Pets Information Channel:
More free online ebooks tips articles:
Advertising | Affiliate revenue sharing | Auctions | Best Tips and Home Remedies | Blogging | Crafts & Hobbies | Currency Trading | mesothelioma lung cancer and asbestos | Mortgage and refinance | Pets | Web Site design
We would like to thank the local libraries, schools, and universities for recommending students to visit us when doing research on any of our information topics.
Please check back frequently as new topics are added and current topics are updated daily.
If you've ever watched as a cat "flipped" over fresh catnip perhaps you've been struck with the question; "what causes Catnip to affect cats that way?" Catnip is indeed an unusual phenomenon among cats, it has the ability to alter your cat's behavior like nothing else can. So what exactly is the reason for what scientists have coined as "the Catnip effect"?
Unfortunately for such inquisitive minds the exact reason of why Catnip affects cats in such a manner remains mostly a mystery. There is however much that we do know about Catnip and cats even if we don't have the ultimate answer of exactly "why?" yet answered.
The Science Stuff
Catnip is scientifically classified as Nepeta cataria and is a perennial herb from the mint family and is in fact also referred to as "Catmint". It is a plant indigenous to Europe but has been exported and is now found all over including the United States and Canada.
The active ingredient in Catnip is an oil; Nepetalactone, which is found in the leaves of the plant. This is the reason you are able to find Catnip in a bottle or spray form in some pet stores.
Other Uses For Catnip
Catnip is not only good to stimulate activity in cats, it can also be used by humans as an herb for a medicinal tea which may soothe toothaches, help against coughs, and may also perform as a sleep aid. Furthermore, Catnip can be used as an herb on salads or other foods as has been the case for centuries in France. Lately Catnip has also been garnering favor as a natural insect repellant rivaling the effectiveness of many store bought varieties of repellant.
Catnip and Kitty
Catnip affects approximately half of all cats. What determines whether or not a cat will react to Catnip is a genome that is inherited (or not inherited as the case may be) at birth. Kittens, regardless of whether or not they carry this genome, do not react to Catnip until reaching about 3 or 4 months of age and becoming sexually mature. Older cats are also more likely to have a diminished or non-existing reaction to Catnip, which leads scientists to believe that the Catnip effect is based at least partially on sexuality and that the reaction may be something like an aphrodisiac. Further adding to this belief is the similarity of a sexual pheromone found in the urine of the male cat to nepetalactone (the active product in Catnip).
Cats that can be traced to regions where Catnip is not indigenous appear to be unaffected by Catnip. The domesticated housecat is not the only cat that may be affected by Catnip. Larger cats can also be affected by the Catnip effect, felines such as the bobcat, lynx, tiger and even lion are known to react much the same way the common housecat would. It is interesting to note that while Catnip can act as a stimulant when a cat sniffs it, it can conversely act as a relaxant if ingested. Therefore, you may see a different, nearly opposite result depending on whether your cat chooses to eat the Catnip you provide for him/her or merely sniffs it (the latter being the more typical behavior).
How to Use Catnip With Your Cat
Catnip can prove to be a very useful tool for a few common problems with your cat. If you are lucky enough to have a cat that does react favorably to Catnip then here are a couple of ideas for you and your furry little friend.
Catnip and Lazy Cats:
Catnip can be used to get a lazy cat off his or her butt. Some cats are notoriously lazy, choosing to sleep much of their day away in a nice golden patch of sunlight on the living room carpet, only waking up to eat and gather some necessary attention from their indulgent owners. If this sounds like your cat, you may soon see (if you haven't already) that your cat is becoming more and more round. This is generally not a good thing. Catnip may be able to help. Presenting catnip to your cat encourages activity (of course provided the cat sniffs rather than eats the herb).
Many adult cats will respond to Catnip in a manner that resembles their childlike kitten hyperactivity, jumping, playing and running around as if it was given an injection of kitty adrenaline, which in essence, is the case. The effect of Catnip on a cat can last somewhere between two and fifteen minutes. If the latter is the case, then this is a decent amount of exercise and will help keep your cat a little more svelte than without a Catnip treatment. Furthermore, if you leave the Catnip out for a few hours then your cat may return to the herb later (an hour or two after the effect has worn off) and again react in an energetic fashion. So in this sense you may consider Catnip sort of like a kitty energy drink.
Catnip and Cats That Scratch Furniture:
If you have a cat that seems bent on the destruction of your furniture then Catnip may again be able to come to the rescue. Cats can be frustratingly picky about just about anything under the sun including where they want to sharpen their furniture destroying claws. It is not uncommon for a cat to damage or destroy a piece of furniture just because the owners finally gave up on trying to redirect their cat to the unused cat scratching post that set them back anywhere up to a hundred dollars and more. A good way to attempt to change this frustrating and expensive behavior is to rub some Catnip or Catnip oil on a scratching post that you are attempting to get the cat to use. Introduce your cat to the newly "Catnipped" scratching post and see how he/she reacts. If all goes well, your cat will sniff and inspect the post and then begin clawing at it. After a few times (you may have to re-Catnip the post) hopefully kitty will be trained to use the post rather than the sofa.
Using Catnip with Multiple Cats
If you've never used Catnip before and you have more than one cat it is advisable to try it out individually on each cat before introducing it to all of your cats at the same time. The reason is because Catnip affects some cats in a negative manner causing the cat in question to become aggressive rather than merely playful. Introducing it to your cats individually enables you to control the situation and keep a cat that may react aggressively isolated from your other cats. This of course means avoiding a possible catfight that could result in broken furniture, hurt kitties (possibly requiring a vet visit), annoyed neighbors (and probably owners), or a combination of all of the above.
Growing and Keeping Catnip
Growing your own Catnip can be rewarding as it can save you money, give you the satisfaction of doing something yourself and ensuring that you always get fresh, high-quality Catnip for your cat. A word of caution however; the exact kitty reaction you want to grow your own Catnip is something to be wary of. If you plan on growing your Catnip out of doors and other cats can access your Catnip garden then be prepared for unwelcome feline visitors. This may not be a problem for you personally, but cats are by nature territorial and if you have a cat that lives alone without the company of other cats this could prove to be an area of stress for your cat. Even if you keep your cat inside at all times, your cat may get agitated if he/she looks out the window to see another cat frolicking in territory your cat considers his or her own. If you choose to grow your Catnip indoors, be careful to keep it out of reach of kitty. Otherwise you'll likely have Fluffy jumping up on furniture even to the most out of the way place to get access to the tempting herb. Cats are great jumpers and not really known for respecting precious household knick-knacks. So if you do decide to grow it indoors for a cat that reacts to Catnip, be careful to grow it in a place that your cat won't be able to access it. A room that you always keep closed to the cat is probably the best solution for indoor grown Catnip.
If you do find that your cat reacts positively to Catnip you should be sure to use it sparingly so as not to dull the effect which can be the result of overexposure. A good rule of thumb is to not treat your kitty more than once a week on average to Catnip.
Given all the positive effects that Catnip may have on your cat you owe it to yourself (and naturally your fluffy little ball of affection) to see how he/she reacts to this strange and well known herb. It will provide enjoyment and exercise for your cat and most likely an entertaining show for yourself as well. It's a win win situation.
Andy Markison is an illustrator, graphic designer, animal lover and pet owner living in Germany. His website, ZapGraphix.com, sells fun and humorous pet related merchandise.
Pet-friendly workplaces are becoming more common, with Google, Amazon, Etsy, and other large companies allowing employees to bring their furry friends to ...
With consumers spending as much as $72 billion on their pets in 2018, here are 2 companies that could benefit most from our love of animals.
The Fourth of July is just about a week and a half away, and there's one preparation for the holiday that you might not have considered.
Next week, fireworks will illuminate the skies — and ring in the sound — of Fourth of July celebrations. As we enjoy these holiday festivities, it's important to ...
Local pets are available for adoption in the Treasure Valley through the West Valley Humane Society, the Meridian Canine Rescue and the Idaho Humane ...
Meet Penny: Pretty, petite, playful Penny, a pup with a heart of gold, a desire to please, and a happy-go-lucky personality that's impossible to resist. This lovely ...
I must begin this article with a confession: If it weren't for my fiancee, I never would have gotten so deep into the world of Instagram-famous pets. To say that they ...
Pets cannot tell you when they are experiencing signs of heat exposure, so it's important for you to know the symptoms.
For our pets edition this year readers submitted their best dressed pets and here at Weekly headquarters, we wanted to get in on the action!...
DES MOINES — A new hire in the state agriculture department will focus on companion animals. The hire comes after a legislative session in which a proposal ...
Texans know that the summer heat can be dangerous for people and can also be a hazard for pets.
SAN FRANCISCO -- There was no significant association between people who kept pets with multi-drug resistant organisms in their stool and the people having ...
Perinton N. Y. (WHAM) - A man is recovering after trying to save his pets from a burning home Saturday. According to deputies, the man stopped at his home on ...
Are you stressed about leaving your fur baby behind on your next vacation? Well with Extended Stay America, you have great pet-friendly travel options!
A groomer at Eastside Animal Hospital in Jeffersonville is showing us the latest pet trends.
Animal shelters across the country cite higher lost pet intakes on July 5th than on any other day of the year. For too many dogs and cats, fireworks displays cause ...
We all know how much Queen Elizabeth loved her Corgis. She made the difficult decision to stop breeding Corgis in 2015 with the fear that she might trip over.
It seems not to be doing the owners as much good as they think.
Listen to hear some great tips about how to keep your pets safe this summer!
With a fast-growing awareness about nutrition and our own health, it is not surprising that the next wave of wellness companies are not focused on humans, but ...
Be Kind Pet Line is a line of natural remedies for pets so you can treat care for them without medication, toxins, chemicals or side effects. More info: Be Kind Pet ...
Humanity oppresses many wild and farmed animals. But its pets have it on a short leash.
Many hotels and resorts are pet-friendly and some even offer welcome amenities, dog-sitting services and gourmet canine cuisine.
CHICAGO, June 24, 2019 /PRNewswire/ -- The great American road trip has officially taken on dogs. According to a recent online travel survey from Orbitz, 77% ...
Brie's was rescued from a less than ideal situation with 124 other cats. Several of them were undersocialized and very scared. Brie is working hard on being ...
A PetSmart in Medford hosted adoptions on Saturday for many cats and dogs who need loving homes, 6 dogs and 22 cats to be exact. Many of these animals ...
Nearly 70% of U.S. households own a pet, according to the American Pet Products Association, and most pet owners enjoy lavishing their loyal companions with ...
Our four-legged friends love exploring the outdoors, but when they're unable to walk for long periods—due to age, size, illness, or injury—that doesn't need to.
The Brandywine Valley SPCA's biannual Mega Adoption Event will be held June 29-30 at the Bob Carpenter Center in Newark.
These animals are currently available for adoption from the Onslow County Animal Shelter, which is located on Georgetown Road in Jacksonville. For more ...
Dave Mishkin shares the story of Dr. Bruce Anthony, a vet and Lightning fan.
LMAS announced Monday that all redemption fees for impounded stray pets will be waived for the month of July to reduce overcrowding.
Four dogs have been featured as this week's Halifax Humane Society Adoptable Pets of the Week. The first is Killian, an 8-year-old retriever, Labrador, terrier ...
It all started on a Tuesday night, when I came home from work to an unmistakable absence. My brown-and-white pit bull mix, Maizey, wasn't at the top of the ...
A Farmington Hills family whose dog was stolen nearly a month ago has offered a $1000 reward for information leading to the recovery of their pet.
Huskies Izzy and King can take a few stumbling steps before they have to sit down and rest. According to the people who helped rescue them, they've come ...
Our Pets of the Week, Sam and Coda, are available for a discounted adoption fee from the Animal Rescue Fund of MS.
"The humanization of pets has been a fabulous secular growth story — one that's really paid off in 2019," Cramer says.
Lake Bell is the pet parent to a rescue dog, three leopard geckos, and two spiders.
The first rule of show business is don't work with kids or animals. The new rule of retail, based on the success of the Chewy IPO Friday, should be don't bet ...
A new report that reveals a need for more pet-friendly housing and family conversations about worst-case scenarios.
Squish is a 12-year-old female, brown smooth-coated Chihuahua mix available for adoption at Animal Services – Lompoc. Her adoption fee includes spay, ...
June 22, 2019 06:20 PM. PERINTON, N.Y. (WHEC)- A family son was injured and family pets died in a house fire on Saturday on Ridgeview Drive. According to ...
With de-extinction hovering on the edge of being a thing, it is worth asking at least one question. That question is not “why?” or “is this a good idea??”—if it can ...
These pets are available for adoption at Tri-County Humane Society.
More than sixty pet and animal themed vendors and eight pet adoption agencies took over Hall A at the Peoria Civic Center Saturday. From 10-4 for $5.
The ProShares Pet Care ETF (CBOE: PAWZ) debuted last November as the first exchange traded fund (ETF) dedicated to the pet care industry and related ...
Before traveling with a pet this summer, whether by plane or car, read these tips from an expert veterinarian.
CASPER, Wyo. — Cyanobacterial blooms from blue-green algae in water can be toxic to humans, pets and other animals. The Wyoming Department of.
New research suggests that companies may want to allow pets in the office every day.
LEBANON — The first couple of weeks, more people were donating to the Upper Valley Humane Society's new “pop-up” pet-food pantry than were walking out ...
BURLINGTON, Vt. (WCAX) Last week's pets with potential, Marcus, was adopted and is now at his home. You may remember Sweetie, a cat we featured twice ...
This summer could be a bad one for pet owners, more fleas seem to be invading the valley. “The fleas are definitely worse this year, we did hear with the ...
Have room in your heart and home for 1 (or 2!) of these deserving pets? They're all waiting to meet you at MSPCA-Boston!
You need to be cautious about such a diet for dogs. Cats rely entirely on animal flesh for essential nutrients.
Post Malone couldn't look more ecstatic visiting a South Africa safari park.
There are a couple more places in El Paso you can scan a lost pet at. All 34 fire stations in El Paso have the capability to assist in finding the a pet's owner by ...
TUCSON – It has been in the hundreds consistently in Tucson and this heat is affecting our pets. “Dogs are supposed to be part of the family and that's why we ...
Profile: One Step Closer Animal Rescue. One Step Closer Animal Rescue Inc. in Sparta is a nonprofit rescue organization that saves dogs and cats from ...
If you're a pet owner in Gloversville and own more than six dogs or cats, you could be in legal trouble thanks to a new ordinance.
Does living with animals really make us healthier? Why do we eat some animals and keep others as pets? This week on Hidden Brain, we talk with psychology ...
(Reuters) - A David and Goliath battle is brewing in the business of selling prescription medicines for pets, pitching veterinarians against online giants moving ...
Alaska wildlife officials recently issued a warning for residents in Fairbanks: Beware of hares. In a news release late last month, the Alaska Department of Fish ...
Too scattered narratively to cohere, and yet somehow still funny enough to justify its existence, “The Secret Life of Pets 2” makes for an entertaining trifle.
Informal and formal arrangements, like a pet trust, can help ensure your pets are provided for if you get sick or pass away.
Hundreds of cats and dogs in Nevada finally have a home, thanks to a massive free animal adoption event over the weekend.
VANCOUVER, BC / ACCESSWIRE / June 24, 2019 / EastWest Bioscience (the "Company" or "EastWest") (EAST.V) announces that it has partnered with Avafina ...
Consumer Reports gives you tips on how to fly with a pet or support animal. If you're thinking of taking a pet along on your next flight, be prepared. This summer ...
A bill that would ban pet stores from selling puppies and kittens that come from breeders and puppy mills is moving through the Rhode Island State House.
(WTNH) - It might be hard for you to leave your pet behind when you go on vacation, but should you really them with you? Furry Friends Foster & Rescue can ...
The fashion designer, releasing a new collection of upholstered furniture this month, talks interior design challenges, his decorating faux pas, and risky paint ...
Staci Columbo Alonso founded Noah's Animal House in Las Vegas.
Hi Everyone: I'm Goose with my brother, Gus, coming to you from Cat Gallery #6 at the Oshkosh Area Humane Society. We are two young boys that love to have ...
Both are available for adoption at the Jackson County Animal Shelter.
The Arizona Humane Society is helping evacuees care for their animals during the Woodbury Fire.
Pat Reedy is on constant coyote watch. The Northeast Pasadena resident's neighborhood has been invaded by packs of coyotes recently. These dog-like ...
These companies ensure that their employees' beloved pets thrive during the workday.
The Memorial Day weekend marks the traditional start of the cookout season; here are some tips from BluePearl Veterinary Partners to make sure your pet is a ...
Dogs and cats throughout New Jersey await adoption.
'It is going to give us an opportunity to have some legal standing for animals left in hot vehicles,' said Prestonsburg Mayor Les Stapleton.
At this wedding, the best man was also a very good boy. A groom from Scotland decided that for his best man, all he needed was man's best friend. So, on his ...
My dog Tobey and I were recently watching Shark Tank when the creator of vegan dog food brand Wild Earth came on stage. Ryan Bethencourt, the company's ...
Your browser does not currently recognize any of the video formats available. Click here to visit our frequently asked questions about HTML5 video.
UPPER MAHANTONGO TOWNSHIP, Pa. -- Hillside SPCA near Pottsville received a tip Wednesday about a house in question in the countryside near Hegins.
Researchers are using “catcams” to study the real secret lives of pets.
Aside from filling out the certificate of veterinary inspection and any other forms required by an airline within the required deadline, veterinarians should.
Though they led ticket sales this weekend, both movies fell short of expectations.
Check out furry friends up for adoption on Staten Island this weekend. The devoted volunteer animal rescue groups listed below have dozens of animals in their ...
Bringing your dogs and cats to work can have a positive effect on employees, even boosting productivity in the office.
I love my pets, and I love my veterinarian. Actually, I should say veterinarians.
If you are going on vacation and you have a pet, it's a dilemma. Do you hire a pet sitter, or send your dog or cat to the kennel? Some new apps make pet sitting ...
While enjoying the hot summer weather in the Netherlands this week, remember to also make sure your pets are cool and hydrated. By now everyone should ...
Want to save the life of a shelter pet and bring a new best friend into your home? There are hundreds of adoptable cats and dogs awaiting a new home. Here are ...
Judy Hetkowski has been breeding dogs for 24 years. "My dogs are Vizslas. They're from Hungary originally," she says of her dogs. "They were the dogs of the ...
Excessive hair loss and fur damage may indicate boredom, loneliness and even severe separation anxiety among household pets, according to experts.
New York (CNN Business) The X-Men are taking on some formidable foes at the box office this weekend: a chatty group of super cute computer-generated pets.
On the Today show, Martha Stewart talked about her many, many pets, and how she takes such good care of them, that many of her friends want to come back ...
Utah's most popular pet sanctuary is about to get even more pet-centric. Best Friends Animal Society in Kanab, which hosts about 30,000 visitors annually, will ...
Research presented at the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging's 2019 Annual Meeting shows that molecular imaging with 18F-FDG positron ...
If you agree that pet theft should be treated much more seriously and the lives of our furry companions are worth more than property, sign this petition!
RELATED PET ARTICLES FROM THE PET INFORMATION CHANNEL::
A Dog Day Care Franchise - Is It Really Worth It?
When you take into account that there are over 68,000,000 dogs in the United States alone, you can see why many people consider taking advantage of a dog day care franchise. However, before you even think about a dog day care franchise, please do a self evaluation and make sure you are doing it for the right reasons.
Comparison of the Cost and Effectiveness of Holistic Horse Care versus Conventional Care
After years of practicing both conventional and holistic medicine for horses, I decided to compare the cost, effectiveness, and net results of managing and treating horses holistically versus conventionally. In this article I compare results for the average trail horse that is ridden about 2-3 times a week.
Horse Training Creativeness: The 5th Of 6 Keys To Developing A Partnership With Your Horse
The 6 Keys To Building A Life Long Partnership With Your Horse. Today I am going to ask you to think about being creative when playing with your horse.
Introducing a New Kitten to Your Older Cat.
So, you read somewhere that introducing a new kitten into your home could be great for your existing cat, for companionship. And you remember how much fun your cat was when she was a new kitten, and you would love to re-live those days.
Dogs and Old Age, How To Care For Your Aging Canine
Now that you're dog has shown you so much love and brought you so much joy throughout your many years together, it's time that you return the favor when the dog reaches his elder years. Caring for an older dog is much like caring for an elderly person.
What's the Best Diet for a Pregnant Cat?
Pregnant cats have to eat for two, three, four, five, even six cats. So her regular meal is just not enough.
Proper Diet For the Discus Fish
The Discus fish has its habitat in the South American waters of Brazil and Peru. Discus fish are classified as "grazers", and in the wild constantly forage for food.
Caring for Your Dogs Teeth
A dog, like a human baby, experiences the world through his mouth, by tasting and chewing on things. But, he also uses his mouth is as his hands.
Fat and Obese Dogs Live Shorter Lives
Obesity is one of the most important health concerns facing dogs. If you love your dog, you should do something about it.
Dog Worms -- Don't Let Them Get Started
There may be no warning before dog worms strike.It was about two AM, when beneath our bed the new puppy we'd brought home from the pound just a month earlier began screaming.
Acclimating New Birds
Now that my services have expanded into the "matchmaking" business, it dawned on me that we need to talk about the transition of a bird moving to a new home, whether a hand fed baby just adopted to a new home or an older bird going to a second home. This is a stressful time for any bird, but you can help lessen the strife and make the move easier for both your new bird and the rest of the family.
The Myth of 100% Complete Processed Pet Foods
Every day, people by the millions pour food from a package into their pet's bowl. Day in and day out, meal after meal, pets get the same fare.
Training Collars: Teaching Your Dog Basic Obedience and Breaking Bad Habits
Training CollarsTraining collars are a tool many pet owners utilize to teach their pets boundaries. There are several different types and several different options available to the consumer.
Dog Training Book - Why Buy One? When Everything is Free Online!
I'm a dog lover who believes that every dog owners should train their dogs if they truly love and care for them. Because I believe that dog training gives dogs a happier and healthier life.
Choosing Dog Tags for Your Canine
Remember when you first met your dog? He was fresh and new, and you were just getting to know each other. You went through training together, perhaps even ate together.
Take that Junk out of your Trunk
Your local grocery store is chock full of food and treats that are stuffed with bad quality ingredients. It is a real shock that the shelves do not simply collapse under the weight of all that rubbish.
How To Adopt A Shelter Cat - Your New Cat Will Thank You For Reading This Article
If you are thinking of adding a feline to your family, consider adopting a cat from your local animal shelter or humane society. The animals have been carefully screened for adoptability and have usually been worked with to enhance sociability.
Buster the Beloved Pussycat
"Dogs have owners; cats have staff," and I have worked for some wonderful cats in my time. The one I loved best was named Buster.
An Introduction to Dog Beds
Some people are so attached to their pets that they wouldn't dream of asking them to simply curl up on the floor to go to sleep. Pet owners, especially dog owners, have created an industry for dog beds that rivals the bedding industry for humans in both creativity and profit margins.
Cat Scratching Solutions
For a cat, scratching is a natural, necessary act. Besides keeping her claws in top shape, the stretching involved in a good scratch keeps her upper body strong and loose.
Find used office equipment in Ohio at www.OfficeJax.Has.It
Find the best fleamarkets at www.FleaMarketWorld.Has.It
Find electric powered vehicles at www.NoGas.Drives.It
Katrina's pet sitting and house sitting services Akron Ohio
Find homes for rent
Northwest Veterinary Practice
|[Back to Top]
|akron ohio pet supply pet store littlest pet shop pet store supply pet shop adoption pet insurance pet grooming pet pet virtual pet services pet shop groomers pet care pet medication pet adopt pet food pet product cemetery pet sale health pet animal pet bed pet carrier pet name pet door pet nutrition pet wonder general pet memorial pet scan boarding grooming pet teacher pet plus supply gate pet friendly hotel pet exotic pet medicine pet discount pet sound pet tag dog pet supply wholesale pet hotel pet rescue bird pet sitter pet boarding pet online pet store boarding pet sitting pet care salt water aquariums fresh water aquariums pet health pet meds pet classifieds pet id pet tag dog free pet puppy pet loss pet related services animal pet rabbit pet turtle pet sex little pet shop exotic pet store dubai pet travel pet place own pet services sitting flea dip pet pharmacy food natural pet products pet training pet shelter pet finder animals pet rat clothes pet pet stroller pet shampoos health insurance pet fish pet lost pet grooming mobile pet banfield hospital pet hospitals free pet stuff pet finder pet supermarket pets allowed pet kennel pet contest pet photo free pet online pet edge pet grooming pet cat pet holistic veterinarian pet care for your pet sitting eye nose ears pet finder dog clothing Westminster dog show online pet store dog eating feces? bad dog behavior problems? puppies for sale Westminster kennel dog itchy itchyitchydog baghdad dog insider dog training tips remedies report reviews recommended procedures|