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Adjustable vs. Fixed Rate Mortgages
Mortgage rates can either be fixed for the duration of your loan or can be adjustable. An adjustable rate mortgage is a loan that is set up with an interest rate that changes based on pre-determined criteria, primarily tied to the federal interest rate. If the interest rates are up, then your interest rate on your loan will be higher, if the interest rates are low than the interest rate on your loan will go down.
Adjustable rate mortgages (ARM) are generally fixed interest rates for a period of time and then become adjustable. Generally speaking the introductory interest rate for an ARM loan will be lower than a fixed rate mortgage. This is done in order to lower initial payments and allow people to take out larger mortgages, or give them smaller payments for the introductory period. This is attractive to people who may know that their income will be increasing over that period of time.
Whether or not to choose an ARM or a fixed rate mortgage has been debated for as long as there have been ARMs. Though people feel strongly in both camps, simple mathematics can assist you in determining which mortgage is best for you and your personality. Your personality? Yes. Some people are not comfortable with any uncertainty in their lives. The idea of having an uncertain mortgage payment in the future may cause them more stress than the money they are saving is worth. Therefore, factor your own comfort level into the equation.
Generally speaking, ARMs are 2, 3 or 5 years, though they can be longer or shorter. At the end of that period your interest rate will become variable unless you sell your home or refinance. If you think that the likelihood of your selling or refinancing within the period of the ARM is strong, than the lower interest rates of the ARM loan will be of great benefit to you. If you think it is unlikely that you will sell or refinance within that period, then you may not benefit from an ARM.
Bob and Robyn are a young married couple just starting out. Bob is in advertising sales and Robyn is a teacher. Bob is fairly confident that his income will continue to increase over the next several years as he works his way up to becoming an account executive. Robyn's income is more predictable and is on an upward trend. Being a young couple they do not have the finances for large mortgage payments.
Bob and Robyn are presented with two mortgage proposals for their $150,000 mortgage. Proposal one is a 30-year fixed rate mortgage at 6% and the other is a 5-year ARM at an introductory rate of 5.25%. The fixed rate mortgage payments would be $899.33 per month, not including taxes. The ARM would have a 5-year period where payments would be $828.31 per month, not including taxes. Bob knows that even if he can afford the extra $70.00 per month for the fixed rate mortgage, that $70 per month may be better spent knocking down principle during the ARM period. He is further confident that as his salary increases, he is likely to upgrade his home within five years or refinance to make home improvements. Bob and Robyn took the ARM loan.
John and Catrina are a married couple with three grown children. John has been employed at the same company for 18 years and Catrina has been with her company for 12 years. They have consistent and stable income. Neither John nor Catrina expect any substantial increases in their salaries. After their last child moved out of the home they decided to downsize and buy a smaller home. They have a substantial down payment and will only be taking a mortgage of $100,000 on their new home. John and Catrina are presented with the same loan options as Bob and Robyn were. John and Catrina, however, know that it is unlikely they will sell or refinance in the next five years. They are comfortable with the payment schedule and, therefore, prefer the certainty of the fixed rate mortgage.
There are countless websites that offer mortgage calculators to determine your mortgage payment. For your convenience we offer one on our site (if you are not going to have one on your site, we can remove this, though I think it'd be good to have one on your site). You can review the different payment schedules based on the interest rates quoted for the fixed-rate and the ARM. Once you know the different payment amounts you will be able to determine which loan makes the most sense for you and your unique circumstances.
Your mortgage professional should also be able to assist you in reviewing the options and making the best decision for you. The more open and honest you are with your mortgage professional the more helpful they will be. It is only if they are armed with full and honest information that they will be able to make recommendations to you.
Ethan Hunter is the author of many credit related articles. If you are looking for help with Home Loans or any type of credit issue please visit us at http://www.homeloanave.com
MORE RESOURCES updated Fri. August / 14 / 2020
Is Now the Time To Refinance Your Mortgage? The New York Times
Low rates drive surge in mortgage, refinance activity in Spokane Spokane Journal of Business
Don't let mortgage rates distract you. You should also consider this when refinancing - Fox Business
FHFA Drops a Bomb; Your Refi Just Got Much More Expensive! Mortgage News Daily
6 Ways to Negotiate Home Closing Costs Credible News
Refi Rates Today, August 10, 2020 | Rates drop Bankrate.com
Don't make these mortgage refinancing mistakes | Business | swoknews.com The Lawton Constitution
Refi Rates Today, July 24, 2020 | Rates slide Bankrate.com
Is It Already Time To Refinance Again? Mortgage News Daily
New FHFA adverse market fee is disastrous for lenders National Mortgage News
You might have a tough time getting a 'jumbo mortgage' during pandemic. Here's what to expect - CNBC
A 'Middle Finger' to Struggling Families: How a New Fee Is About to Make Refinancing Your Mortgage a Lot More Expensive - MSN Money
A 'Middle Finger' to Struggling Families: How a New Fee Is About to Make Refinancing Your Mortgage a Lot More Expensive MSN Money
What Is A No-Closing-Cost Mortgage? Bankrate.com
How to Refinance a Jumbo Loan Credible News
Friday's business headlines WISHTV.com
Hotels lobby for big bailout from Congress Orlando Sentinel
How the right questions yield smart mortgage... Kent Reporter
Mortgage industry faces 'tsunami' of refinancing deals Phoenix Business Journal
Mortgage rates today, July 15, 2020, plus lock recommendations | Mortgage Rates, Mortgage News and Strategy - The Mortgage Reports
Mortgage rates today, July 15, 2020, plus lock recommendations | Mortgage Rates, Mortgage News and Strategy The Mortgage Reports
Mortgage refinance: Everything you need to know Fox Business
How to Decide Whether Refinancing is Right for You? Communal News
How to get the best mortgage refinance rates Fox Business
How to refinance your mortgage Fox Business
Is now the best time to refinance your mortgage? Fox Business
10 things to know before refinancing your mortgage Fox Business
5 unexpected sources of retirement income Fox Business
When should you refinance your mortgage? Fox Business
Mortgage refinance applications spike 79% as homeowners rush to take advantage of lower rates - CNBC
How does mortgage refinancing work? Bankrate.com
Should I refinance my house? Mortgage rates drop to 50-year low as coronavirus spreads across the U.S. — and the world - MarketWatch
Should I refinance my house? Mortgage rates drop to 50-year low as coronavirus spreads across the U.S. — and the world MarketWatch
Record number of borrowers can now save on a mortgage refinance as rates drop from coronavirus fears - CNBC
Record number of borrowers can now save on a mortgage refinance as rates drop from coronavirus fears CNBC
I refinanced my mortgage during COVID-19, and thanks to low interest rates I'll save about $50000 - Business Insider
I refinanced my mortgage during COVID-19, and thanks to low interest rates I'll save about $50000 Business Insider
The impact of the coronavirus on mortgage refinancings Brookings Institution
Rushing to Refinance Your Mortgage: 6 Tips and What to Avoid The New York Times
With Mortgage Rates So Low, Getting a Floating Rate Mortgage Might Seem Crazy. Here's Why I Did It Anyway - MONEY
With Mortgage Rates So Low, Getting a Floating Rate Mortgage Might Seem Crazy. Here's Why I Did It Anyway MONEY
The basics of no-closing cost mortgage refinancing Fox Business
Weekly mortgage refinance applications spike 15% as interest rates plunge to lowest in nearly 4 years - CNBC
Weekly mortgage refinance applications spike 15% as interest rates plunge to lowest in nearly 4 years CNBC
Successfully Refinancing Your Mortgage Isn’t Just About Getting A Great Interest Rate. Here’s What Else You Need To Look For - Forbes
Successfully Refinancing Your Mortgage Isn’t Just About Getting A Great Interest Rate. Here’s What Else You Need To Look For Forbes
Compare Today's Mortgage Refinance Rates: Aug 13 Credible News