 59

Stolen special-needs puppy returned to pet store - WJXT News4JAX
Stolen special-needs puppy returned to pet store  WJXT News4JAX

PetPlace.com Reader Survey Reveals Pet Parents' Pandemic Attitude - PR Web
PetPlace.com Reader Survey Reveals Pet Parents' Pandemic Attitude  PR Web

Lions have lived in Anchorage as business attractions and pets over the years. Here's how that worked out. - Anchorage Daily News
Lions have lived in Anchorage as business attractions and pets over the years. Here's how that worked out.  Anchorage Daily News

Still plenty of pets available despite pandemic surge - KRDO
Still plenty of pets available despite pandemic surge  KRDO

T&D Pet Idol: And the other winners are ... - Cherokee Tribune Ledger News
T&D Pet Idol: And the other winners are ...  Cherokee Tribune Ledger News

Adopt a Pet | Jenner - Napa Valley Register
Adopt a Pet | Jenner  Napa Valley Register

Pet of the Week: Meet Dora | News - Evening News and Tribune
Pet of the Week: Meet Dora | News  Evening News and Tribune

Hurricane Sally wrecks giant oak tree, disturbs pet peacock - WRDW
Hurricane Sally wrecks giant oak tree, disturbs pet peacock  WRDW

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