A Brief History of Japanese Daruma Dolls
Daruma dolls are representations of the historical Indian priest Bodhidharma, a sage who traveled throughout Japan and
China in the 5th or 6th century AD. Bodhidharma is credited with establishing Chan Buddhism in China and Zen Buddhism in Japan.
Legend has it that Bodhidharma achieved enlightenment, or satori, following seven years of meditation either in a cave or as he was
facing the wall of a room at the Shorinji Temple in China. During this time he moved neither his eyes nor his limbs. Legend has it
that as a result of his inactivity Bodhidharma's limbs shriveled and fell off. Another legend relates that angry with the fact
that he had fallen asleep during his meditation, Bodhidharma cut off his eyelids in a fit of anger. It is believed that the
severed eyelids fell to the ground and sprouted into China's first green tea plants!
Daruma dolls (Daruma is short for Bodai Daruma, the Japanese rendering of the name) are red roly-poly papier-mâché
depictions of Bodhidharma. Like the Bodhidharma they have no arms or legs and sit in a meditative pose with large, staring eyes and
no eyelids. When knocked on its side, the doll pops back to the upright position (hence "tumbler" doll, or "okiagari koboshi") so
it has become a symbol of optimism, good fortune and strong determination. The doll comes in many sizes - the standard size
is larger than a basketball. While most Daruma dolls are male, some Japanese localities have female Daruma ("ehime daruma" or "princess daruma").
At New Year time, many Japanese individuals and corporations buy a Daruma doll, make a resolution, and then paint in one of
the eyes. If, during the year, they are able to achieve their goal, they paint in the second eye. Many politicians, at the
beginning of an election period, will buy a Daruma doll, paint in one eye, and then, if they win the election, paint in the other
eye. At year end, it is customary to take the Daruma doll to a temple, where it is burned in a big bonfire.
Daruma-making is strongest in the Takasaki region of South West Japan. It began in earnest here in the late 17th century as
a relief measure for farmers who were suffering from famine. The story is that the Daruma Temple instructed farm households to
make dolls from papier-mâché as a way of earning extra income. These days nearly 100 households annually make about 1.6
million darumas, accounting for about 80% of all darumas made in Japan. Every year on the 6th and 7th of January, a Daruma market
is held in the precincts of the Daruma Temple, and hundreds of thousands of people visit it.
There are many different styles of Daruma Dolls, but there is one philosophy that all Daruma dolls share and that is the
pursuit of beauty and artistry through simplicity. This philosophy is extolled at the website; www.dollsofjapan.co.uk.
Ivor Conway has traveled extensively throughout Japan and was enchanted by the beauty of Daruma dolls. The website http://www.dollsofjapan.co.uk
is a resource maintained by Ivor Conway and dedicated to this simple but bold art form.
MORE RESOURCES updated Fri. February / 15 / 2019
Humanities, crafts aren’t ‘hobbies’ Pune Mirror
They are food for the soul and can put food on your table, too. After decades of favouring technical academic subjects over the humanities, in fact pushing and ...
Appy Hour | Crafts and hobbies Madison.com
Join us every second Wednesday of the month to learn about useful, fun, and free applications you can download to your smart device.
Open Media Lab | Crafts and hobbies Madison.com
The Media Lab at Central Library is a free space to explore digital media production in the realms of stop motion animation, 3D world design, green screen video ...
Mary Sutton, 68 Sioux Falls Argus Leader
Mary Sutton, 68, died Sunday, November 25, 2018 at her home in Sioux Falls. A memorial *service* will begin at 2 p.m. Saturday February 23, 2019 at Miller ...
Riverview Hobby Club Observer News
By LOIS KINDLE. LOIS KINDLE PHOTOS Thelma McQuiniff, 96, a 40-year member of the Riverview Hobby Club, is all smiles about the cowl one of her fellow ...
Community Calendar | News, Sports, Jobs Evening Observer
MONDAY, FEB. 11 Kids Clothes Closet, 10 a.m. to noon, First United Methodist Church of Fredonia, 25 Church St. New, nearly new clothing, other items for ...
What Will Your New Hobby Cost? mix941kmxj.com
We've all said I need a hobby. Maybe we even tried one and then...stopped. A new survey says the average person sticks with a hobby for 16 months and stops.
Gala shedders set for stage debut Border Telegraph
MEMBERS of a men's shed group in Galashiels are set to tread a different kind of board - as they prepare to star in their very own theatre…
5 Business Ideas for Stay at Home Moms Times Square Chronicles
As a mom, it can be difficult to balance your work life as well as your responsibilities as a mother. But by starting a business from home, you are always around ...
Garage Storage Hacks Arizona Daily Star
Posted by Shelves That Slide | Jan 30, 2019 | Home Improvement. Garage Storage Hacks. It seems that no matter how big your garage is, there is never enough ...
Art & Craft Fair | Crafts and hobbies Madison.com
Get a head start on your holiday shopping with over 100 vendors at American Family's annual Art & Craft Fair! This event is free and open to the public. There.
I like crafting Newsday
Hobbies I enjoy are piano, writing, math, and swimming, but my favorite thing to do is crafts. I like to make miniature places like mini campsites out of paper, glue, ...
Bike Traffic Skills | Crafts and hobbies Madison.com
Free class taught by UW Bicycle/Pedestrian Coordinator Chuck Strawser. Learn the basics of vehicular cycling and keep yourself safe and comfortable while ...
EAA Skiplane Fly-In | Crafts and hobbies Madison.com
One of the area's most colorful events of the season returns for its 27th year. The annual EAA Skiplane Fly-In, will be held on Saturday, February 9, from 10:00 ...
North Delta happening: week of Feb. 14 Cloverdale Reporter
... • Valentine's Day Family Fun Time: Feb. 14, 9:15 a.m. to 12:15 p.m.; North Delta Recreation Centre; Celebrate Valentine's Day with your family. Come and try ...
Holiday Craft Fair | Crafts and hobbies Madison.com
The annual St. Albert the Great Holiday Craft Fair will be held November 17, 2018 in Sun Prairie. This popular area craft fair features artists, crafters, vendors and ...
Hobby Lobby to open Dec. 31 | News Watauga Democrat
BOONE — After renovating over the majority of 2018, the craft and home decor store Hobby Lobby will cut the ribbon on its 50000-plus-square-foot Boone ...
Hobby Lobby closes Depew store Buffalo News
The Hobby Lobby store at 2090 George Urban Blvd in Depew has closed. Hobby Lobby has remaining stores at 6743 Transit Road in Lancaster, 3701 McKinley ...
The Kitchen Shenanigans! Voice of Journalists
As my final year exams had ended and I was free till my house job started, I decided to carry out the hobbies I had to stop in order to complete the never.
10 Hobbies You Can Turn Into a Side Hustle The Motley Fool
If you love what you do, you'll never work a day in your life. It's an old truism repeated often for a reason. The average person spends around 90,000 hours at ...